In this study, we examine frontline employees in a multifoci approach for clarifying relationships between social stressors caused by supervisors, colleagues and customers, and turnover intentions, sick leave and service sabotage. The study also considers caring climates and service climates for moderating effects. Data were collected from 420 frontline employees and 30 supervisors in 30 hotels in the hospitality industry. Hierarchical linear model analysis confirmed that supervisor-caused stressors were more strongly related to turnover intention; colleague-caused stressors were more strongly related to sick leave; and customer-caused stressors were more strongly related to service sabotage. In addition, caring climates moderated the relationships between supervisor- and customer-caused stressors and turnover intentions. Service climates moderated the relationships between supervisor- and customer-caused stressors and service sabotage. The findings corroborate the target similarity model. The implications of this study for research and practice are discussed.
Journal of occupational and organizational psychology, 87(4), 755-780