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    題名: 拉丁美洲與加勒比的出生率、所得不均與經濟發展;以宏都拉斯為例
    Birth Rate, Income Inequality, and Economic Development in Latin America and the Caribbean Region: A Case of Honduras
    作者: 艾莉亞
    Alfaro, María Gabriela
    貢獻者: 蘇彥斌
    Su, Yen Pin
    艾莉亞
    Alfaro, María Gabriela
    關鍵詞: 出生率
    所得不均
    經濟發展
    拉丁美洲
    加勒比
    以宏都拉斯
    Birth rate
    Income inequality
    Economic development
    Latin America
    The Caribbean
    Honduras
    日期: 2018
    上傳時間: 2018-07-03 17:37:42 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 摘要
    以往許多研究專注於人口對經濟發展的影響,然而這些研究大多未考量人口因素可能會與其他變數對於經濟發展造成交互作用。本論文探討出生率與收入不平等對於經濟發展的效應,試圖填補既有文獻的空缺。本論用使用拉丁美洲與加勒比33個國家從1960年至2015年的資料進行量化分析,實證結果顯示,當一個國家的出生率較高,而且其收入不平等的情況較嚴重時,其經濟發展程度將會較低。同時,本研究亦對於宏都拉斯進行案例研究,質化與量化的分析顯示,當一個行政區有較高的出生率與較嚴重的收入不平等情況,會對於該行政區的經濟發展造成負面影響。
    ABSTRACT

    While many studies of economic development examine the effects of demographic factors, few take into account under what conditions certain demographic factors will affect economic development. This thesis aims to fill the empirical gap by focusing on the interactive effect of crude birthrate and income inequality. I argue that the effect of birth rate on economic development is conditional on income inequality. Based on data for 33 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean from 1960 to 2015, the statistical results demonstrate that a country with a higher birth rate tends to have a much lower level of economic development when that country suffers from serious income inequality. I also conduct a case study of Honduras to demonstrate the mechanism of my theory at the subnational level. The empirical analysis, based on both quantitative and qualitative data, largely support my hypothesis, suggesting that a department tends to be less developed when it has a high birthrate and a high level of income inequality.
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    描述: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    國際研究英語碩士學位學程(IMPIS)
    105862014
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0105862014
    資料類型: thesis
    顯示於類別:[國際研究英語碩士學位學程] 學位論文

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