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    Title: 臺北市公共住宅對周圍住宅價格之影響
    Authors: 張金鶚
    黃怡潔;江穎慧;張金鶚
    Contributors: 地政系
    Keywords: 公共住宅;房價;空間迴歸模型;分量迴歸模型
    public housing;property values;spatial regression;quantile regression
    Date: 2017-03
    Issue Date: 2017-07-12 10:02:09 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 近年臺北市政府試圖藉由興建公共住宅,解決住宅價格高漲影響人民居住問題,然附近居民往往認為公共住宅會造成周圍住宅生活環境品質低落及價格下跌,反對其於住家鄰近興建。過去國內缺乏以實證方式計算公共住宅對周圍住宅價格之影響;而國外相關研究雖有利用量化實證公共住宅與周圍房價關係,然多針對個別公共住宅社區為研究對象,對不同類型公共住宅及其對不同高低房價住宅之影響與差異,缺乏更全面的探討分析。本文應用特徵價格理論傳統迴歸模型、空間迴歸模型及分量迴歸模型,並以2012 年 7 月至 2015 年 9 月之不動產實價登錄交易資料進行實證分析,研究整建住宅、出售國宅、出租國宅、公營出租住宅等四類不同時期公共住宅,於 100~300公尺不同影響範圍下,分別對周圍住宅價格的影響效果。實證結果顯示,附近有早期興建之整建住宅及出租國宅者,其住宅總價皆呈現顯著下跌現象,分別下跌約 1.7%至 8.9%及 1.5%至 7.7%;附近有出售國宅之住宅總價漲跌情形不顯著;而近期興建之公營出租住宅則造成周圍住宅價格顯著上漲約 1.7%至 7.7%;又前述影響程度皆隨影響範圍擴大而隨之減輕。進一步分析不同影響範圍下對其周圍高低總價住宅的影響,公營出租住宅對周圍低價住宅正向提升效果為 6.2%至7.1%,皆大於高價住宅之無顯著影響至 3.2%。由新推出的公營出租住宅對周圍房價造成正面影響的實證結果,應可釐清公共住宅外部性之正向效果,有助後續公共住宅的興建。
    In recent years, government has tried to build the public housing to solve the living problems caused by the soaring house price. However, residents beside the public housing often regard them as Nimbys that will detrimentally affect property values and oppose public housing to be built nearby. There were short of empirical studies that focus on the effects of public housing on nearby property in Taiwan. Besides, the empirical studies in foreign only select a specific public housing as their subject, which few of them analyze different effects caused by different types of public housing, and ignore different effects on nearby property with different values. This study analyzes the effect of resettled tenement, public housing for rent and for sale as well as social housing on nearby property values in different ranges separately by using hedonic price theory OLS, spatial and quantile regression as model, and selecting the sale price of real estate in Taipei City from July 2012 to September 2015 as sample. The result shows that although resettled tenement and public housing for rent detrimentally affect the property values by 1.7% to 8.9% and 1.5% to 7.7% separately, public housing for sale does not affect the property values significantly, and social housing positively affects the property values by 1.7% to 7.7% on the contrary. In addition, these effects decline with distance from public housing. With regard to the impact on high and low priced property in different ranges, social housing has positive effect on low-priced property by 6.2% to 7.1% and no significant effect to 3.2% on high-priced property. People need not be afraid that social housing built recently will detrimentally affect nearby property values. Empirical results show that social housing newly built are able to enhance the property values nearby, which is contributed to the follow-up construction of the public housing.
    Relation: 都市與計劃, 1-25
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[地政學系] 期刊論文

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