English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 11 |  Items with full text/Total items : 89685/119491 (75%)
Visitors : 23936316      Online Users : 119
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/109639


    Title: 低碳都市規劃策略之研究
    Authors: 劉小蘭
    Contributors: 地政系
    Keywords: 低碳發展;非意欲產出;低碳政策;Tobit模型
    low carbon development;undesirable outputs;low carbon policy;Tobit model
    Date: 2016
    Issue Date: 2017-05-17 10:57:04 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 面對全球暖化之課題與威脅,各國政府大多以低碳發展,作為發展的訴求及目標,並因此推出許多低碳政策,設法達成此一目標,但關於低碳政策的影響,卻未能清楚地釐清。此外,縣市在空間上包括了異營性的都市系統,以及自營性的環境生態系統,隨著都市發展,雖然產生了許多效益,卻也消耗不少資源,連帶也產生不少碳排放量與環境污染,因此,地方政府在獲得規劃管理權限後,如何在永續的框架中,综合地衡量各種效益與耗損,調和並予以共存,並且落實於縣市發展政策之中,亦為一重要之課題。目前在低碳發展上的評估,多採用指標評估的方式進行分析,且甚少考慮發展所產生的負的外部性(即非意欲產出),亦多將非意欲產出忽略不計,故在評估上存在許多侷限與缺失。故本文以台灣各縣市作為實證案例,在考量非意欲產出下(碳排放威脅、環境污染衝擊),透過資料包絡分析中的不良產出模型,評估縣市低碳發展效率,並藉由Tobit模型,釐清低碳政策對縣市低碳發展效率之影響效果,以作為未來低碳發展或政策研擬之參考。根據不良產出模型的評估結果,顯示臺北市、新竹市、臺東縣、花蓮縣在低碳發展效率上相對具有效率,且已達最適規模水準。而高雄縣是目前亟待改善的首要縣市。另外,透過Tobit模式的實證分析,呈現顯著影響縣市低碳發展效率的低碳政策分析變數,包括工廠家數、資源回收量、市區公車系統路線總長、具綠建築標章的建物數、綠地面積。其中,除工廠家數對縣市低碳發展效率有負向影響外,其餘變數皆呈正向影響效果。
    Facing the disasters and threats of global warming and climate change, most city governments in the world have set up low-carbon development as goal, and drawn up low-carbon policies to achieve this goal. However, the effect of those low-carbon policies aren’t able to clarify. Besides, city/county includes heterotrophic system (such as urban) and autotrophic system (such as ecosystem). Formerly, the development of city/county has brought economic benefits, but also consumed a lot of resources and produced carbon emissions and environmental pollutant. Therefore, how to evaluate benefits and loss comprehensively and offer improvable recommendations is key point in sustainable development of city/county. In the past, most researchers evaluated low-carbon efficiency by indicators, and proceeded the evaluation
    without considering negative externality from development, therefore, made the inaccurate outcome of low-carbon efficiency evaluation. Thus, this paper assesses low-carbon efficiency of city by Bad Outputs Model, and analyzes its influential policies by Tobit model. According to the result of Bad Outputs Model, Taipei City, Hsinchu City, Taitung County, and Hualien County are
    efficiency, and achieve optimal scale level. Moreover,
    Kaohsiung County is the county in the most urgent need of improvement. Another result of Tobit model indicates that the industrial unit has the negative impact on low-carbon efficiency of city. Moreover, renewable energy of using,
    resource recovery, the total length of the urban bus route, green building, and green area have the positive impact on low-carbon efficiency of city.
    Relation: MOST 104-2410-H-004-190
    Data Type: report
    Appears in Collections:[地政學系] 國科會研究計畫

    Files in This Item:

    File Description SizeFormat
    104-2410-H-004-190.pdf1008KbAdobe PDF183View/Open


    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback