|Reference: ||王永慈.，2005， 〈臺灣的貧窮問題: 相關研究的檢視〉。. 《臺大社會工作學刊》10：1-54. |
王佳煌、 李俊豪，2013，〈臺北都會區居住模式之研究 (1980-2010): 隔離, 分殊, 群聚或階層?〉。 《都市與計劃》40(4)：325-354.
Barnes, Sandra L., 2003, “ Determinants of Individual Neighborhood Ties and Social Resources in Poor Urban Neighborhoods. ” Sociological spectrum, 23(4), 463-497.
Behtoui, Alireza, 2007, "The Distribution and Return of Social Capital: Evidence from Sweden." European Societies 9(3): 383-407.
Behtoui, A.and Neergaard, A., 2010, "Social Capital and Wage Disadvantages among Immigrant Workers. " Work, Employment and Society 24(4):761-779.
Bian, Y., 1997, "Bringing Strong Ties Back In: Indirect Ties, Network Bridges, and Job Searches in China. " American Sociological Review 62(3)：366-385.
Bian, Y. and Ang, S, 1997, " Guanxi networks and job mobility in China and Singapore. " Social Forces 75(3)：981-1005.
Boardman, J. D., Finch, B. K., Ellison, C. G., Williams, D. R., and Jackson, J. S.,2001, “Neighborhood Disadvantage, Stress, and Drug Use among Adults. ” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 42(2):151-165.
Booth, Charles, 1889, Life and Labor of the People of London. London: MacMillan.
Brody, G. H., Conger, R., Gibbons, F. X., Ge, X., McBride Murry, V., Gerrard, M., and Simons, R. L.,2001, “The Influence of Neighborhood Disadvantage, Collective Socialization, and Parenting on African American Children's Affiliation with Deviant peers. ” Child Development 72(4): 1231-1246.
Browning, C. R., and Cagney, K. A.,2002, “Neighborhood Structural Disadvantage, Collective Efficacy, and Self-rated Physical Health in an Urban Setting. ” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 43(4): 383-399.
Bursik, R. J., 1988, “ Social Disorganization and Theories of Crime and Delinquency: Problems and Prospects”. Criminology, 26(4), 519-552.
Burt, Ronald S., 1992, Structural Holes : The Social Structure of Competition.Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press.
Burt, Ronald S., Robin M. Hogarth, and Claude Michaud, 2000, “ The Social Capitalof French and American Managers. ” Organization Science 11(2):123-147.
Campbell, K. E., Marsden, P. V., and Hurlbert, J. S, 1986, “ Social Resources and Socioeconomic Status. ” Social Networks 8(1): 97-117.
Castell, Manuel, 1977, The Urban Question: A Maxist Approach. London: Edward Arnold.
Chen, Chih-Jou Jay, 2009, “ The Distribution and Return of Social Capital in Taiwan.” Pp. 193-215 in Contexts of Social Capital: Social Networks in Markets, Communities and Families, edited by Ray-May Hsung, Nan Lin and Ronald L.Breiger. New York: Routledge.
Chen, Y., and Volker, B., 2016, “Social Capital and Homophily Both Matter for Labor Market Outcomes–Evidence from Replication and Extension. ” Social Networks 45:18-31.
De Graaf, N. D., and Flap, H. D.,1988, “With a Little Help from My Friends”: Social Resources as an Explanation of Occupational Status and Income in West Germany, The Netherlands, and the United States. ” Social Forces 67(2): 452-472.
Elliott, J. R., 1999, “Social Isolation and Labor Market Insulation. ” The Sociological Quarterly, 40(2), 199-216.
England, K. V., 1995, “Girls in the Office: Recruiting and Job Search in a Local Clerical Labor Market. ” Environment and Planning A 27(12): 1995-2018.
Erickson, Bonnie H., 2001, “ Good Networks and Good Jobs: The Value of Social Capital to Employers and Employees. ” Pp. 127-158 in Social Capital: Theory and Research, edited by Nan Lin, Cook S. Karen, and Ronald S. Burt. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.
Erickson, Bonnie H., 2009,“ The Context Challenge: Generalizing Social Capita Processes Across Two Different Settings. ” Pp. 93-114 in Contexts of Social Capital: Social Networks in Markets, Communities and Families, edited by Ray-May Hsung, Nan Lin and Ronald L. Breiger. New York: Routledge.
Feldman, D. C., and Ng, T. W., 2007, “ Careers: Mobility, Embeddedness, and Success. ” Journal of Management 33(3): 350-377.
Fernandez, Roberto M. and David Harris, 1992, “ Social Isolation and the Underclass.” Pp. 257-293 in Drugs, Crime, and Social Distress: Barriers to Urban Opportunity , edited by Adele Harrell and George Peterson. Washington, D.C.:The Urban Institute Press.
Fischer, C. S., 1971, “ A Research Note on Urbanism and Tolerance. ” American Journal of Sociology 76(5) :847-856
Fischer, C. S., 1975, “Toward a Subculture Theory of Urbanism. ” American Journal of Sociology 80(6): 1319-1341
Fischer, C. S., 1976, The Urban Experience. New York : Harcourt Brace Jovanovich
Fischer, C. S., 1981, “Public and Private Worlds of City Life. ” American SociologicalReview. 46(3) :306-316
Fischer, C. S., 1982, To Dwell among Friends. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press.
Flap Henk and Ed Boxman, 2001, “ Getting Started: The Influence of Social Capitalon the Start of the Occupational Career. ” Pp. 159-181 in Social Capital: Theoryand Research, edited by Nan Lin, Cook S. Karen, and Ronald S. Burt. New York:Aldine de Gruyter.
Ganzeboom, Harry B. G. and Treiman Donald J., 1996, “ International ComparableMeasures of Occupational Status for the 1988 International Standard Classification of Occupations.” Social Science Research 25: 201-239.
Granovetter, Mark S., 1973, “ The Strength of Weak Ties. ” American Journal of Sociology 78(6): 1360-1380.
Granovetter, Mark S., 1974, Getting a Job: A Study of Contact and Careers. Cambridge: Harvard UniversityPress
Granovetter, Mark S., 1983, “ The Strength of Weak Ties: A Network Theory Revisited. Sociological theory, 201-233.
Greer, S., 1962, The Emerging City: Myth and Reality. NY: Free Press.
Guerry, A. M., 1833, Essay on the moral statistics of France. Paris: l'Academie des Sciences.
Haines, Valerie A., John J. Beggs and Jeanne S. Hurlbert, 2011, “Neighborhood Disadvantage, Network Social Capital, and Depressive Symptoms . ” Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 52(1), 58-73.
Harvey David, 1973, Social Justice and the City. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Heckman, James J., 1979, “ Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error. ” Econometrica 47: 153-161.
Hanson, S, 2009, “ Changing Places through Women's Entrepreneurship. ” Economic Geography 85(3): 245-267.
Hsung, Ray-May and Ronald L. Breiger, 2009, “ Position Generators, Affiliations, and the Institutional Logics of Social Capital: A Study of Taiwan Firms and Individuals. ” Pp. 3-27 in Contexts of Social Capital: Social Networks in Markets, Communities and Families, edited by Ray-May Hsung, Nan Lin and Ronald L. Breiger. New York: Routledge.
Huckfeldt, R. Robert, 1983, “ Social Contexts, Social Networks, and Urban Neighborhoods: Environmental Constraints on Friendship Choice. ” AmericanJournal of Sociology 89(3): 651-669.
Hurlbert, Jeanne S., John J. Beggs and Valerie A. Haines, 2001, “ Social Networks and Social Capital in Extreme Environments. ” Pp. 209-231 in Social Capital: Theory and Research, edited by Nan Lin, Cook S. Karen, and Ronald S. Burt.New York: Aldine de Gruyter.
