English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 27 |  Items with full text/Total items : 94001/124455 (76%)
Visitors : 29059103      Online Users : 212
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    政大機構典藏 > 理學院 > 心理學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/106875
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/106875

    Title: 生命故事中自傳式理解與心理適應間關係之探討
    Exploration of the relationship between autobiographical reasoning and psychological adaptation
    Authors: 張心俞
    Chang, Hsin Yu
    Contributors: 許文耀
    Chang, Hsin Yu
    Keywords: 敘事認同
    Narrative identity
    Autobiographical reasoning
    Date: 2017
    Issue Date: 2017-03-01 17:12:50 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究利用生命故事中自傳式理解作為媒介,探討個體自我瞭解與心理適應的關係如何於生命故事中展現,由處理層面(認知努力、處理結果)、主題內容(救贖化歷程、汙染化歷程、生發主題、共群主題)切入,探索自傳式理解的不同面向與正/負向心理適應狀態間之關聯性;另一方面,追蹤參與者一年後的心理適應狀態,探討自傳式理解能否預測未來心理適應。本研究採用生命故事訪問法進行訪問,第一年收集48名大學生之生命故事與心理適應狀態量表(希望感/憂鬱)、第二年追蹤42名大學生之心理適應狀態,將訪問內容謄為逐字稿後,針對處理層面及主題內容進行內容分析的計分。研究結果顯示:(一)處理層面中之認知努力程度雖與第一年心理適應狀態無顯著相關或解釋力,但卻對第二年憂鬱程度有顯著解釋力,換言之當個體投入越多的心力在思考自我與過往事件的關聯,則其第二年憂鬱分數越低;處理結果與第一年心理適應有顯著相關,甚至對第一年希望感有顯著解釋力,但無法有效預測第二年希望感與憂鬱分數。(二)主題內容中救贖化/污染化歷程與第一年心理適應狀態皆有顯著相關,與過往研究結果相似,迴歸分析顯示污染化歷程對第一年憂鬱有顯著解釋力,但兩者亦無法顯著預測第二年心理適應狀態;生發、共群主題與第一年心理適應狀態無顯著相關,亦無法有效預測第二年心理適應分數。最後,針對研究結果進行討論並提出臨床上的運用、研究限制與未來研究方向之建議。
    In the present research, autobiographical reasoning (AR) was used to examine the relation between self-understanding and psychological adaptation. This research focused on the process aspect (cognitive effort, process outcome), and the content aspect (redemption/contamination sequences, agency, communal) of AR to explore the relation to psychological adaptation. Also, participants’ psychological adaptation (hope, depression) was followed a year later to test whether AR could predict future psychological adaptation. Life story interview was used to collect 48 college students’ stories in the first year (time 1), and 42 of them were followed in the second year (time 2). Results showed that (1) the relation between cognitive effort and T1 psychological adaptation wasn’t statistically significant. However, cognitive effort could predict T2 depression. The more effort participants put on thinking connections between past events and the inner self, the less depression level they are in the next year. Process outcome was significantly correlated with T1 psychological adaptation, but it could not predict T2 psychological adaptation. (2) Redemption/contamination sequences were significantly correlated with T1 psychological adaptation. Further, contamination sequences could predict T1 depression. But redemption and contamination sequences could not predict T2 psychological adaptation. On the other hand, agency and communal themes neither correlated with T1 psychological adaptation, nor predicted T2 psychological adaptation. Finally, implications and limitations of this study were discussed.
    Reference: 李美枝(2002):〈中國人社會取向的本土契合度〉。從「現代到本土」學術研討會宣讀論文。
    Abbey, A., & Hallman, L. (1995). The role of perceived control, attributions, and meaning in members of infertile couples’ well-being. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 14, 271-296.
    Angus, L., & Hardtke, K. (1994). Narrative processes in psychotherapy. Canadian Psychology/Psychologie canadienne, 35(2), 190-203.
    Arnett, J. J. (2000). Emerging adulthood: A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. American Psychologist, 55, 469-480.
