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    題名: 動勢心理評量研究
    A Study of Dongshi Psychological System
    作者: 曹羽嫻
    Tsao, Yu-Hsien
    貢獻者: 姜忠信
    Chiang, Chung-Hsin
    曹羽嫻
    Tsao, Yu-Hsien
    關鍵詞: 動勢
    動作潛能
    動勢心理評量
    Dongshi
    Body potential
    Dongshi psychological system
    日期: 2018
    上傳時間: 2018-07-27 12:11:15 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 研究背景:李宗芹(2010)將個體隨著時間推移,身體自然而然產生的動作變化及動作潛能稱為「動勢」,並擷取出「身形力度」、「韻律密度」及「感覺強度」三個面向用以描述身體動勢的特性。其中,身形力度涉及身體肌肉與骨骼的協調、發力,用以描述個體的身形樣貌;韻律密度則與身體運作的節奏有關,用以描述身體動作的律動;感覺強度則用以描述身體動作與情緒感受間的連結程度。本研究以李宗芹提出之動勢理論及其發想的動勢評量題項基礎,探究題項品質及身體動勢與相關心理構念的關聯性。
    研究方法:各類量表中文版信度檢驗採問卷法,收取180大學及研究生蒐集量表填答結果,進行內部一致性及再測信度檢驗。動勢心理評量部分,招募30名大學及研究生,進行身體動勢評量及自陳式問卷填寫,將影像資料量化後,再進一步探究身體動勢與相關心理構念的關係。
    研究發現:本研究使用之中文化量表,及動勢心理評量皆尚具足夠之信度,惟動勢心理評量韻律密度面向的試題內部一致性較低。身體動勢與相關心理構念的連結上,無論以資料型態或理論進行探究,結果皆發現,在身形力度面向具明顯身體動勢者,可能有較低的自尊。此外,資料導向的分析亦發現在身形力度面向上具明顯身體動勢者,有較低的樂觀程度;理論導向的分析則發現在韻律密度面向上具明顯動勢者,有較低的人際因應能力,在感覺強度面向上具明顯動勢者,可能有較差的生活滿意度。
    結論:本研究為動勢理論提供初步的實徵研究資料,然而,目前動勢理論及其評量系統尚在發展階段,在相關心理構念量表的選用、評量系統的試題編製、記分、及測量情境上皆有改進之空間。此外,目前仍缺乏大量的實徵研究資料,還有待更多研究者投入相關領域之研究,以累積動勢理論及評量系統的信、效度資料。
    Lee Tsung-Chin (2010) refers to changes in movement and movement potentials that the body naturally produces over time as Dongshi or “body movement”. Lee uses the following three components to describe Dongshi: “strength of body”, “intensity of body”, and “strength of corporeal feeling”. Among them, “strength of body” describes the figure of the body in terms of the body’s coordination and exertion of the muscles and bones of the body. “Intensity of body” refers to the body’s rhythm as in the rhythm of bodily functions. Lastly, “strength of corporeal feeling” refers to the degree of connection between bodily movements and emotions. Using Lee’s Dongshi Theory and assessment tool – the Dongshi Psychological System, this study explores the quality of the items on the assessment tool as well as the relationship between certain psychological constructs and Dongshi.
    Research Methodology: To ascertain the degree of reliability for the Chinese-version of the scales for each psychological construct item on the assessment tool, questionnaires filled out by 180 college and graduate students were used to calculate the respective internal consistency reliability and test-retest reliability of these items. Following this, the results from the Dongshi Psychological System, which measures body movement, and self-report questionnaires taken by 30 college and graduate students were quantified and further analyzed for correlations between Dongshi and psychological constructs.
    Results: The tests for reliability for the Chinese-version of the scales and the Dongshi Psychological System were both satisfactory with only the “intensity of body” dimension showing lower internal consistency. In regards to the relationships between Dongshi and other psychological constructs, both the data-driven and theory-driven approaches showed that those who had a high degree of “strength of body” in Dongshi had lower self-esteem than those who had a lower degree of “strength of body”. In addition, the data-driven analysis showed that those who had a high degree of “strength of body” in Dongshi had lower levels of optimism. The theory-driven analysis showed that those had a high degree of “intensity of body” had lower proactive coping ability. Lastly, those who showed high degrees of “strength of corporeal feeling” in Dongshi were less satisfied with their lives.
    Conclusion: This study was an empirically based explanatory study of Dongshi Theory. However, given that Dongshi Theory and the related assessment tool are still developing, the selection of which psychological construct-related scale to use as well as the scale’s items, scoring system, and measurement methods may still require modifications in the future. In addition, there is still a significant lack of empirical research in this area. The researcher hopes that there will be more related research done on the reliability and effectiveness of Dongshi Theory and the Dongshi Psychological System.
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    描述: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    心理學系
    103752020
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G1037520201
    資料類型: thesis
    顯示於類別:[心理學系] 學位論文

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