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|其他題名: ||Current Issues and Strategies on Reserved Land for Aborigines|
|上傳時間: ||2016-12-22 15:30:39 (UTC+8)|
In Taiwan area, the land reserved for aborigines covers of 250,000 ha. Most of the reserved land spread over the Taiwan high mountain area in which there are several precious natural resources. Many nonaborigines are attracted to those areas from the ground because of those raw materials. Unfortunately, it is followed by the inappropriate land use and illegal sales of reserved land to those nonaborigines. At this moment, many land in the reserved area is not owned by the aborigines. Furthermore, the aborigines have requested property right of the reserved land which they have occupied for quite a long time. It becomes a serious political problem, and the government attempts to release additional reserved land for aborigines to solve this stalemate.From the viewpoint of public welfare, the property right concerning with those reserved land used or occupied by the aborigines should be protected by the law. However, the effect of the expansion of aborigines' reserved land on the public land should be carefully examined since this kind of policy maybe create a totally different result from the regular one. In addition,additional release of the reserved land ownership to the aborigines still can not stop losing of the reserved land because of the insufficiency of aborigines' skill and funds, and the increase of the non-agricultural employment opportunities. Furthermore, more than 2/3 of the aborigines reserved land are located both at the water resource protection areas and at the protection forest areas. The use of land in those areas is strictly defined and controlled by the laws. Therefore, how to adjust the conflict between the laws and the styles of land use in the reserved land becomes an urgent issue.Those land reserved for aborigines should be used and managed on the basis of efficient use of natural resources. The issue of aborigines' reserved land should also be studied in combining with the aborigines' tradition and with the philosophy of property right. Furthermore, this issue should be accorded with the nationwide comprehensive land use plan and the regional plan. To solve this issue, it is very possible that related regulations to establish an optimal management of the aborigines' reserved land and to unite aborigines' historical tradition with the economic development in those areas.