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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/114490

    Title: 日本眾議院議員新選舉制度及其政治效應-以1996年選舉為例
    The New Electoral System and Its Political Consequences in Japan-The 1996 Election of the House of Representatives
    Authors: 謝相慶
    Hsieh, Shine-Ching
    Keywords: 不比例性;選舉制度;有效政黨數;派閥;政黨體系;惜敗率;政治效應;比例代表制;小選舉區制;分裂投票;小選舉區比例代表並立制
    disproportionality;electoral system;effective number of parties;fraction;party system;percentage of failure / win ballot;poli tical consequences;proportional representation;single-member district;single-member district & PR party lists parallel system;splite-voting
    Date: 1999-11
    Issue Date: 2017-11-08 11:33:44 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 日本國會眾議院議員選舉制度,原採用「單記非移讓式投票法」,亦即中選舉區比較多數當選制。1988年以來日本一連串的腐化醜聞,要求政治改革的呼聲不斷,終於1994年1月日本國會通過將中選區制改為「小選區比例代表並立制」。本文將描述改革過程,並介紹新選舉制度。1996年10月20日日本眾議院議員選舉,首次採用「小選區比例代表並立制」。本文將描述此次選舉實況,並分析其所造成的政治效應。本文研究1996年選舉結果驗證:(1)日本新選舉制度的設計,對自民黨最有利。(2)新選舉制度並未能達到改善金權政治體質,以及導向政黨與政策本位的選舉競爭之預期改革目標。
    The Japanese electoral system had adopted the single non-transferable vote (SNTV). Under SNTV, three to five members were elected from each constituency based on a plurality of votes. However, a series of corruption scandals since 1988 in Japan had damaged confidence in political system. As a result, Diet passed new measures transforming the middle-size district system into a mixed-member system in January 1994, combining single-member district & PR party lists. This article introduces the reform process and the new electoral system.It was the first time that Japanese House of Representatives adopted the single-member district & PR party lists parallel system on October 20, 1996. The article is intended to describe the electoral process and analyze its political consequences.The preliminary conclusions of the study are:(1) The new electoral system in Japan is of great advantage to LDP.(2) The new electoral system didn't correct the 'money politics' and transform the electoral competition from candidate-oriented to party and policy-oriented in Japan.
    Relation: 選舉研究 , 6(2) , 45-87
    Data Type: article
    DOI 連結: http://dx.doi.org/10.6612%2ftjes.1999.06.02.45-87
    DOI: 10.6612/tjes.1999.06.02.45-87
    Appears in Collections:[選舉研究 TSSCI] 期刊論文

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