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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/111815

    Title: 社會焦慮在難民庇護政策中的角色:以德國、法國與奧地利為例
    The role of societal anxiety in asylum policy: the cases of Germany, France and Austria
    Authors: 楊博智
    Yang, Bo Chih
    Contributors: 盧倩儀
    Lu, Chien Yi
    Yang, Bo Chih
    Keywords: 歐洲難民危機
    European refugee crisis
    Asylum policy
    Societal anxiety
    Date: 2017
    Issue Date: 2017-08-10 10:05:49 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 面對此次難民危機的挑戰,歐盟無法團結一致推行共同的難民庇護政策,反而造成各國內鬨爭端;整體而言,歐洲各國的難民庇護政策大致呈現緊縮的態勢,於此,本文試圖進一步探索:什麼因素促使反難民情緒逐漸高漲,進而影響難民庇護政策轉趨緊縮?其中,又有哪些面向對政策轉變具有顯著的效果?本文以德國、法國與奧地利為研究個案,聚焦國內經濟、文化與安全三大面向,試圖理解衝擊人民心理與情緒的社會焦慮,並提供一項更細緻的觀察與解釋。
    Faced with the refugee crisis, the EU had not only failed to come up with a common asylum strategy, but been plagued by increasing disputes among its Member States. The asylum policy of individual states had, in general, become more and more restrictive as the refugee crisis intensified. In order to understand the domestic factors contributing to the surge of anti-refugee sentiments, I take Germany, France and Austria as the cases and examine the dynamic developments of anti-refugee sentiments as well as the restriction-oriented asylum policy reforms that followed.
    The existence of the agents of societal anxiety in European countries predated the refugee crisis. Prior to the European debt crisis, the sense of economic insecurity was already palpable. The implementation of austerity policies greatly enhanced this sense of insecurity. Meanwhile, ethnic tensions or even conflicts were chronic in western European countries. These two agents of societal anxiety turned out to be significant factors in explaining the surge of anti-refugee sentiments. Furthermore, during the crisis, the sudden mass influx of refugees also had an impact on people’s perceptions and sentiments. Not only did it trigger the economic and cultural agents of societal anxiety, but also brought about the perceived security threat as well. Eventually, the anti-refugee sentiments, catalyzed and reinforced by these dynamics, contributed to restrictive asylum policy reforms.
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    Description: 碩士
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0103252006
    Data Type: thesis
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