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    Title: 東協內部難民流動:類型學分析
    Intra-ASEAN refugee movements: a typological analysis
    Authors: 柳殷日
    Yuri, Baral
    Contributors: 楊昊
    Yang, Alan Hao
    柳殷日
    Yuri, Baral
    Keywords: 難民
    東盟
    運動
    流離失所
    Refugee
    ASEAN
    Movement
    Displacement
    Date: 2017
    Issue Date: 2017-03-01 17:33:41 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 東南亞難民結構中的東盟成員國的角色長期飽受批評,因為東盟對人道援助承諾的問題。抵達泰國、印尼、馬來西馬的緬甸若開邦的羅辛雅(Rohingya)乘船移民皆被拒絕入境並且送回海上,與70年代東南亞對難民的管理形成明顯的區別,當時離難民最近的目的地在收容和處理印度支那難民方面發揮了顯著且積極作用。
    部分的東盟國家是“International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights”以及“first Optional Protocol”的締約國,多數國家僅遵守1951年“難民公約”的規定,但尚未批准。
    本文從自由主義和建構主義的角度分析東南亞難民潮的性質。由確定印度支那難民危機(1975-1996 / 7)的東南亞難民高峰的難民經驗直到更現代的難民潮的來分析這個問題。聯合國難民署在這其間的數字與難民主要出口國的歷史知識作為補充基的礎,以確定推拉因素在整個難民高峰期是否相同。筆者認為,從1975年到現在,東盟難民潮的影響因素具有相似性,但也有不同的特點。 此外,當代難民危機是薄弱的區域難民制度的症狀。
    The role of ASEAN member states in Southeast Asia’s refugee structure has for long been a subject of criticism, with their commitments to the cause of humanitarian assistance in question. The treatment of Rohingya boat migrants who reached Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia from Myanmar's Rakhine state, only to be refused and pulled-back to sea, shows a stark difference from Southeast Asia’s management of refugees in the 1970s, which saw recent destination of refugees playing a significantly active role in hosting and processing of Indochinese refugees at the time. While some ASEAN states are party to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and its first Optional Protocol, a majority merely observes provisions of the 1951 Refugee Convention but have not ratified it. This paper analyzes the nature of Southeast Asia’s refugee flows from the lens of analytical liberalism and constructivism. It approaches the matter by identifying the peaks of Southeast Asia’s refugee experiences from the Indochina refugee crisis (1975-1996/7) to more contemporary refugee flows. Figures from UNHCR on these periods, alongside a working historical knowledge of main refugee exporting countries, serve as supplementary basis to determine whether identified push and pull factors are the same throughout the peak periods. I argue that the ASEAN refugee flows from 1975 to present show similarity in terms of influencing factors, but also have differing characteristics. Furthermore, the contemporary refugee crisis is symptomatic to a weak regional refugee regime.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    亞太研究英語碩士學位學程(IMAS)
    103926001
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0103926001
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[亞太研究英語博/碩士學位學程(IDAS/IMAS) ] 學位論文

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