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    題名: 回應綠色債券之正當性危機—— 以世界銀行環境與社會框架為中心
    Response to the Legitimacy Crisis of Green Bond ─ Focus on World Bank Environmental and Social Framework
    作者: 李建歡
    Li, Chien Huan
    貢獻者: 施文真
    李建歡
    Li, Chien Huan
    關鍵詞: 綠色債券
    綠色債券原則
    世界銀行
    環境與社會框架
    環境風險
    Green bond
    Green bond principles
    World bank
    Environmental and social framework
    Environmental risks
    日期: 2017
    上傳時間: 2017-08-10 09:39:48 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 近年綠色債券作為新興的金融工具,因各國對於綠色經濟轉型之需求漸增備受矚目。在各界的推波助瀾下,綠色債券從2014年開始爆發式地成長。快速成長的過程中,投資人開始質疑綠色債券是否確實能帶來環境之正面效益,近兩年更開始擔憂其投資過程中反而造成了環境的負面外部性。此一質疑撼動了綠色債券存在之正當性,並成為其在未來成長必然的阻力。本文整理了截至2017年7月綠色債券之市場發展以及發行綠色債券的基本要件,並發現目前市場對於綠色債券環境負面外部性的關注漸增,但卻無相應的市場機制。
    鑑此,本文透過世界銀行之經驗與其在2016年所頒布之「環境與社會框架」作為參考,檢討不同之發債者,如何能透過程序面之管理,避免或最小化環境之負面外部性,並給予金融機構、政府機構與一般企業在發債時之建議,並將建議統整為給予綠色債券原則修正之建議。最後,針對我國櫃買中心2017年4月所頒布之「綠色債券作業要點」進行評述。
    In recent years, “green bond”, a novel financial instrument, has received gaining attention from capital market due to the increasing demand for green transition. Under the promotion from international community, green bond has experienced explosive growth. Despite the high speed growth, investors’ worries about whether green bonds could bring environmental positive effect, or even environmental negative effect in recent one or two years. This question shaked the legitimacy of the need for green bond’s existence, and necessarily deters the future development and market expansion of green bond. This thesis inquired into the green bond market and relevant mechanism until July 2017, and found out that little efforts has been put onto the possibility of negative externality avoidance and mitigation despite the increasing attention.
    Hence, this thesis sorted out the environmental management measures from Environmental and Social Framework of World Bank, in order to provide advice to different issuers, including financial institutions, governments, and corporations. Based on the reccomendations, this thesis would also provide advice to Green Bond Principles. At last, the thesis would evaluate Green Bond Operating Direction in TPEx, which was approved in April 2017.
    參考文獻: 中文部分
    1. 專書
    李存修、葉銀華,「金融市場概述」,《台灣資本市場之發展》,頁3-5,2014年,財團法人台灣金融研訓院。
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    2. 期刊
    葉保強,「企業社會責任的發展與國家角色」,《應用倫理研究通訊》,第41期,2007年2月,第37頁。
    3. 其他
    中華人民共和國國家發展和改革委員會,綠色債券發展指引,2016,第1頁。
    財團法人中華民國證券櫃檯買賣中心綠色債券作業要點總說明。
    日月光集團,綠色債券,網址:http://www.aseglobal.com/en/Csr_c/GreenBond.asp。

    西文部分
    1. 專書
    David Milobsky & Louis Galambos, The McNamara Bank and Its Legacy, 1968-1987, BUSINESS AND ECONOMIC HISTORY, Vol. 24, No. 2, 167, at 173-181, available at https://www.thebhc.org/sites/default/files/beh/BEHprint/v024n2/p0167-p0196.pdf.
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    2. 期刊與草稿
    Bridgeman, Natalie Laura, World Bank Reform in the "Post-Policy" Era, 13 GEORGETOWN INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW REVIEW, 1013, at 1037 2001.
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    Oren Perez, The New Universe of Green Finance: From Self-Regulation to Multi-Polar Governance, BAR-ILAN UNIVERSITY PUBLIC LAW AND LEGAL THEORY, Feb. 12, 2007, 5, available at http://www.biu.ac.il/law/unger/working_papers/1-07.pdf.
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    3. 機構報告
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    5. 官方文件(包含綠色債券原則、世界銀行政策、美國國會資料、公開信件等官方一手文件)
    African Development Bank, Green Bonds Framework: Portfolio Selection, Allocation of Proceeds and Monitoring, at 3-4, available at https://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Publications/Green-bond.pdf.
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    Michael Cernea, India: Narmada-Sardar Sarovar Dam Project Appraisal of Resettlement, World Bank, Office Memorandum, SP. 1983, at 1.
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    國立政治大學
    國際經營與貿易學系
    104351045
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