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|Issue Date: ||2016-09-20 12:11:20 (UTC+8)|
|Abstract: ||誠如湯炳正先生所説：“從漢代起，對屈原的事迹即有不同的記載；談到評騭，從漢代起，對屈原的行誼已有歧異的見解。但是，根本否定屈原這一歷史人物的存在，或貶誣屈原這一代偉人爲‘弄臣’等等，則無疑是晚近纔出現的新的學術動態。”（《現代楚辭批評史•序》）在20 世紀二三十年代的《楚辭》研究領域，關注的問題便主要集中在屈原的生平、身世，屈原作品的年代、真偽討論上，循著乾嘉樸學的考證舊路，這本是民國時期屈原《楚辭》研究的主流，向爲《楚辭》學術界所注目。不過，仍有些人主要不是通過屈原作品中涉及的地名、人名、時間、事件等内容推測是否有無屈原、是否爲屈原作品，他們本著文學在本質上是表達主觀情感的感性形式的“抒情”立場，循著情感、人格與體驗來梳理、窺測屈原“傳記”與“作品”，此尤具有學術史意義，值得我們探索。因爲，在革命、啓蒙之外，“抒情”代表中國文學現代性———尤其是現代主體建構———的另一面向。唯情是問，從“抒情性”的再發現、被本質化與普遍化，五四以來詩論的“抒情主義”參與了中國現代《楚辭》研究，論證“詩的邏輯”即爲“情感的邏輯”，“情感的邏輯”即爲“詩史的邏輯”。從梁啓超到梁宗岱再到李長之，我們看到抒情主義的《楚辭》研究的拓深與辯證。 As Tang Bingzheng said, ＂Stories of Qu Yuan have been variously recorded since Han Dynasty. As to the pass judgment, disputes as well emerged then. However, some new academic developments, such as negating the existence of historian Qu Yuan and degrading the great Qu Yuan to a jester, appeared quite late. ＂(The Preface of History of Modern Criticism on Chuci) In 1920s and 1930s, the research on Chuci focused on discussing Qu Yuan's life experience, dating his works, and verifying the authenticity of his works by adopting the traditional textual research method used in Qian-Jia Philology, which had been paid much attention to by the academia as the mainstream in field of research on Chuci in the Period of Republic of China. Nevertheless, there are still some scholars who are not intended to presume the existence of historian Qu Yuan or to verify the authenticity of his works according to the places, characters, time, and events that appeared in Qu Yuan's works. These scholars believe that the essence of literature is the expression of subjective feelings in the form of emotion - the ＂lyrical＂ stance. Thus, they comb and estimate Qu Yuan's biography and works according to emotion, personality and experience. This research, which is significant in the history of academy, is worth exploring because besides revolution and enlightenment, lyricism stands for another orientation of the modernity of Chinese literature, especially for the construction of modern subject. Lyricism is the only thing that matters. From the rediscovery to the essentialization to the universalization of ＂lyricism＂, the poetics of ＂lyricism＂ since May Fourth Movement has been involved in Chinese modern research on Chuci, and demonstrated that ＂poetic logic＂ is ＂emotional logic, ＂which also equals to ＂the logic of history of poetry＂. From Liang Qichao to Liang Zongdai to Li Changzhi, we can observe the extension in depth and dialectics of ＂lyricism＂ in the research on Chuci.|
|Relation: ||人文中國學報, 22, 125-170|
|Data Type: ||article|
|Appears in Collections:||[中國文學系] 期刊論文|
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