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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/109728

    Title: 本國市場效果、比較利益以及生產力與加價分配
    Authors: 徐則謙
    Contributors: 國貿系
    Keywords: 異質生產者;國際貿易;內生加價;產業生產力;李嘉圖模型;比較利益
    Heterogeneous Firms;International Trade;EndogenousMarkup;Sectoral Productivity;Ricardian Model;ComparativeAdvantage
    Date: 2015
    Issue Date: 2017-05-17 16:28:58 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 過去認為,透過低生產力生產者的退出,貿易的自由化能提高產業的生產力。然而最近的研究認為,如果工資固定不變,大國較無比較利益的產業,或是技術相對落後的國家的產業,生產力反而因貿易而下降。本文主張上述結果忽略工資變動的效果。將工資內生化後,較小的國家的產業、有比較利益的產業,或是技術較進步國家的產業,其生產力在貿易後可能會下降。此外,貿易自由化不一定會增加產業的競爭程度,故加價有可能在貿易後上升。最後,我們的數值例子顯示福利仍然隨貿易自由化上升。
    The conventional wisdom in modern international trade theory is that trade liberalization improves sectoral productivity by forcing low-productivity firms to exit. However, recent research considering an invariable wage shows that productivity decreases in sectors of a large country where it has weak comparative advantage, or in sectors of a technologically backward country. By endogenizing wage, we show that sectoral productivity may be reduced in small countries, in sectors with comparative
    advantage, or in advanced countries. Furthermore, trade liberalization does not necessarily reduce an endogenously determined markup. Nevertheless, our numerical examples demonstrate that welfare does increase with trade liberalization.
    Relation: MOST 103-2410-H-004-011
    Data Type: report
    Appears in Collections:[國際經營與貿易學系 ] 國科會研究計畫

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