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    題名: 高功能自閉症類群障礙兒童的視知覺組織能力探討:與症狀嚴重度、適應行為表現之關聯性
    Exploration of the Visual Perceptual Organization in Children with High-functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder: Relationship with Symptom Severity and Adaptive Behaviors
    作者: 劉子豪
    Liu, Tzu Hao
    貢獻者: 姜忠信
    Chiang, Chung Hsin
    劉子豪
    Liu, Tzu Hao
    關鍵詞: 高功能自閉症類群障礙
    視知覺組織能力
    弱中央聚合能力理論
    症狀嚴重度
    適應行為
    智能優異
    High-functioning autism spectrum disorder
    Visual perceptual organization
    Weak central coherence
    Severity of autistic symptoms
    Adaptive behaviors
    Intellectually gifted
    日期: 2018
    上傳時間: 2018-07-10 15:35:23 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 研究目的:本研究主要探索高功能自閉症類群障礙(High-functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder, HFASD)兒童在視知覺組織能力上的表現,其目的有二:第一,了解高功能自閉症類群障礙兒童在視知覺組織能力與一般發展兒童在細節刺激處理與整體刺激處理表現上的差異;第二,了解高功能自閉症類群障礙兒童在視知覺組織能力的表現與症狀嚴重度間的關聯性,並進一步探索視知覺組織能力與適應行為間的關聯性,同時也探討智能優異與注意力不足/過動症特質是否影響視知覺組織能力與症狀嚴重度、適應行為間的關係。

    方法:以生理年齡介於7歲至10歲的69名高功能自閉症類群障礙兒童與40名一般發展兒童作為研究對象,兩組於生理年齡和智力進行配對控制,分別以三項視知覺組織能力作業評估參與者的是視覺細節搜尋能力與視覺刺激整合能力,也評估智力、症狀嚴重程度及適應行為。

    結果:高功能自閉症類群障礙組與一般發展者的視知覺組織能力方面,一般發展組在圖形完成作業表現明顯較高功能自閉症類群障礙組佳,但在圖形鑲嵌作業與特徵搜尋作業表現上兩組並無顯著差異。視知覺組織能力與症狀嚴重度、適應行為間的相關性方面,隨測量症狀嚴重度之方式不同,與視知覺組織能力之相關性亦不相同,但多數指標顯示視知覺組織能力與症狀嚴重度無明顯相關。

    總結:高功能自閉症類群障礙兒童在圖形刺激整合能力上明顯較一般發展者弱,但此研究結果未能符合各理論假設,進一步討論未來研究方向。
    Purposes: The purpose of the research was to explore the visual perceptual organization in children with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HFASD). First, to study the visual local processing and global processing ability between children with HFASD and typical development (TD). Second, to examine the relation between visual perceptual organization and sample characteristic, like severity of autistic symptoms and adaptive behaviors. At last, the study attempts to explore whether intellectual giftedness and ADHD trait would affect the relation between visual perceptual organization and sample characteristic.

    Methods: Sixty-nine children aged 7-10 years with HFASD and 40 TD participants with matched Age and Full Scale IQ were recruited. The study used 3 visual perceptual organization tasks such as form completion task, children embedded figure task and figure ground task, to measure participants’ visual searching ability and visual integration ability. Additionally, the participants with ASD were measured severity of autistic symptoms and adaptive behaviors by questionnaire or semi-structured assessments.

    Results: Results indicated that the performance of form completion task of HFASD group was worse than TD group, but without difference in children embedded figure task and figure ground task. The relations among some visual perceptual organization index and severity of autistic symptoms were different in different way to measure symptoms severity. But results showed that most indexes of the visual perceptual organization were no relationships with severity of autistic symptoms and adaptive behaviors.

    Conclusion: Findings support the weakness of visual integration ability in children of HFASD. But the results didn’t correspond to the hypothesis of former theoretical hypotheses. Future studies are needed to understanding the nature of visual perceptual organization and its relation with suitable measures.
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    描述: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    心理學系
    103752021
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0103752021
    資料類型: thesis
    顯示於類別:[心理學系] 學位論文

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