Hurlbert, Jeanne S., John J. Beggs and Valerie A. Haines, 2009, “ Distinctiveness and Disadvantage Among the Urban Poor. ” Pp. 244-273 in Contexts of Social Capital: Social Networks in Markets, Communities and Families, edited by Ray-May Hsung, Nan Lin and Ronald L. Breiger. New York: Routledge.
Hunter, A., 1971, “The Ecology of Chicago: Persistence and Change, 1930-1960. ” American Journal of Sociology 77(3):425-444
Hunter, A, 1974, “ Community Change: A Stochastic Analysis of Chicago's Local Communities 1930-60. ” American Journal of Sociology 79(4): 923-947.
Hunter, A. 1974b. Symbolic Communities. Chicago: Chicago University Press
Hunter, A., 1975, “ The Loss of Community: An Empirical Test through Replication.” American Sociological Review 40(5) :537-552.
James, E. H., 2000, “Race-Related Differences in Promotions and Support: Underlying Effects of Human and Social Capital. ” Organization Science 11(5): 493-508.
Lai, Gina, Nan Lin and Leung Shu-Yin, 1998, “ Network Resources and ContactResources: Structural and Action Effects of Social Resources.” Social Networks20: 159-178.
Lazarsfeld, P. F., & Merton, R. K.,1954, “ Friendship as a Social Process: A Substantive and Methodological Analysis. ” Freedom and Control in Modern Society 18(1): 18-66.
Liaw, Kao-Lee, Ji-Ping Lin and William H. Fregy, 1998, “ Impacts of Low-Skilled American in the United States: An Assessment in Multivariate Context. ” Journal of Population Studies 23: 5-24.
Lindsay Hamm and Steve McDonald, 2015, “ Helping Hands: Race, Neighborhood Context, and Reluctance in Providing Job-Finding Assistance.” The SociologicalQuarterly 56(3): 539-557.
Lin, N., Dayton, P. W., and Greenwald, P., 1978, “ Analyzing the Instrumental Use of Relations in the Context of Social Structure. ” Sociological Methods & Research 7(2):149-166.
Lin, Nan, John C. Vaughn and Walter M. Ensel, 1981, “Social Resources and Status Attainment.” Social Forces 20: 1163-1181.
Lin, Nan, Walter M. Ensel and John C. Vaughn, 1981, “Social Resources and Strengthof Ties: Structural Factors in Occupational Status Attainment.” AmericanSociological Review, 46, 393-405.
Lin, Nan and Marry Dumin, 1986, “ Access to Occupations Through Social Ties.”Social Networks 8: 365-385.
Lin, N., 1990, “Social Resources and Social Mobility: A Structural Theory of Status Attainment. ” Pp.247-271 in Social Mobility and Social Structure. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Lin, Nan, 1999a, “ Building a Network Theory of Social Capital.” Connections 22: 28 -51.
Lin, Nan, 1999b, “ Social Networks and Status Attainment.” Annual Review of Sociology 25: 467-488.
Lin, Nan, 2001a, Social Capital: A Theory of Social Structure And Action. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Lin, Nan, 2001b, “ Building a Network Theory of Social Capital.” Pp. 3-29 in Social Capital: Theory and Research, edited by Nan Lin, Cook S. Karen, and Ronald S. Burt. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.
Lin, Nan, Yang-Chih Fu, and Ray-May Hsung, 2001, “ The Position Generator:Measurement Techniques for Investigations of Social Capital.” Pp. 3-29 in Social Capital: Theory and Research, edited by Nan Lin, Cook S. Karen, and Ronald S.Burt. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.
Lin, Nan, 2008, “ A Network Theory of Social Capital.” Pp. 50-69 in The Handbook of Social Capital, edited by Dario Castiglione, Jan W. van Deth, and Guglielmo Wolleb. New York: Oxford University Press.
