Central dominance (CD) introduced in Gollier (1995, Journal of Economic Theory) is a risk concept that differs from stochastic dominance (SD) in an important way. In particular, CD implies a deterministic comparative static of a change in decision when risk changes, but SD does not have such an implication. In this paper, we propose the first test of central dominance, which amounts to checking a functional inequality. We derive the asymptotic distribution of a lower bound of the proposed test and suggest a bootstrap procedure to compute the critical values. We also conduct simulations to evaluate the performance of this test. Our empirical study finds clear evidence of CD relations between the S&P 500 index return distributions during 2001–2013 and results in unambiguous implications for investment decisions.
Journal of Econometrics,Volume 196, Issue 2, Pages 368-378