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|Title: ||認同與轉變: 中華民國(台灣)軍民關係的認知研究|
Identity and Transformation: Perceptions of Civil-Military Relations in the Republic of China (Taiwan)
|Issue Date: ||2016-12-07 10:50:21 (UTC+8)|
政策制定者推動軍隊 - 一個重要的社會制度 - 在這個方向。
As the polity continues to evolve in Taiwan, so too does the relationship between the
Republic of China (ROC) military and society.
Democratization, the growth of civil society, economic and social liberalization, and greater
equality in terms of gender and sexual orientation have marked a Taiwan society that is
becoming liberal, largely in the same pattern that has taken place in much of the West. As
society becomes more open and free, there has been a tendency for government and
policymakers to push the military—an important social institution—in that direction as well.
The problem arises, however, when Western examples are followed without a proper
assessment of whether they are appropriate for local conditions. An example is the push to
transition the ROC military to an All-Volunteer Force: this worked in the West because it
happened organically and based on exhaustive sociological research conducted prior to
implementation. But is it the right thing for Taiwan?
In order to assess the applicability of the Western example, this research uses as its theoretical
construct the Postmodern Military Model, which is a theoretical construct used to describe
how civil-military relations transform driven by changes in perceived threat. As developed by
US military sociologists Charles C. Moskos, John Allen Williams, and David R. Segal, the
PMMM describes the transformations that have taken place in the US military and other
armed forces in the world, and aids in understanding the state of civil-military relations. This
research assesses the ROC military according to the 11 dimensions of the PMMM to
determine the current state of civil-military relations, while also providing an assessment of
the model’s applicability to the unique context of Taiwan.
This study employs quantitative methods, using a survey of ROC citizens providing primary
data, supplemented by documentary evidence, to determine the current state of civil-military
relations using as a framework the 11 dimensions of the PMMM. Analysis of the findings
indicate that the ROC military does not neatly fit the pattern of the PMMM, but in a way that
nonetheless sheds light on the state of civil-military relations in Taiwan. A closer look at these
dimensions reveals how the PMMM, while not an appropriate roadmap for policymakers, is
nevertheless an excellent tool for understanding the current state of ROC civil-military
relations, and can yet contribute to the formation of better policy.
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|Source URI: ||http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0099265514|
|Data Type: ||thesis|
|Appears in Collections:||[亞太研究英語博/碩士學位學程(IDAS/IMAS) ] 學位論文|
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