Lin, Nan, Dan Ao, and Lijun Song, 2009, “ Production and Returns of Social Capital: Evidence from Urban China.” Pp. 163-192 in Contexts of Social Capital: SocialNetworks in Markets, Communities and Families, edited by Ray-May Hsung, Nan Lin and Ronald L. Breiger. New York: Routledge.
Logan, John, R. and Molotch, Harvey, 1987, Urban Fortunes: the Political Economy of Place. Berkeley: University of California.
Marsden, P. V., & Hurlbert, J. S., 1988, “Social Resources and Mobility Outcomes: A Replication and Extension. ” Social Forces 66(4): 1038-1059.
Massey, D. S.and Denton, N. A., 1993, American apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass. Harvard University Press.
Mayhew, H., 1861, London Labour and the London Poor: The Condition and Earnings of Those that Will Work, Cannot Work, and Will Not Work. London: C. Griffin and Company.
McPherson Miller, Lynn Smith-Lovin, and James M Cook, 2001, “ Birds of Feather: Homophily in Social Networks. ” Annual Review of Sociology 27(1):415-444.
Mouw, Ted, 2003, “ Social Capital and Finding a Job: Do Contact Matter?. ”American Sociological Review 68(6): 868-898.
Park, Robert, E. and Ernest Burgess, 1925, The City: Suggestions for Investigation of Human Behavior in the Urban Environment. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Park, R. A., 1952, Human Communities. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.
Pinkster, Fenne M., 2007, “ Localised Social Networks, Socialisation, and Social Mobility in a Low-Income Neighborhood in the Netherlands. ” Urban Studies 44(13): 2587-2603.
Pinkster, Fenne, 2009, “ Neighborhood-Based Networks, Social Resources, and Labor Participation in Two Dutch Neighborhoods. ” Journal of Urban Affairs 31(2): 213-231.
Pinkster, Fenne M. and Beate Völker, 2009, “Local Social Networks and Social Resources in Two Dutch Neighbourhoods. ” House Studies 24: 225-242.
Podolny, J. M., and Baron, J. N., 1997, “ Resources and Relationships: Social Networks and Mobility in the Workplace. ” American Sociological Review 62(5): 673-693.
Quetelet, Adolephe,  1969, A Treatise on Man and the Development of His Faculties. Edinburgh: William and Robert Chambers.
Rankin, Bruce H., and James M. Quane, 2000, "Neighborhood Poverty and the Social Isolation of Inner-City African American Families." Social Forces 79(1): 139-164.
Raudenbush, Stephen W., and Anthony S. Bryk, 2002, Hierarchical Linear Models: Applications and Data Analysis Methods . Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Rawson, R. W., 1839, “An Inquiry into the Statistics of Crime in England and Wales. ” Journal of the Statistical Society of London 2:316-344.
Robins, J. M., 1999, “ Association, Causation, and Marginal Structural Models. ” Synthese 121(1): 151-179.
Sampson, R. J., 2012, Great American City: Chicago and the Enduring NeighborhoodEffect. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Sampson, R. J., Morenoff, J. D., and Gannon-Rowley, T., 2002, “ Assessing “Neighborhood Effects”: Social Processes and New Directions in Research. ” Annual review of sociology 28(1): 443-478.
Sampson, R. J., Raudenbush, S. W., and Earls, F., 1997, “ Neighborhoods and Violent Crime: A Multilevel Study of Collective Efficacy. ” Science 277(5328): 918-924.
Schutjens, V., and Völker, B.,2010, “ Space and Social Capital: The Degree of Locality in Entrepreneurs' Contact and its Consequences for Firm Success. ” European Planning Studies 18(6): 941-963.
Schwirian, K. P., 1983, “ Models of Neighborhood Change.” Annual Review of Sociology 9(1): 83-102.
