English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  全文筆數/總筆數 : 79209/108319 (73%)
造訪人次 : 20456518      線上人數 : 655
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
搜尋範圍 查詢小技巧:
  • 您可在西文檢索詞彙前後加上"雙引號",以獲取較精準的檢索結果
  • 若欲以作者姓名搜尋,建議至進階搜尋限定作者欄位,可獲得較完整資料
  • 進階搜尋
    請使用永久網址來引用或連結此文件: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/111711

    題名: 所得不確定性對經常帳之影響-以亞洲國家為例
    The relationship between income uncertainty and current account- take Asian countries as example
    作者: 李曼筠
    貢獻者: 林信助
    關鍵詞: 所得波動
    Current account
    Income uncertainty
    日期: 2017
    上傳時間: 2017-08-10 09:39:35 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本文主要目的在於探討亞洲國家所得不確定性與經常帳之間的關聯性。本文延續Adams and Park(2003)、Bernenke(2007)等提出所得不確定性為影響亞洲經常帳的重要因素此論點,實證是否如上所述,所得不確定性為造成亞洲國家高經常帳剩餘水準的重要因素之一。過去雖不乏探討經常帳影響因素的文獻,然而文獻中多採用OECD或全體國家大樣本資料。由於根據國家特性的不同,影響其經常帳的重要因素也有所不同,不同時空背景下所得不確定性對於全球經濟的影響程度也有所不同(Herwartz and Siedenburg,2007),我們採用不同於過去的樣本做實證。本文採用1990年代後亞洲十國為樣本,依循Fogli and Perri(2013)以相對所得波動度代表所得不確定性,並加入控制變數如平均所得成長率、政府支出波動度、平均通貨膨脹率及貿易開放程度於迴歸式當中。實證結果發現,所得波動性對經常帳效果為正顯著,證實預防性儲蓄理論(precautionary saving)適用於解釋亞洲國家經常帳。迴歸式當中另一顯著的變數為平均所得成長率,與經常帳呈負顯著關係。從估計結果可得出,整體而言亞洲國家樣本特性較接近Roldos(1996)的國家發展階段理論(stages of development hypothesis)中所述之開發中國家的特性,與過去文獻提到歐、美等國家特性具有差異。綜合實證結果以及過去文獻,本文得到的結論為預防性儲蓄動機理論應適用於解釋亞洲國家的高經常帳剩餘現象。
    This thesis aims to investigate the relationship between income uncertainty and current account balance in Asian countries. Following Adams and Park(2003), Bernanke(2007) and more economists’ perspective that income uncertainty is the determining factor that results in Asian countries’ high saving rate, this thesis provides empirical result for the above statement. Though there are literature investigating factors that affect current account balance, those literature are not applicable to our topic because most of them use OECD countries as sample. Since the determining factors of current account may differ in different country groups and under different background (Herwartz and Siedenburg, 2007), we take 10 Asian countries as sample to investigate on our topic. Based on Fogli and Perri’s (2015) method, we adopt relative volatility of GDP growth in representing uncertainty in the real world, and consider average GDP growth, volatility of government consumption growth, inflation, openness as other control variables. Our empirical result shows that GDP volatility is positively and significantly related to current account, which justifies the applicability of the precautionary saving theory in Asian countries. In addition, among other variables, average GDP growth demonstrates negative and significant impact on current account. Overall, the result is in consistent with the characteristic of “developing countries” implied by the stages of development hypothesis (Roldos, 1996), which is different from European and American countries’ suggested in past literature. Combining the empirical result and past literature, this thesis concludes that Asian countries’ high current account level is attributable to precautionary saving motive.
    參考文獻: Adams, Charles and Donghyun Park, (2009), “Causes and Consequences of Global Imbalances: Perspective from Developing Asia,” ADB Economics Working Paper Series, No. 157
    Aiyagari, S. Rao, (1994), “Uninsured Idiosyncratic Risk Aggregate Saving,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 109, 659-684
    Aristovnik, Aleksander, (2008), “Short-term determinants of current account deficits: evidence from Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union,” Eastern European Economics 46, 24–42
    Bosworth, Barry P., (1993), “Saving and Investment in Global Economy,” The Brookings Institution, Washington, DC.
    Bernanke, Ben S., (2005), “The global saving glut and the U.S. current account deficit,” Federal Reserve Board, Sandridge Lecture
    Bernanke, Ben S., (2007), “Global Imbalances: Recent Developments and Prospects,” Federal Reserve Board, Bundesbank Lecture
    Broer, Tobias, (2012), “Domestic or Global Imbalances? Rising income risk and the fall in the US current account,” Working paper, IIES Stockholm
    Brzozowski, Michał and Sadananda Prusty, (2011) “Impact of GDP volatility on current account balances,” Working Papers 2011-02, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw
    Caballero, Ricardo J., (1990), “Consumption puzzles and precautionary savings,” Journal of Monetary Economics, 25, 113-136