    Arnett, J. J. (2004). Emerging adulthood: The winding road from the late teens to the twenties. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    Arnett, J. J. (2007). Emerging adulthood: What is it, and what is it good for? Child Development Perspectives, 1, 68-73.
    Banks, M. V. (2013). Narrative Identity: the construction of the life story, autobiographical reasoning and psychological functioning in young adulthood (Doctoral dissertation, Victoria University of Wellington).
    Bauer, J. J., & Bonanno, G. A. (2001). I can, I do, I am: The narrative differentiation of self-efficacy and other self-evaluations while adapting to bereavement. Journal of Research in Personality, 35, 424–448.
    Bauer, J. J., & McAdams, D. P. (2004). Personal growth in adults' stories of life transitions. Journal of personality, 72(3), 573-602.
    Bauer, J. J., & McAdams, D. P. (2010). Eudaimonic growth: Narrative growth goals predict increases in ego development and subjective well-being 3 years later. Developmental Psychology, 46(4), 761-772.
    Bauer, J. J., McAdams, D. P., & Pals, J. L. (2008). Narrative identity and eudaimonic well-being. Journal of Happiness Studies, 9(1), 81-104.
    Bauer, J. J., McAdams, D. P., & Sakaeda, A. R. (2005). Interpreting the good life: growth memories in the lives of mature, happy people. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88(1), 203-217.
    Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Brown, G. K. (1996). Manual for the Beck Depression Inventory-II. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.
    Blagov, P. S., & Singer, J. A. (2004). Four dimensions of self-defining memories and their relationships to self-restraint, distress, and repressive defensiveness. Journal of Personality, 72(3), 481-512.
    Bluck, S., & Habermas, T. (2000). The life story schema. Motivation and Emotion, 24(2), 121-147.
    Bluck, S., & Habermas, T. (2001). Extending the study of autobiographical memory: Thinking back about life across the life span. Review of General Psychology, 5(2), 135-147.
    Cheng, C., Wong, W., & Tsang, K.W. (2006). Perceptions of benefits and costs during SARS outbreak: An 18-month prospective study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74, 870–879.
    Conway, M. A., & Pleydell-Pearce, C. W. (2000). The construction of autobiographical memories in the self-memory system. Psychological Review,107(2), 261-288.
    Conway, M. A., Singer, J. A., & Tagini, A. (2004). The self and autobiographical memory: Correspondence and coherence. Social Cognition, 22(5), 491-529.
    Costa, P. T. Jr., & McCrae, R. R. (1985). The NEO personality inventory manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
    Erikson, E. H. (1968). Identity: Youth and crisis. New York, NY: W. W. Norton.
    Fredrickson, B. L. (1998). What good are positive emotions? Review of General Psychology, 2, 300-319.
    Fredrickson, B. L. (2001). The role of positive emotions in positive psychology: The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions. American psychologist, 56(3), 218-226.
    Fredrickson, B. L., & Joiner, T. (2002). Positive emotions trigger upward spirals toward emotional well-being. Psychological Science, 13(2), 172-175.
    Funder, D. C., & Ozer, D. J. (1983). Behavior as a function of the situation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44(1), 107-112.
    Gonçalves, O. (1995). Hermeneutics, constructivism and cognitive-behavioral therapies: From the object to the project. In R. Neimeyer & M.Mahoney (Eds), Constructivism in Psychotherapy. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association Press. 195-230.
    Habermas, T., & Bluck, S. (2000). Getting a life: the emergence of the life story in adolescence. Psychological Bulletin, 126(5), 748-769.
    Kluckhohn, C., & Murray, H. A. (1953). Personality formation: The determinants. In C. Kluckhohn, H. A. Murray, & D. M. Schneider (Eds.), Personality in nature, society, and culture (pp. 53–67). New York: Knopf.
    Lilgendahl, J. P., & McAdams, D. P. (2011). Constructing stories of self‐growth: How individual differences in patterns of autobiographical reasoning relate to well‐being in midlife. Journal of Personality, 79(2), 391-428.
