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    題名: 從政黨輪替探討大法官意見表達行為之變化
    The effects of power transition on constitutional court justices’ dissent behavior
    作者: 鄭琹尹
    Cheng, Chin-Yin
    貢獻者: 黃紀
    鄭琹尹
    Cheng, Chin-Yin
    關鍵詞: 政黨輪替
    大法官意見表達
    統獨立場
    負二項迴歸模型
    二層有序勝算對數模型
    日期: 2018
    上傳時間: 2018-07-27 12:36:29 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 大法官的司法決策行為影響國家、社會甚鉅,執政者與司法部門的互動則長期以來都是公眾關注的焦點。因此本文聚焦於我國大法官釋憲時的意見表達行為,以大法官的意見書為分析標的。討論政黨輪替前後,大法官的意見表達行為是否產生變化,以及統獨意識形態、提名總統及其任期、交錯任期等因素,對大法官意見表達行為的影響。

    結合過往學理,本文指出當政黨競爭程度激烈時,執政者出於選舉失利的預期心理,會讓司法獨立,大法官會有更多的異議空間,會發表更多的反對意見,這是政黨輪替對大法官集體意見表達行為的影響。透過負二項迴歸模型分析顯示,第二次政黨輪替後,大法官的異議行為有顯著增加,顯示政黨輪替確實影響大法官的意見表達行為,但其影響較為漸進,因此第一次政黨輪替的影響力並不顯著。

    在大法官個人意見表達行為部分,本文以統獨立場定位大法官的意識形態,並參考前人研究,總統可能透過提名立場相仿的大法官,改變憲法法庭決策,且交錯任期可能使大法官需要面對繼任的原反對黨總統,因此將統獨立場、提名總統及其任期、交錯任期等因素納入考量,以二層有序勝算對數模型進行分析。結果顯示,可能由於釋憲案性質因素,統獨立場的影響力不顯著;總統提名時的任期差異,導致第二任期提名的大法官,出現意見趨同的現象;而不同總統提名的大法官,交錯任期時,則可能出現反對意見增加或同意意見增加兩種不同的趨勢。

    本文以實證資料分析大法官意見表達行為,發現政治力確實對大法官有影響,大法官的司法決策行為,是政黨競爭、意識形態、提名總統、交錯任期等因素,與外在環境及制度等各項因素互動下的結果。
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    描述: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    政治學系
    104252002
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0104252002
    資料類型: thesis
    顯示於類別:[政治學系] 學位論文

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