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    Title: 從財經犯罪特質省思刑法對應手段
    Authors: 李聖傑
    Contributors: 法律學系
    Keywords: 財經犯罪;例外狀態;沒收;利得沒收;擴大沒收;法益;洗錢;揭弊者;不作為犯
    Finance Crime;State of Exception;Confiscation;Confiscation of Proceeds;Expansion of Confiscation of Proceeds;Legal Interest;Money Laundering;Whistleblower;Omission Offences
    Date: 2016
    Issue Date: 2017-12-22 17:15:41 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究考量到現今社會面臨的公權力弱化,而企業控制力增強之情況,因此欲探究在傳統刑事法原則外,是否尚有財經刑法存在的特殊空間。從而本研究分別就刑法內部觀點,論證財經刑法涉及的規範對象,已經由於社會經濟條件的變遷,而具備相對於傳統刑法的特殊性;並從外部政策觀點,說明財經刑法作為傳統刑法原則秩序的例外狀態,在民主正當性和法治國比例原則的支撐下,亦具正當性。 從而本文認為在立法政策上,財經刑法應透過特殊手段對應財經犯罪。首先法益保護原則應做調整,跳脫傳統個人法益出發的思維,轉而以公共利益為標準。2016年洗錢罪的修正即是適例;接著就事後犯罪利益的剝奪而言,我國2015年的沒收制度修正和2016年洗錢防制法的擴大沒收制度亦為有效手段。而為對應集團化、隱密化的財經犯罪,鼓勵內部知悉不法情事者出面揭弊,2017年廉政署提出的揭弊者保護法草案亦極有助益。 期待本研究提出的方向,在當今「私權官僚」儼然已支配社會秩序的當下,能夠使刑事立法政策上有效發展財經刑法回復正當財產分配秩序。
    The study has observed the current situation of weakening public power, and the increase in corporate control in the society, and attempts to examinate whether there is a special space for financial criminal law, out of the traditional criminal law principles. The study points out that from the inner point of view of criminal law system, the normative object of financial criminal law has the specificity other than traditional criminal law because of the change of social and economic conditions; and from the external point of view of policy, it shows that the financial criminal law is the state of exception, from the order of traditional criminal law , and is also justified under the support of democratic legitimacy and the Proportionality principle from rule of law. Therefore, the study argues that in the legislative policy, financial criminal law should take special measures to deal with financial crime. First, the principle of legal interest protection should be adjusted to replace the traditional personal legal interests of thinking, with the public interest as the standard. The correction of the confiscation system in "Criminal Code of the Republic of China" in 2015 and the "expansion of the confiscation of proceeds" in the "Money Laundering Control Act" in 2016 are also effective measures. And to deal with the sly group of financial crime, to encourage internal awareness people of the unlawfuls to expose the crimes is an important measure. in 2017, the Agency Against Corruption proposed the draft of the "Protection of the Whistleblower Act" is also very helpful againt financial crimes. The study looking forward that, from the guidelines proposed in this study, in today's "private bureaucratic" dominated society, the criminal legislation can effectively develop the financial criminal law and take back the proper order of property distribution.
    Relation: 執行起迄:2016/08/01~2017/07/31
    105-2410-H-004-045
    Data Type: report
    Appears in Collections:[法律學系] 國科會研究計畫

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