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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/116339


    Title: 溫瓊神話與道教道統-從劉玉到黃公瑾的「地祗法」
    The Myth of Wen Qiong and Daoist Orthodoxy: A Comparison Between Liu Yu and Huang Gongjin's "Earth Spirit Ritual" (Diqifa)
    Authors: 高振宏
    Kao, Chen-Hung
    Keywords: 道法會元;地祇法;元帥神;溫瓊;東嶽行宮
    Daofahuiyuan;Earth Spirit Ritual;Marshal God;Wen Qiong;Temple of Eastern Peak
    Date: 2014-05
    Issue Date: 2018-03-16 17:03:48 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本文比較劉玉〈地祇法〉與黃公瑾〈地祇緒餘論〉、《地祇上將溫太保傳》,以為黃公瑾試圖透過道統譜系與溫瓊神話來建構、提升地祇法在道法系統的位階,同時也為以民間巫術為根底、被視為較低階的地祇法提供了伐廟馘邪的理論依據。從整個宋代以來的宗教環境來看,其目的不只是賦與該道法的合法性,更是試圖建立一個以虛靖天師為宗師的「新道教道統」,以此凌駕當時興盛的民間佛教與祠神信仰。此外,文中也指出當時江南地區許多具敗軍死將、疫神特質的功烈神祇多會合祀於東嶽行宮,可能受到天心正法「借嶽兵」的儀式傳統影響,道士或法官因此與某些易於驅遣、捷疾靈驗的祠神建立特定的盟約關係,進而造構出獨立的元帥法。東嶽行宮便成為道教與祠神溝通的最佳渠道,使彼此有更緊密的連結,道教也以此途徑吸納、融攝許多民間神祇,形塑出新的宗教景觀。
    This article compares "Earth Spirit Ritual"(diqifa 地祇法) written by Liu Yu(劉玉)and "The Supplementary Discussion of the Earth Spirit"("Diqixuyulun" 地祇緒餘論)and "The Biography of Grand Guardian Wen, Supreme Commander of Earth Spirit"("Diqishangjiang Wen taibaozhuan" 地祇上將溫太保傳)written by Huang Gongjin(黃公瑾). It demonstrates that Huang Gongjin advocates for the superiority of this Daoist ritual system with both the "New orthodoxy pedigree," in which the grandmaster is Celestial Master Zhang Xujing(虛靖天師) and the myth of Wen Qiong(溫瓊). At the same time, it also provides theories on destroying demons and thus considered a low-order ritual system rooted in folk religion. In addition, this article also points out how many gods that were "dead generals of defeated armies" (baijunsijiang 敗軍死將) or "plague gods"(yishen 疫神) are worshipped together at the Temple of Eastern Peak(東嶽廟) in Southern China. This may be influenced by Tianxinzhengfa(天心正法) rituals that "borrowed soldiers"(jieyuebing 借嶽兵), thus priests or ritual masters there established covenanted relationship with some efficacious popular Gods of Temple(cishen 祠神), thus creating the Primal Marshal rituals(yuanshuaifa 元帥法). Because of this, the temple of Eastern Peak has become the best channel of communication with the popular religions and Daoism, and has led to a close link between the two. Daoism has assimilated many folk gods in it with this way, and has shaped a new religious landscape.
    Relation: 華人宗教研究, 3, 51-104
    Data Type: article
    DOI 連結: http://dx.doi.org/10.6720/SCR.201305_(3).0003
    DOI: 10.6720/SCR.201405_(3).0003
    Appears in Collections:[華人宗教研究] 期刊論文

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