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    政大機構典藏 > 法學院 > 法律學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/112389
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/112389


    Title: 論身心障礙者權利公約中合理調整義務於我國之實踐-兼以美國、歐盟與歐洲人權公約作為借鏡
    Realizing the Duty of Reasonable Accommodation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: In Comparison with the Americans with Disability Act, European Union’s Directive and the European Convention on Human Rights
    Authors: 張晁綱
    Contributors: 孫迺翊
    張晁綱
    Keywords: 身心障礙者權利公約
    身心障礙者權利公約施行法
    身心障礙模式
    平等原則
    合理調整
    Date: 2017
    Issue Date: 2017-08-31 12:16:29 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 身心障礙者權利公約於2006年12月13日經聯合國大會通過,並於2007年3月30日開放各國簽署及批准,期許促進、保護及確保實現身心障礙者人權和基本自由充分、平等享有,並促進對身障者固有尊嚴的尊重。我國長久以來於身心障礙者相關法制僅著重於禁止歧視,缺乏使身心障礙者平等參與社會的努力,亦未以人權概念理解憲法增修條文所定協助身心障礙者自立發展的憲法委託,於2014年立法院通過並施行身心障礙者權利公約施行法後,各界普遍期待藉此公約得實質上促進我國身心障礙者平等參與社會。
    身心障礙者權利公約明白地以無障礙及合理調整作為促進身心障礙者平等參與社會的重要原則,縱使無障礙的落實在我國仍有困難,不過對我國學理而言並不陌生,反觀合理調整不但未見於我國法律體系,亦於學理上罕有討論。本文旨在探討合理調整概念為何並釐清其審查模式,先行回溯合理調整過往落實於美國、歐洲人權公約及歐盟就業平等指令的經驗,再行探討身心障礙者權利公約所揭示的合理調整義務內涵,嘗試藉此規整合理調整的審查模式。最後,本文將嘗試提出在我國脈絡下應如何自立法及解釋等不同途徑落實身心障礙者權利公約意旨的初步建議。
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    Quinn, Gerard & Degener, Theresia, The moral authority for change: human rights values and the worldwide process of disability reform, in HUMAN RIGHTS AND DISABILITY: THE CURRENT USE AND FUTURE POTENTIAL OF UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS INSTRUMENTS IN THE CONTEXT OF DISABILITY 10 (Gerard Quinn & Theresia Degener eds., 2002).
    Quinn, Gerard, & Degener, Theresia, The moral authority for change: human rights values and the worldwide process of disability reform, in HUMAN RIGHTS AND DISABILITY: THE CURRENT USE AND FUTURE POTENTIAL OF UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS INSTRUMENTS IN THE CONTEXT OF DISABILITY 9, 12 (Gerard Quinn & Theresia Degener eds., 2002).
    Quinn, Gerard, The European Social Charter and EU Anti-discrimination Law in the Field of Disability: Two Gravitational Fields with One Common Purpose, in SOCIAL RIGHTS IN EUROPE 279, 279-280 (Gráinne de Búrca & Bruno de Witte eds., 2005).
    Shakespeare, Tom, & Watson, Nick, Beyond Models: Understanding the Complexity of Disabled People’s Lives, in NEW DIRECTIONS IN THE SOCIOLOGY OF CHRONIC AND DISABLING CONDITIONS: ASSAULTS ON THE LIFEWORLD 57, 58 (Graham Scambler & Sasha Scambler eds., 2010).
    Smet, Stijn, The ‘absolute’ prohibition of torture and inhuman or degrading treatment in Article 3 ECHR: Truly a question of scope only?, in SHAPING RIGHTS IN TH ECHR: THE ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN DETERMING THE SCOPE OF HUMAN RIGHTS 273, 273 (Eva Brems & Janneke Gerards eds., 2014).
    Stein, Michael Ashley, & Lord, Janet E., The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, in THE UN CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES: EUROPEAN AND SCANDINAVIAN PERSPECTIVES 17, 25 (Oddný Mjöll Arnardóttir & Genard Quinn eds., 2009).
    Sunstein, Cass R., Cost-Benefit Analysis without Analyzing Costs or Benefits: Reasonable Accommodation, Balancing, and Stigmatic harms, 74 U. CHI. L. REV. 1895, 1908-1909 (2007).
    Thomas, Carol, Disability Theory: Key Ideas, Issues and Thinkers, in DISABILITY STUDIES TODAY 38, 52 (Colin Barnes, Mike Oliver & Len Baton eds., 2002).
    Traustadóttir, Rannveig, Disability Studies, the Social Model and Legal Developments, in THE UN CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES: EUROPEAN AND SCANDINAVIAN PERSPECTIVES 3, (Oddný Mjöll Arnardóttir & Genard Quinn eds., 2009).
