本計畫將從歷史人類學的研究方法與視野，探討青海撒拉族歷史意識的建構與認同的多樣性，並聚焦在族群溯源、教派衝突與異群觀等三個面向上。其中的研究取向包括︰一、傳說中撒拉族先祖尕勒莽和阿合莽兩兄弟，自中亞撒馬爾罕遷徙至循化，並產生「駱駝泉」族源象徵意義的歷史記憶，以及當代循化重建主題公園式的「駱駝泉」景點、活動所帶動的族群認同建構的內涵及其影響；二、教派意識的多樣性與內部異群觀的形成與變遷，包括嘎的忍耶系的文泉堂、撒拉教蘇非派門宦等「老教」與依赫瓦尼現代改革主義「新教」勢力間近一個世紀以來的對立關係，在當代隨著社會經濟的快速發展與人際網絡更趨複雜的前提下，觀察並分析傳統教派內部我群意識產生凝聚或游移鬆動的相關因素；三、從歷史記憶再現、教派變遷與社會文化適應的角度，進行當代卡力崗「藏語穆斯林」的民族志書寫，來呈現撒拉族族群溯源研究的多元意義。其中亦關注「回族」、「撒拉族」與「藏族」等當代法定少數民族身份對於「藏語穆斯林」自我認同所產生的衝擊效應。 The main purposes of this project concentrate on the construction of historical consciousness and diversity in ethnic identity of ethnic Salars in modern Xunhua, Qinghai. The author tries to use the research methods that are focused on viewpoint and approaches of historical anthropology. It’s obviously that there are three substantial aspects should be mentioned in this project. First, the ancestral legend of two brothers whom migrated from Central Asia to eastern Qinghai several hundred years ago that had created the core of ethnogenesis of modern Salars. According to this story the legendary locality of the “Camel Spring”, now not only has become a typical theme park of local Salars, but also creates the basic ethnic identity of their own. In fact, the Salars is the only case who has such unique exotic ancestral legend and the memory of Diaspora among Muslim ethnic groups of China. Second, the diversity of Islamic sectarianism between the “Old Teaching” of Qadim, Sufism Orders and the “New Teaching” of modernist Ikwan that has being shaped many different ways of internal identity among the local Salar communities. Recently, due to the reasons of rapid social and economic changes, this traditional concept of “image of others” which based on sectarian antagonism is seemingly presented more and more sophisticated. Third, try to accomplish the ethnographic studies of Tibetan-speaking Muslims in Kaligang area. By way of this specific case, eventually could emphasize the ambiguous status of modern “minzu paradigm” for Hui, Salar and Tibetan that formed by PRC’s policies of ethnic identification. In the other hands, some historical memories and legends about the change of Islamic sects also present a special pattern of controversial ethnic identity among local Salar communities in Kaligang area.