    Lodi-Smith, J., Geise, A. C., Roberts, B. W., & Robins, R. W. (2009). Narrating personality change. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96(3), 679.
    Marcia, J. E. (1980). Identity in adolescence. Handbook of adolescent psychology, 9(11), 159-187.
    Markus, H., & Kitayama, S. (1991). Culture and self: Implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation. Psychological Review, 98, 224-253.
    McAdams, D. P. (1987). A life-story model of identity. Perspectives in Personality, 2, 15-50.
    McAdams, D. P. (1988). Personal needs and personal relationships. In S. W. Duck (Ed.), Handbook of personal relationships (pp. 7-22). London: Wiley.
    McAdams, D. P. (1993). The stories we live by: Personal myths and the making of the self. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
    McAdams, D. P. (1995). What do we know when we know a person?. Journal of Personality, 63(3), 365-396.
    McAdams, D. P. (2001). Coding autobiographical episodes for themes of agency and communion. Unpublished manuscript, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL.
    McAdams, D. P. (2011). Narrative identity. In Handbook of identity theory and research (pp. 99-115). Springer: New York.
    McAdams, D. P., Anyidoho, N. A., Brown, C., Huang, Y. T., Kaplan, B., & Machado, M. A. (2004). Traits and stories: Links between dispositional and narrative features of personality. Journal of Personality, 72(4), 761-784.
    McAdams, D. P., Bauer, J. J., Sakaeda, A. R., Anyidoho, N. A., Machado, M. A., Magrino-Failla, K., ... & Pals, J. L. (2006). Continuity and change in the life story: A longitudinal study of autobiographical memories in emerging adulthood. Journal of Personality, 74(5), 1371-1400.
    McAdams, D. P., Hoffman, B. J., Mansfield, E. D., & Day, R. (1996). Themes of agency and communion in significant autobiographical scenes. Journal of Personality, 64(2), 339-377.
    McAdams, D. P., & Pals, J. L. (2006). A new Big Five: Fundamental principles for an integrative science of personality. American Psychologist, 61, 204–217
    McAdams, D. P., Reynolds, J., Lewis, M., Patten, A. H., & Bowman, P. J. (2001). When bad things turn good and good things turn bad: Sequences of redemption and contamination in life narrative and their relation to psychosocial adaptation in midlife adults and in students. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27(4), 474-485.
    McLean, K. C. (2008). Stories of the young and the old: personal continuity and narrative identity. Developmental Psychology, 44(1), 254-264.
    McLean, K. C., & Breen, A. V. (2009). Processes and content of narrative identity development in adolescence: Gender and well-being. Developmental Psychology, 45(3), 702-710.
    McLean, K. C., Breen, A. V., & Fournier, M. A. (2010). Constructing the Self in Early, Middle, and Late Adolescent Boys: Narrative Identity, Individuation, and Well‐Being. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 20(1), 166-187.
    McLean, K. C., Fernandez, S., Ngan, S., Smith, L., & Teebi, A. (2005). Coding manual for connections: To the self and between events. Unpublished manuscript, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
    McLean, K. C., & Fournier, M. A. (2008). The content and processes of autobiographical reasoning in narrative identity. Journal of Research in Personality, 42(3), 527-545.
    McLean, K. C., & Lilgendahl, J. P. (2008). Why we recall our highs and lows: Relations between memory functions, age, and well-being. Memory, 16, 751–762.
    McLean, K. C., Pasupathi, M., & Pals, J. L. (2007). Selves creating stories creating selves: A process model of self-development. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 11(3), 262-278.
    McLean, K. C., & Thorne, A. (2003). Late adolescents' self-defining memories about relationships. Developmental Psychology, 39(4), 635-645.
    McLeod, J. & Balamoutsou, S. (1996). Representing narrative process in therapy: A qualitative analysis of a single case. Counseling Psychology Quarterly, 9(1), 61-76.
