本文將以宗教與文化醫療為主旨，探討台灣民間宗教脈絡中的醫療概念。本文探索層面包含歷史、文化、宗教傳統與當代實踐，其案例研究涉及附身與儀式醫療範疇。本文研究案例將以四個具傳統的宗教場域為主，分別是廣熙宮、西龍殿、醒心壇、和意堂。基於這些案例的考察，本文也將在理論層面上理解民間傳統觀念當中的靈、身體與療愈。此外，本文同時也作歷史性考察，探討傳統中國的法術與醫療之關係，並同時探索宋代以來道教法術與佛教密法中的醫療儀式，尤其是儀式醫療與附身問事醫療。這些歷史文獻與相關經典不只提供豐富的儀式內涵與程序，對個人的療愈與社會宗教關係提供歷史線索，同時也幫助我們理解在台南地區治療與儀式、附身的關聯。本文對於這些傳統儀式的展演者，也就是這些儀式專家與靈媒，之於個人身心方面的創傷的療愈的功能也試圖作進一步的分析。 This paper tries to emphasize the quotidian realities of religious and healing cultures in a particular ethnographic context. In order to understand therapeutic aspects of religion in both the traditional and contemporary contexts as well as its local and global manifestations, I will explore the religious healing in Tainan, where religious practices offer especially rich examples. I chose four cases study on Taiwan: Xilong dian, Guanxi gong, Xingxin tan and Heyi tang. Base on these ethnographic pieces, this paper also tries to explore theoretical understanding of the spirit, body and illness in traditional Chinese society. In addition, I will analyze the historical tradition of ritual magic and healing in Chinese esoteric tradition, followed by an exploration of Daoist magical arts and Buddhist Tantric rituals after Song dynasty. The analysis will focus on ritual healing and spirit possession healing. These historical sources and analysis not only provide vivid accounts of the role of spirit possession and ritual performance in healing individuals and communities in traditional Chinese society, but it also help us to understand on healing and spirit possession in Taiwan. The agency of ritual and medium of deities and spirits in accounting for and dealing with a range of psychological and physical trauma are also the main issue in this project.