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    題名: 劣勢創新:企業與城市於制約中的資源隨創
    作者: 蕭瑞麟
    貢獻者: 科技管理與智慧財產研究所
    關鍵詞: 隨創;劣勢創新;資源建構;資源轉換;時機辨識;角色轉換
    bricolage;adversary innovation;resource construction;resource conversion;opportunity identification;role transformation.
    日期: 2013
    上傳時間: 2017-12-05 16:34:54 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 隨創理論(bricolage theory)闡釋創業者如何於資源匱乏中,以隨機應變的能力解除制約。隨創的主旨便是轉化制約為創新的來源,藉以發展出新產品、新服務或新解決方案。過去的研究著重於分析創業者如何就地取材、將就著用、重組資源以回應制約。然而,這些研究卻忽略,隨創並不單是重新拼湊資源,更要了解弱勢者如何能於社會脈絡中巧妙建構資源以回應制約。據此,本研究分析弱勢者如何透過轉換資源、辨識時機、轉換角色,以重新建構資源的價值。本研究分析一系列案例,於報告中呈現五個核心案例,藉以說明弱勢者在劣勢下如何展現隨創行為,將制約扭轉為解決方案,促成劣勢創新的成果。在理論上,本文解讀各種隨創行為,點出弱勢者如何回應強勢者,以及弱勢者如何槓桿強勢者的資源,以便在劣勢中創新。在實務上,本研究說明弱勢者如何運用隨創手法,更有彈性的回應制約,以時機辨識與角色轉換以巧取資源。隨創,可以幫助弱勢者將阻力轉化為創新助力,於劣勢中創新。
    The theory of bricolage analyses how entrepreneurs may improvise solutions to resolve constraints with scare resources. The essence of bricolage is to translate constraints into sources of innovation so as to develop new products, new services or new solutions. Previous studies have examined how entrepreneurs may innovate by using resources at hand, making-do with resources, and recombining resources to cope with constraints. However, these studies neglect that effective bricolage may be achieved not only through recombination of resources but also through how low-power actors may construct resources socially in response to constraints. Especially, this study analyses how low-power actors may convert resoruces, identify opportunities and transform their roles in order to reconstruct a resource’s value. This research investigates a series of case studies, while highlighting five core cases in this final report, and examines how low-power actors demonstrates bricolage behavior to turn constraints into creative solutions, promoting innovation under adversities. Theoretically, this article interprets bricolage behaviors by showing how an entrepreneur acts according to circumstances, how a low-power actor interacts with high-power actors, and how high-power actors’ resources may be leveraged. In practice, our findings suggest that low-power actors may exercise bricolage and become more resilient in the face of constraints through identifying windows of opportunities and role transformation to leverage resources. Bricolage could assist low-power actors and turn constraints into creative vantage, thereby innovating under disadvantages.
    關聯: 執行起迄:2013/08/01~2016/07/31
    102-2410-H-004-153-MY3.pdf
    資料類型: report
    顯示於類別:[科技管理與智慧財產研究所] 國科會研究計畫

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