Shaw, C.and McKay, H. D., 1942, Juvenile Delinquency and Urban Areas. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Shevky, E. and Bell, W., 1955, Social Area Analysis; Theory, Illustrative Application and Computational Procedures. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Smith, Sandra S., 2000, “ Mobilizing Social Resources: Race, Ethnic, and Gender Differences in Social Capital and Persisting Wage Inequalities. ” The Sociological Quarterly 41(4)：509-537.
Smith, Sandra S., 2003, “ Exploring the Efficacy of African-Americans’ Job Referral Networks: A Study of the Obligations of Exchange around Job Information andInfluence. ” Ethnic & Racial Studies 26(6): 1029-1045.
Smith, Sandra S., 2005, “ Don't Put My Name on it：Social Capital Activation andJob-Finding Assistance among the Black Urban Poor. ” American Journal of Sociology 111(1): 1-57.
Smith, Sandra S., 2008, “ A Question of Access or Mobilization? Understanding Inefficacious Job Referral Networks among the Urban Poor. ” Pp.157-181 in Social Capital: An International Research Program, edited by Nan Lin and Bonnie Erickson. New York : Oxford University Press.
Smith, Sandra S., 2016, “ Job-Finding among the Poor Do Social Ties Matter?. ” Pp. 438-461 in The Oxford Handbook of the Social Science of Poverty, edited by David Brady and Linda M. Barton. New York: Oxford University Press.
Suttles, G.,1972, The Social Construction of Communities. Chicago: University ofChicago Press
South, S. J., and Baumer, E. P., 2001, “Community Effects on the Resolution of Adolescent Premarital Pregnancy. ” Journal of Family Issues 22(8): 1025-1043.
Tigges, Leann M., Irene Browne, and Gary P. Green, 1998, “ Social Isolation of the Urban Poor: Race, Class, and Neighborhood Effects on Social Resources. ” TheSociological Quarterly 39(1): 53-77.
Van de Ven, W. P., and Van Praag, B. M., 1981, “The Demand for Deductibles in Private Health Insurance: A Probit Model with Sample Selection.” Journal of Econometrics 17(2): 229-252.
van Eijk, Gwen, 2010a, “ Sociospatial Isolation and Network Poverty. ” Pp.89-121 in Unequal Networks: Spatial Segregation, Relationships and Iinequality in the City. Delft, Netherlands : Delft University Press.
Van Eijk, G., 2010b, “ Does Living in A Poor Neighbourhood Result in Network Poverty? A Study on Local Networks, Locality-Based Relationships and Neighbourhood Settings. ”Journal of Housing and the Built Environment 25(4):467-480.
Völker, Beate, and Henk Flap, 1999, “ Getting Ahead in the GDR Social Capital and Status Attainment under Communism." Acta Sociologica 42(1 ): 17-34.
Waters, R. and Lawton Smith, H., 2008, “ Social Networks in High-Technology Local Economies: the Cases of Oxfordshire and Cambridgeshire. ” European Urban and Regional Studies, 15(1), 21-37.
Wen, M., Browning, C. R., and Cagney, K. A., 2003, “ Poverty, Affluence, and Income Inequality: Neighborhood Economic Structure and Its Implications for Health. ” Social Science & Medicine 57(5): 843-860.
Whyte, W. F., 1943, Street Corner Society; the Social Structure of an Italian Slum. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Wilson, Williams J., 1987, The Truly Disadvantaged: The Inner City, the Underclass, and Public Policy. Chicago, ILL: University of Chicago Press.
Wirth, L, 1938, “ Urbanism as A Way of Life. ” American Journal of Sociology 44(1): 1-24
Wegener, B., 1991, “Job Mobility and Social Ties: Social Resources, Prior Job, and Status Attainment. ” American Sociological Review 56(1):60-71.
Yakubovich, Valery. , 2005, “ Weak Ties, Information, and Influence: How Workers Find Jobs in a Local Russian Labor Market. ” American Sociological Review 70(3): 408-421.