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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/114336

    Title: 影響原住民政策利益分配的因素:族群代表或選舉競爭?
    The Determinants of the Distribution of Indigenous Grants in Taiwan: Ethnic Minority Representation or Electoral Competition?
    Authors: 羅清俊
    Luor, Ching-Jyuhn
    Keywords: 分配政策;少數族群;原住民立法委員;原住民立法委員選舉制度;族群代表
    distributive policy;minority;indigenous legislators;indigenous legislative electoral system;minority representation
    Date: 2009-11
    Issue Date: 2017-11-02 16:14:53 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 透過統計分析,本文發現,第一,原住民立委並沒有特別利用爭取補助款來照顧自己的族群,反而會關心與自己不同族的原住民。雖然如此,但是與原住民立委相同族群的原住民,仍然能獲得基本的補助款額度。第二,原住民立委選舉相關的政治因素是影響原住民補助款分配的重要因素。這些發現隱含著目前原住民立委選舉制度大致上仍能均衡各族群的發展。最後,本文基於研究發現,討論現行原住民選舉制度對大族與小族發展的影響,並提出未來進行原住民選舉、族群代表與政策利益關係研究的方向。
    Based on the minority representation and distributive theories, the present study investigates whether the distribution of indigenous grants in Taiwan is determined by ethnic representation in the Legislative Yuan or electoral factors.
    By intuition, ethnicity-laden consideration might be the most important one in deciding the distribution of indigenous people-related benefits, in the sense that the ethnic groups represented more by the same ethnic legislators in the Legislative Yuan tend to receive more benefit than otherwise. However, statistical results in this paper show that indigenous legislators are not likely reaping disproportionate largess for the areas where their own ethnic groups account for most of the indigenous population. They care even more on others. Why? Maybe the legislators believe that simply asking votes by ethnic identification is enough so that pouring more benefits for their ethnic groups may not increase the marginal utility of the votes. They probably need extra votes from other ethnic groups for electoral safety. In addition, the statistical finding shows that disproportionate benefit goes to the higher turn-out rate areas, electoral competitive areas, and the areas where most indigenous legislators' votes are concentrated, indicating that indigenous legislators' electoral concern are more important than the ethnic one.
    This paper has implications on the design of electoral system of indigenous legislators in Taiwan. For those who worry that current electoral system of indigenous legislators leads to the disadvantaged position of minority groups among indigenous people, the evidences provided in this paper possibly alleviate their anxieties.
    Relation: 選舉研究 , 16(2) , 167-207
    Data Type: article
    DOI 連結: http://dx.doi.org/10.6612%2ftjes.2009.16.02.167-207
    DOI: 10.6612/tjes.2009.16.02.167-207
    Appears in Collections:[選舉研究 TSSCI] 期刊論文

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