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    Title: 臺灣頂尖大學的制度環境與行為 : 以西元2000-2015年為例
    The Institutional Environment and Behaviors of Taiwan's Top Universities:Take the year 2000-2015 as an example
    Authors: 劉君傑
    Liu, Chun-Chieh
    Contributors: 鄭力軒
    Cheng, Li-Hsuan
    劉君傑
    Liu,Chun-Chieh
    Keywords: 高等教育
    頂大計畫
    國際排名
    新制度論
    歷史敘事研究法
    Higher education
    Aim for the top university program
    International ranking
    New institutionalism
    Historical narrative inquiry
    Date: 2018
    Issue Date: 2018-07-18 11:09:15 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本文主要探討臺灣頂尖大學在西元2000年之後所產生的行為變革。當時,全球的大學場域正面臨著高等教育邁向國際化的趨勢,而臺灣的大學也在教育部和國科會(科技部)相繼提出的政策引導下,在制度上產生了與過往明顯的不同。這些行為的變化,反映出大學開始重視產學合作、對於國際排名的重視以及自籌性經費的壓力。除此之外,隨著財團法人高等教育評鑑基金會在西元2005年的成立以及教育部在西元2006年針對高等教育制定了為期十年的頂大計畫,這些都影響了臺灣的大學在制定政策上的考量。因此,本研究認為外部環境對高等教育產生的衝擊,讓大學場域轉變為不確定性的狀態,也在此背景之下,頂尖大學才會在後續行為上產生了高度的趨同。

    本研究透過新制度論所強調的制度同型機制來解釋為什麼當政府對於組織場域的政策加以放寬後,看似會讓組織的制度朝向更加多元的發展,卻反而加劇了組織在制度上的相似。此外,本文透過歷史敘事研究法以及半結構式的訪談,重新呈現臺灣高等教育近二十年來所產生的制度性變遷。此變遷方式,正好體現了組織行為在一開始的政策考量下,可能是來自於政府的規定,但之所以會變成制度化結果,往往是因為組織將制度視為了理所當然,才會導致制度產生了同型化現象。
    This thesis examines the behavioral changes of Taiwan's top universities after year 2000. During this period, the global field was facing of internationalization, and Taiwan's universities were significantly changed under the policies proposed by the Ministry of Education (MOE) and the National Science Council (later the Ministry of Science and Technology). These changes reflected include industry-university cooperation programs, the emphasis on international rankings, and the pressure of self-generated finance. In addition, the Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan established in 2005 and the the MOE’s Aim for the Top University Program launched in 2006, affected Taiwan’s universities behaviors. I agree that the impact of the aforementioned factors on higher education has turned the field of universities into one that is full of uncertainties. In this background, the behaviors of top universities converged significantly.

    In this thesis, I apply the concept of new institutional isomorphism of new institutionalism to explore the unexpected convergence under the liberalization that seems the organization's system will be more diversified, but it will intensify the organization's similarity in the system. For research methodology, this thesis uses historical narrative inquiry and semi-structured interviews are applied to examine the institutional changes that took place in Taiwan's higher education over the last 20 years. This transformation reflected the organizational behavior at the beginning of the policy considerations, is from the government's regulations, but the reason why it will become institutionalized results, often because the organization takes the institution for granted, this lead the institutional isomorphism occurs.
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    陳韻如,2004,台灣與法國高等教育制度之比較分析研究-以學校結構及入學制度為例。成功大學教育研究所學位論文,1-189。
    秦夢群,2012,〈臺灣高等教育評鑑制度與實施之分析研究〉。《教育資料與研究》2(7):105-142
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    黃彥瑜,2008,〈THES全球最佳大學排行,清大躍升至281名〉。中央通訊社,10月14日,http://www.epochtimes.com/b5/8/10/14/n2296334.htm。
    黃以敬,2003,〈大專論文數評比,政大落居48名〉。自由時報,10月21日,https://www.epochtimes.com/b5/3/10/21/n397169.htm。
    彭明輝,2011,〈五年五百億,造成學術沉淪〉。蘋果日報,5月23日,https://tw.appledaily.com/headline/daily/20110523/33406453。
    詹盛如,2001,台灣高等教育類型與功能之探討。教育研究資訊,第9 期,99-122。
    顏國樑、卓玟琪 ,2010,由全球性大學排名系統看高等教育國際化指標。學校行政,(68),127-151。
    戴伯芬,2015,《高教崩壞:市場化、官僚化與少子化的危機》,新北:群學出版社。

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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    社會學系
    105254014
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G1052540141
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/THE.NCCU.SOC.003.2018.F04
    Appears in Collections:[社會學系] 學位論文

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