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    政大機構典藏 > 商學院 > 資訊管理學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/110797


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    題名: 應用情感型態分析於指數股票型基金趨勢研究-以台灣卓越50基金為例
    A study on the trend of exchange traded funds by sentiment pattern analysis in Yuanta Taiwan Top 50 ETF
    作者: 林詠翔
    Lin, Yong-Xiang
    貢獻者: 姜國輝
    Chiang, Kuo-Huie
    林詠翔
    Lin, Yong-Xiang
    關鍵詞: 情感分析
    LDA主題模型
    型態模型
    指數股票型基金
    Sentimental analysis
    LDA
    Pattern model
    ETF
    日期: 2017
    上傳時間: 2017-07-11 11:29:01 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 根據研究指出 ETF 資產規模近幾年快速成長,元大台灣卓越 50 基金因市場 規模大等優勢受到投資人的青睞,賴以巨量資料的發展使得文字探勘技術成熟, 故本研究希冀提出一套情感分析的價格預測模型,提升投資者的報酬率。
    過往學者以文章中的單詞作為文字探勘的分析單位,常會產生同義詞、多義 詞的問題,因此提出情感型態分析的監督式學習方法建立模型。另外為了解決監 督式學習難以取得訓練資料的限制,本研究混合非監督式學習方法進行主題分群 與情緒傾向標注。
    本研究建立台灣股市新聞文本資料集,並篩選熱門議題詞詞庫,進行非監督 式的 LDA 主題模型,發現在 2016 年總統選舉期間,媒體對於公司相關議題的注 意力降低,使得相關的文本數量大幅減少;另外在情緒傾向標注階段,因混和了 NTUSD、知網及自行擴充演算法的情感詞庫,能夠將 10%中性詞彙產生極性判 斷、96%的文本標注情緒傾向。
    視覺化工具分析結果指出,DIF-MACD 能夠預測台灣卓越 50 基金的長期走 勢,而新聞情緒指數則在短期的價格波動上表現良好,且在主題模型分群中,總 體經濟、公司維運類別的新聞情緒指數具有約 1-2 日領先指標特性,對於後續的 價格預測模型有所助益。
    在監督式情感分析方法,為解決上述同義詞、多義詞的問題,本研究採用型 態分類模型於中文文本,並與向量空間模型、支援向量機等方法做比較。實驗結 果指出優化的型態分類模型,並結合台灣加權股價指數,表現相對良好,F1- Measure 可達 85%。進一步討論新聞情緒對於價格預測的重要性,發現在非交易 時間序列中的新聞情緒,能夠對 0050 的價格波動產生影響。
    The past research points out that the scale of ETF assets has been growing rapidly in recent years. Yuanta Taiwan Top 50 ETF is popular with investors because of the advantages of large market scale. Through the development of Big Data, the technology of Text Mining becomes mature. Thus, we analyze the price forecast model to raise the investors' rate of return.
    The research of Text Mining used to take the document term to analyze, but it often results in the problem with synonym and polysemy. Therefore, this research proposes a supervised learning method of sentiment pattern analysis. In addition, in order to solve the problem with training data about the supervised learning method, we mix the unsupervised learning method to carry out the subject grouping and sentimental tendency.
    In this study, we establish the news dataset and screen it as popular terms that are used to an unsupervised method of LDA model. The result points out that the number of news about company dropped significantly during the 2016 Taiwan president election because of the change of media sensation. Moreover, we create the sentiment dictionary that can determine the polarity of 10% neutral terms and the emotional tendency of 96% documents by mixing the NTUSD, HowNet knowledge Database and the self-expansion algorithm.
    Through the data visualization, the result shows that the curve of DIF-MACD is able to predict the long-term trend of 0050, while the sentiment index of the news makes a good showing in the short-term price volatility. Besides, the news sentiment index of the subjects that belong to general economy and company has about 1 to 2 day leading indicators.
    Eventually, we employ the Sentiment Pattern Taxonomy Model(PTM) in Chinese texts as supervised learning method and compare with VSM and SVM. The experiment result shows that PTM combined with Taiwan Weighted Stock Index is the best when its F1-Measure is up to 85%. Apart from this, we find that the sentiment index of the news in non-trading time can influence the price volatility of 0050.
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    描述: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    資訊管理學系
    104356013
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0104356013
    資料類型: thesis
    顯示於類別:[資訊管理學系] 學位論文

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