    Caballero, Ricardo J. et al. (2008), “An Equilibrium Model of “Global Imbalances” and Low Interest Rates,” American Economic Review, 98(1),358–393.
    Chinn, Menzie D. Chinn and Eswar S. Prasad, (2003), “Medium-term determinants of current accounts in industrial and developing countries: an empirical exploration,” Journal of International Economics 59, 47–76
    Dow, James P. and Lars J. Olson, (1991), “An Analytic Solution to a Stochastic Consumption-Saving Problem with Liquidity Constraints,” Southern Economic Journal, 58, 459-464
    Dreze, Jacques and Franco Modigliani, (1972), “Consumption Decisions under Uncertainty,” Journal of Economic Theory, 5:3, 308-325.
    Elgin, Ceyhun and Tolga Umut Kuzubas,(2013), “Current account balance and output volatility,” Economic Modelling, 33, 381-387
    Fogli, Alessandra and Fabrizio Perri,(2015), “Macroeconomic volatility and external imbalances,” Journal of Monetary Economics, 40, 121-139
    Ghosh, Atish R and Jonathan D. Ostry,(1997), “Macroeconomic Uncertainty, Precautionary Saving, and the Current Account,” Journal of Monetary Economics, 40, 121-139
    Guest, Ross and Ian McDonald, (1999), “An evaluation of the saving, investment, and current account balances of five ASEAN economies,” Journal of Asian Economics, 10, 445–464
    Guy, Debelle and Hamid Faruqee, (1996), “What determines the current account? A cross-sectional and panel approach,” IMF Working Paper 96/ 58
    Herwartz, Helmut and Florian Siedenburg,(2007), “Determinants of Current Account Imbalances in 16 OECD Countries: An Out-Of-Sample Perspective.” Review of World Economics, 143, 349-374
    Jha, Shikha et al., (2009), “Saving in Asia and Issues for Rebalancing Growth,” Asian Development Bank Economics Working Paper No.162
    Karras, Georgios, (2016), “Macroeconomic Volatility and the Current Account: Evidence from a Panel of OECD Countries,” International Economic Journal, 30, 322-333
    Kim, Soyoung and Jong-Wha Lee, (2007), “Demographic Changes, Saving, and Current Account in East Asia.” Asian Economic Papers, 6(2), 22–53
    King, Mervyn, (1986), “Capital Market ‘‘Imperfection’’ and the Consumption Function,’’ Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 88, 59-83
    Lane, Philip R., (2003), “Business Cycles and Macroeconomic Policy in Emerging Market Economies,” Trinity Economics Papers 20032, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics
    Leland, Hayne E., (1968), “Saving and uncertainty: the precautionary demand for saving, ” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 82, 465-473.
    M.A.M., Thanoon and Baharumshah Ahmad Z.,(2012), “Comparing Savings Behavior in Asia and Latin America: The Role of Capital Inflows and Economic Growth,” The journal of developing areas, 46(1), 113-131
    Obstfeld, Maurice and Kenneth Rogoff, (1996), “Foundations of international macroeconomics,” Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
    Roldos, Jorge, (1996), “Human capital, borrowing constraints, and the stages of the balance of payments,” Manuscript, IMF
    Romer, David H., (2006), “Advanced Macroeconomics,” McGraw-Hill, Irwin, New York
    Sachs, Jeffrey D., (1981), “The Current Account and Macroeconomics Adjustment in the 1970s,” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1, 201-282
    Sachs, Jeffrey D., (1982), “The Current Account in the Macroeconomic Adjustment Process,” Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 84(2), 147-159
    Sandmo, Agnaro, (1970), “The Effect of Uncertainty on Saving Decisions” The Review of Economic Studies, 37(3), 354-360
    Treager, Christian P., (2014), “Why uncertainty matters: discounting under intertemporal risk aversion and ambiguity,” Economic Theory, Springer; Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), 56, 627-664
    Xu, Xiaonian, (1995) “Precautionary Savings under Liquidity Constraints: A Decomposition,” International Economic Review, 36, 675-690
    European Economy, Current Account Surpluses in the EU, 2012
    Zanghieri, Paolo, (2004), “Current Accounts Dynamics in new EU members: Sustainability and Policy Issues,” Working Papers 2004-07, CEPII research center
    描述: 碩士
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0104351032
    資料類型: thesis
    顯示於類別:[國際經營與貿易學系 ] 學位論文


    檔案 大小格式瀏覽次數
    103201.pdf983KbAdobe PDF0檢視/開啟


    社群 sharing

    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - 回饋