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    Title: 青少年增強權能之探究:權能程度與相關因素
    The Extent and Correlates of Empowerment among Adolescents
    Authors: 張哲誠
    Chang, Che Cheng
    Contributors: 宋麗玉
    Song, Li yu
    張哲誠
    Chang, Che Cheng
    Keywords: 青少年
    增強權能
    權能感
    自我認同
    批判思考態度
    Adolescent
    Empowerment
    Self-identity
    Critical thinking
    Date: 2017
    Issue Date: 2017-08-10 10:08:27 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 青少年期為「進入生活」的重要階段,開始展現對周遭事物的影響力;但問題化看待青少年導致其主體性難以被看見,而影響權能(empowerment)的展現。本研究旨在瞭解一般性青少年之增強權能意涵,並探討青少年權能感現況程度及影響青少年權能感的相關因素。

    本研究採問卷調查法,研究對象為新北市就讀國中與高中職之青少年,經兩階段取樣之有效樣本共1319位。根據文獻探討,納入檢驗之權能感相關因素包含性別、年齡(年級)、地區、家庭經濟壓力、生活滿意度、社會支持(家庭支持、同儕支持、師長支持)、自我認同、批判思考傾向。分析方法包含描述性統計、獨立樣本T檢定、變異數分析、相關分析與多元迴歸分析。

    本研究重要發現:一、青少年權能程度為尚可至中度,社會政治權能最高,外在掌控力則最低。二、家庭經濟壓力與整體權能感有負相關,且高、低經濟壓力組分別與不同面向之權能感有顯著相關。三、青少年期待生活有改變或獲得新事物的機會;其生活滿意度與權能感有正相關。四、同儕支持與整體權能感有較高之關聯,但教師支持與社會政治層面之權能有較高相關性。五、青少年對未來成就及生涯目標之認同程度偏低;自我認同程度與權能感有高度正相關。六、青少年之批判思考態度為中度偏高;批判思考態度與權能感有正相關。七、對於青少年權能感解釋力較佳之變項依序為自我認同、批判思考傾向、同儕支持與教師支持。

    據此,本研究提出青少年增強權能之內涵與處遇策略、青少年教育或養育上之建議,以供社工、家長及學校參考。最後說明本研究之限制,並提供未來研究相關建議。
    Adolescence is the important stage of “Into life” which means adolescent start to have the effect on their life. However, regarding adolescents as problems makes us hardly see the subjectivity of adolescents, and then the performance of empowerment may be influenced. This study attempted to understand the empowerment of adolescents, and to find out the extent and correlates of empowerment among them.

    The study conducted a survey held by two stage sampling with the junior high and high school students in New Taipei city. In the end, 1319 questionnaries were analyzed. According to the literature, the probable correlates of empowerment included gender, age (grades), districts, family economic strain, satisfaction of life, social support (family support, peer support, school support), self-identity and critical thinking attitude. Data analysis methods used included descriptive analysis, T-test, ANOVA, correlations analysis and multiple regression analysis.

    Concludes from the analysis:1. The extent of empowerment is moderate;the social-political power is the highest, but the external control power is the least. 2. The family economic strain is negatively correlated to the empowerment;Groups of high and low economic strain are correlated to empowerment in different aspects. 3. Adolescents expect there are chances of changing and gaining something new in their life;The satisfaction of life positively correlates to the empowerment. 4. Among social support, the peer support is highly correlated to the empowerment, but the school support is highly correlated to social-political aspect in empowerment. 5. The extent of self-identity about future achievements and career goals is low;The extent of self-identity is highly positively correlates to empowerment. 6. The critical thinking attitude among adolescent is moderate-high;The critical thinking attitude positively correlates to empowerment. 7. The multiple regression analysis showed that self-identy, critical thinking attitude, peer support and teacher support were the most important factors of empowerment among adolescents.

    According to the conclusion, this study recommended some strategies and methods of social work intervention, education and parenting for social workers, parents and teachers. Finally, we discuss the limitations of the study and the recommendations for future research.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    社會工作研究所
    104264003
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0104264003
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of Social Administration and Social Work] Theses

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