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Malaysia;Sacred Teaching;Taoism;integration of religious and secular festivals;festival customs
|Issue Date: ||2017-12-22 14:53:59 (UTC+8)|
The reserach focuses on the religious phenomena related to the Chinese in Malaysia, based on their religious festival customs, and compares them to Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao to reveal a multi-ethnic and multi-religious culture, stimulated by the tendency of “integration of religious and secular festivals” which results from the equally high participation of both Buddhists and Taoists in these festival customs. The relocation incident in Malacca and Yishan in Kuala Lumpur, the ancestral worship in Pulau Pinang all emphasize the nature of “the sacred teaching” and display a context as sacred acts. The book also compares the celestial inspection tours of the gods on earth and the Nine Emperors, the Immortal Masters and the Earth gods of both Chinese and foreigners, all embodying “the transfer of concepts”, with the latter comparison owing its popularity to its nature as a festival. On site of the temples, which transcend geographical and blood relations, these developed into the Nine Emperors Festival and the Fude Cultural Festival after the establishment of the Malaysian state and the concentration of the Chinese people on its territory. Finally, Chinese people are skilled at using well the “art of unity” to organize religious groups. On a small scale, this means uniting neighborhoods and temples to support their religions; on a large scale, it includes the Taoist Association, which uses Taoism to unify the temples, and prompts the National Registration Department to alter the section related to religion by including in it the “Taoism” option. Using all these facts, which highlight the evolution from sacred teaching to Taoism, the book argues that for the Chinese people, who need urgently a sense of belonging to a group, the festival customs are both a way to become more cohesive internally and to be recognized by the outside world. This argument is a new point in the scholarly field of the Southeast Asian studies.
|Data Type: ||report|
|Appears in Collections:||[中國文學系] 國科會研究計畫|
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