English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  全文筆數/總筆數 : 74911/106084 (71%)
造訪人次 : 19416531      線上人數 : 326
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
搜尋範圍 查詢小技巧:
  • 您可在西文檢索詞彙前後加上"雙引號",以獲取較精準的檢索結果
  • 若欲以作者姓名搜尋,建議至進階搜尋限定作者欄位,可獲得較完整資料
  • 進階搜尋
    請使用永久網址來引用或連結此文件: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/112348


    題名: 貿易自由化、實質工資與失業率
    Trade Lberalization, Real Wage, and Unemployment Rate
    作者: 潘賢恕
    Pan, Hsien Shu
    貢獻者: 徐則謙
    潘賢恕
    Pan, Hsien Shu
    關鍵詞: 實質工資
    貿易
    失業
    效率工資
    異質廠商
    獨占性競爭
    Real Wage
    Trade
    Unemployment
    Efficiency Wage
    Firm Heterogeneity
    Monopolistic Competition
    日期: 2017
    上傳時間: 2017-08-31 12:00:03 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本篇論文結合Shapiro and Stiglitz (1984)與Melitz (2003)探討貿易自由化對臺灣實質工資與失業率的影響。本模型可能存在多個均衡,此時均衡之位置取決於生產者對未來經濟景氣預期的好壞。當模型出現多個均衡時,政府會有政策介入的空間。政府除了透過最低工資政策提升全民福祉,也可以透過補貼政策提升生產者對未來景氣的預期,進而提升全民福利。本模型在貿易自由化後皆會出現兩個均衡,當生產者預期未來景氣轉好,均衡越有可能處於高實質工資與低失業率的狀態。
    The purpose of the study is to find out the influence of trade liberalization on real wage and unemployment rate in Taiwan. Our paper develops a new model that merges Shapiro and Stiglitz (1984) with Melitz (2003). The result of the study is that there are more than one equilibrium in our model, and that the decision of the equilibrium depends on the suppliers’ expectation of future economy. There will also be more than one equilibrium after the trade liberalization so the influence of trade liberalization on real wage and unemployment rate is not clear. It was found that when the suppliers expect the economy will prosper, the equilibrium is more likely to move toward the status of higher real wage and lower unemployment rate. Government can implement minimum wage and subsidy policy to impact suppliers’ expectation and improve people’s welfare.
    參考文獻: Brecher, R. A. (1974). Minimum wage rates and the pure theory of international trade. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 88(1), 98-116.
    Davidson, C., Martin, L., & Matusz, S. (1999). Trade and search generated unemployment. Journal of International Economics, 48(2), 271-299.
    Davis, Donald R., & James Harrigan(2011). Good jobs, bad jobs, and trade liberalization. Journal of international Economics 84(1), 26-36.
    Diamond, P. A. (1982). Aggregate demand management in search equilibrium. Journal of political Economy, 90(5), 881-894.
    Dutt, P., Mitra, D., & Ranjan, P. (2009). International trade and unemployment: Theory and cross-national evidence. Journal of International Economics, 78(1), 32-44.
    Felbermayr, G., Prat, J., & Schmerer, H. J. (2011). Trade and unemployment: What do the data say?. European Economic Review, 55(6), 741-758.
    Helpman, E., & Itskhoki, O. (2010). Labour market rigidities, trade and unemployment. The Review of Economic Studies, 77(3), 1100-1137.
    Leichenko, R., & Silva, J. (2004). International trade, employment and earnings: Evidence from US rural counties. Regional Studies, 38(4), 355-374.
    Matusz, S. J. (1996). International trade, the division of labor, and unemployment. International Economic Review, 37(1), 71-84.
    Melitz, M. J. (2003). The impact of trade on intra‐industry reallocations and aggregate industry productivity. Econometrica, 71(6), 1695-1725.
    Reynolds, B. L. (1987). Trade, employment, and inequality in postreform China. Journal of Comparative Economics, 11(3), 479-489.
    Şener, F. (2001). Schumpeterian unemployment, trade and wages. Journal of International Economics, 54(1), 119-148.
    Shapiro, C., & Stiglitz, J. E. (1984). Equilibrium unemployment as a worker discipline device. The American Economic Review, 74(3), 433-444.
    反補貼調查簡介(2004)。台北市:經濟部國際貿易局。2017年6月15日。取自http://www.trade.gov.tw/Pages/Detail.aspx?nodeID=1370&pid=515933&dl_DateRange=all&txt_SD=&txt_ED=&txt_Keyword=&Pageid=0

    描述: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    國際經營與貿易學系
    104351011
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0104351011
    資料類型: thesis
    顯示於類別:[國際經營與貿易學系 ] 學位論文

    文件中的檔案:

    檔案 大小格式瀏覽次數
    101101.pdf968KbAdobe PDF0檢視/開啟


    在政大典藏中所有的資料項目都受到原著作權保護.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - 回饋