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    題名: 資源可用性與互惠態度對幼兒助人行為的影響
    The influence of resource availability and reciprocity attitude on prosocial behaviors of young children
    作者: 羅奕楠
    Luo, Yi-Nan
    貢獻者: 黃啟泰
    羅奕楠
    Luo, Yi-Nan
    關鍵詞: 資源可用性
    互惠態度
    助人行為
    社會認知發展
    Resource availability
    Reciprocity attitude
    Prosocial behaviors
    日期: 2018
    上傳時間: 2018-07-12 13:58:57 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 幼兒的助人行為在過去許多研究中都十分受到關注,例如幼兒助人行為出現的年齡、目標解讀、情緒解讀能力對幼兒助人行為的影響……等等。可以發現幼兒的助人行為會受到許多因素的影響,本研究將聚焦於互惠態度和資源可用性兩點進行探究。在四種實驗情境中,三至四歲幼兒在資源可用或不可用情境分別受到實驗者幫助或不幫助態度的對待,隨後觀測幼兒是否會因此改變對實驗者的幫助行為。對照組為每組幼兒在受到實驗者態度操弄之前的前測。結果發現,在實驗者幫助態度的操弄下,兩種情境幼兒的助人傾向均顯著提高;在實驗者拒絕幫助的操弄下,資源可用組幼兒的幫助表現仍然提高,而資源不可用組幼兒的幫助表現與態度操弄之前相同。顯示當實驗者手邊資源對他不可用又不願意給幼兒時,幼兒對其中拒絕幫助的態度更為敏感。
    The behaviors of young children helping people, such as the age of young children's helping behaviors, the interpretation of goals, and the influence of emotional interpreting ability on children's helping behaviors...etc have been paid much attention in many past types of research. It can be discovered that these behaviors can be influenced by many factors. This study will focus on researching the reciprocal attitudes and resource availability. Among the four experimental scenarios, three to four-year-old children were treated with or without help in the resource availability or unavailability scenarios, and then whether the child would change the behavior of the experimenter was observed. The control group was the pretest of each group of children before being manipulated by the experimenter. As the results, under the manipulation of the helper's attitude, the propensity of the children in the two situations was significantly improved; under the manipulation of the experimenter's refusal to help, the help of the children in the resource-available group still improved, while the resources were unavailable. The help performance is the same as before the attitude is manipulated. It is shown that when the experimenter's resources are not available to him and he is not willing to give the child, the child is more sensitive to the attitude of refusing help.
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    描述: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    心理學系
    104752028
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0104752028
    資料類型: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/THE.NCCU.PSY.003.2018.C01
    顯示於類別:[心理學系] 學位論文

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