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    (三)期刊論文
    Cooper, Jeffrey O., Overcoming Barriers to Employment: The Meaning of Reasonable Accommodation and Undue Hardship in the Americans with Disabilities Act, 139 U. PA. L. REV. 1423, 1423-1468 (1991).
    Colker, Ruth, ADA Title III: A Fragile Compromise, 21 BERKELEY J. EMP. & LAB. L. 377 (2000).
    Emens, Elizabeth F., Integrating Accommodation, 156 U. PA. L. REV. 839, 839-922 (2008).
    Kanter, Arlene S., A Home of One’s Own: The Fair Housing Amendments Act of 1988 and Housing Discrimination Against People with Mental Disabilities, 43 AM. U. L. REV. 925, 925-944 (1994).
    Kanter, Arlene S., The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and its implication for the Rights of Elderly People under International Law, 25 GA. ST. U. L. REV. 527, 527-573 (2009).
    Markey, Elizabeth Keadle, The ADA's Last Stand?: Standing and the Americans with Disabilities Act, 71 FORDHAM L. REV. 185, 185-214 (2002).
    Paradis, Laurence, Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act: Making Programs, Services, and Activities Accessible to all, 14 STAN. L. & POL'Y REV. 389, 389-415 (2003).
    Sunstein, Cass R., Cost-Benefit Analysis without Analyzing Costs or Benefits: Reasonable Accommodation, Balancing, and Stigmatic harms, 74 U. CHI. L. REV. 1895, 1895-1909 (2007).
    Wattington, Lisa, When it is Reasonable for Europeans to be confused: Understanding when a Disability Accommodation is Reasonable from a comparative perspective, 29 COMP. LAB. L. & POL’Y J 317, 317-340 (2008).
    Westen, Peter, The Empty Idea of Equality, 95 HARV. L. REV. 537, 537-596 (1997).
    (四)網路資料
    Anna Lawson, Non Discrimination, Reasonable Accommodation and Accessibility Obligations: Towards a More Unified European Approach? 11 (2010), available at: http://ec.europa.eu/justice/discrimination/files/lawrev11_en.pdf
    European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, Understanding disability as defined by law and the duty to provide reasonable accommodation in European Union Member States, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights 1 (2011), available at: http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:rLf8h5QrpnsJ:fra.europa.eu/sites/default/files/fra_uploads/1797-FRA-2011-Legal-protection-persons-mental-health-problems-report_EN.pdf+&cd=2&hl=zh-TW&ct=clnk&gl=tw.
    Ferri, Delia, & Lawson, Anna, Reasonable accommodation for disabled people in employment: A legal analysis of the situation in EU Member States, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway, European Commission 1 (2016), available at: http://ec.europa.eu/justice/discrimination/files/reasonable_accommodation_in_employment_contexts_final_en.pdf
    Lord, Janet E., & Brown, Rebecca, The Role of Reasonable Accommodation in Securing Substantive Equality for Persons with Disabilities: The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (2010), available at: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1618903.
    Lord, Janet E., & Brown, Rebecca, The Role of Reasonable Accommodation in Securing Substantive Equality for Persons with Disabilities: The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (2010), available at: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1618903.
    Mikola, Orsolya, Reasonable Accommodation and Disability: In comparison with the regulations of the UN Convention on the Rights of Disabilities, The Americans with Disabilities act, and The European Union’s Regulation (Central European University, 2015), available at: https://www.etd.ceu.hu/2015/mikola_orsolya.pdf
    Rachel Chambers, Non Discrimination, Reasonable Accommodation and the Burden of Proof in Disability Proceedings for Equal Treatment in Employment under EU Law: Definition, Scope, Interpretation and the Impact of the UNCRPD 1 (2012), available at: http://www.era-comm.eu/UNCRPD/kiosk/speakers_contributions/412DV01/Chambers_paper.pdf
    Śledzińska Simon, Anna, Lack of provision of reasonable accommodation as a form of discrimination against disabled persons (2013), available at: http://www.europapraw.org/files/2013/01/Lack-of-provision-of-reasonable-accommodation-as-a-form-of-discrimination-against-disabled-persons.pdf
    Waddington, Lisa & Lawson, Anna, Disability and non-discrimination law in the European Union: An Analysis of Disability Discrimination Law Within and Beyond the Employment, Field,Publications Office of the European Union 1 (2010), available at: http://ec.europa.eu/social/BlobServlet?docId=6154&langId=en
    Waddington, Lisa, Implementing and Interpreting the Reasonable Accommodation Provision of the Framework Employment Directive: Learning from Experience and Achieving Best Practice (2004), available at: http://www.pedz.uni-mannheim.de/daten/edz-ath/gdem/04/reasonaccom.pdf
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    法律學系
    102651045
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0102651045
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[法律學系] 學位論文

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