    Meeus, W., Iedema, J., Helsen, M., & Vollebergh, W. (1999). Patterns of adolescent identity development: Review of literature and longitudinal analysis. Developmental Review, 19, 419-461.
    Moffitt, K. H., Singer, J. A., Nelligan, D. W., Carlson, M. A., & Vyse, S. A. (1994). Depression and memory narrative type. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 103(3), 581-583.
    Moore, R. G., Watts, F. N., & Williams, J. M. G. (1988). The specificity of personal memories in depression. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 27(3), 275-276.
    Neimeyer, R. (1995). Client generated narratives in psychotherapy. In R. Neimeyer & M. Mahoney (Eds). Constructivism in Psychotherapy. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association Press, 231-246.
    Oyserman, D., Coon, H. M., & Kemmelmeier, M. (2002). Rethinking individualism and collectivism: Evaluation of theoretical assumptions and meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 128, 3-72.
    Pals, J. L. (2006). Narrative identity processing of difficult life experiences: Pathways of personality development and positive self-transformation in adulthood. Journal of Personality, 74(4), 1079-1110.
    Pasupathi, M., Mansour, E., & Brubaker, J. R. (2007). Developing a life story: Constructing relations between self and experience in autobiographical narratives. Human Development, 50(2-3), 85-110.
    Pillemer, D. B. (1998).Momentous events, vivid memories. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
    Pillemer, D. B. (2001).Momentous events and the life story. Review of General Psychology, 5(2), 123-134.
    Rudd, M.D., Joiner, T., & Rajab, M.H. (2001). Treating suicidal behavior: An effective time-limited approach. New York: Guilford.
    Singer, J. A., & Moffitt, K. H. (1992). An experimental investigation of specificity and generality in memory narratives. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 11(3), 233- 257.
    Singer, J. A., & Salovey, P. (1993). The remembered self. New York: Free Press.
    Snyder, C. R., Harris, C., Anderson, J. R., Holleran, S. A., Irving, L. M., Sigmon, S. T., Yoshinobu, L., Langelle, C., & Harney, P. (1991). The will and the ways: Development and validation of an individual-differences measure of hope. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 570-585.
    Snyder, C. R., Lopez, S. J., Shorey, H. S., Rand, K. K., & Feldman, D. B. (2003). Hope theory, measurements, and applications to school psychology. School Psychology Quarterly, 18, 122-139.
    Sumner, J. A. (2012). The mechanisms underlying overgeneral autobiographical memory: An evaluative review of evidence for the CaR-FA-X model. Clinical psychology review, 32(1), 34-48.
    Thorne, A., & McLean, K. (2001). Manual for coding events in self-defining memories. Unpublished manuscript. Department of Psychology, University of California – Santa Cruz.
    Tomkins, S. S. (1987). Script theory. In J. Aronoff, A. I. Rabin, & R. A. Zucker (Eds.), The emergence of personality (pp. 147-216). New York: Springer.
    Triandis, H. C. (1994). Theoretical and methodological approaches to the study of collectivism and individualism. In U. Kim, H. C. Triandis, C. Kagitcibasi, S-C. Choi, & G. Yoon, (Eds.). Individualism and collectivism: Theory , method, and applications (pp.41-51). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Waterman, A. S. (2007). Doing well: The relationship of identity status to three conceptions of well-being. Identity: An International Journal of Theory and Research, 7(4), 289-307.
    Williams, J. M. G. (2006). Capture and rumination, functional avoidance, and executive control (CaR-FA-X): Three processes that underlie overgeneral memory. Cognition and Emotion, 20, 548-568.
    Williams, J. M., & Broadbent, K. (1986). Autobiographical memory in suicide attempters. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 95(2), 144-149.
    Wollman, C., & Felton, B. (1983). Social supports as stress buffers for adult cancer patients. Psychosomatic Medicine, 45, 322-331.
    Description: 碩士
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0102752015
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[心理學系] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat
    201501.pdf1411KbAdobe PDF0View/Open

    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

    社群 sharing

    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback