本計畫已正式發表期刊論文8篇。本結案報告，主要呈現其中一篇期刊論文--因該篇與當前一重要教育政策關係較大，研究結果期能提供參考。 目的：本研究調查台灣的大學入學「繁星政策」是否能夠實現促進教育公平的主要目的。這個政策由政府執行，使用學生的校內排名，把高水平的學生錄取到一流的大學或院系(主要是醫學系)。 方法：本研究使用來自政府、大學、高中和新聞報導的公開數據。定義「受益於繁星政策」為：相較於實施前一年的沒有學生進入醫學系，某高中於政策實施的第一年有學生進入醫學系。使用卡方檢驗和logistic回歸來考驗受益狀態如何與學校類型和地區產生交互作用。 發現：結果顯示「繁星政策」惠及25所高中，包括9所「社區」公立學校（是指不是地區最高成績的高中）和16所掙扎中的私立學校（特別是職業學校）。與預期相反的，以學校或學生為單位，相較於公立學校，私立學校為三倍或七倍受益於繁星政策；弱勢地區的學校沒有受益。 獨創性/價值：繁星政策是中央制定並以學校為單位的獨特設計，此設計的確在某些層面增加教育公平性，但並非有利於尋求進入醫學系的弱勢學生。 Purpose. This study investigated whether Taiwan’s ‘Stars Policy’ for university admission can fulfill its major aim to promote educational equity. Implemented by the government, the policy relies on student within-school ranks to admit high achievers to top universities or departments, mainly in medicine. Methodology. Open data were collected from the government, universities, high schools, and news reports. High schools were identified as having benefited from the Stars Policy if more students were accepted into medical departments in the first year of the policy than one year before its implementation. Chi-square tests and logistic regression were used to examine how the benefit status interacted with school types and regions. Findings. The results indicated that the Stars Policy benefited 25 high schools, namely, 9 community public schools (not top achieving in a region) and 16 struggling private schools (especially vocational). Contrary to expectations, private schools were three times as likely and private schools seven times as likely to have benefited from the Stars Policy. Schools located in disadvantaged regions did not benefit. Originality/value. The Stars Policy is unique given its centralized and school-based system. The design, however, increases educational equity in a manner that fails to benefit disadvantaged students seeking admission to the top-achieving medical departments in Taiwan.