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    Title: 由動態能力觀點探討新創企業與創業生態系統互動 - 以Viscovery與Perkd為例
    Interaction between Startups and Entrepreneurial Ecosystem from Dynamic Capability Perspective - A Case Study of Viscovery and Perkd
    Authors: 康瓈云
    Kang, Li-Yun
    Contributors: 鄭至甫
    Jeng, Jyh-Fu
    Kang, Li-Yun
    Keywords: 新創企業
    Entrepreneurial ecosystem
    Dynamic capability
    Competitive advantage
    Date: 2018
    Issue Date: 2018-07-30 15:02:43 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 近年為促進國家經濟成長動能,全球各國政府積極推動創新創業政策,欲建立完善創新生態系,造就新創企業數量蓬勃增長。根據經濟部統計資料,一年新創企業近 10 萬家,年增率達 4%,但同時一年內倒閉比率高達 90%,能撐過前五年者更只有 1%。如何在競爭與變動的商業環境生存,仍有許多努力空間。綜觀國內外對創業生態系統的研究大多著重創業系統主體如政府、學研機構、投資單位與其之間互動發展做為研究主題 (Ben, 2017),鮮少以新創企業為視角來探討創業生態系統。
    有鑒於此,本研究旨在研究新創企業如何透過與創業生態系統的互動,強化自身的競爭優勢。本研究運用 Ben (2017) 創業生態系統架構結合 Teece (1997, 2007) 動態能力理論,以創意引晴股份有限公司 (Viscovery) 與豐盛智慧股份有限公司 (Perkd) 進行案例分析,發現新創企業會從創業生態系統擷取資源,建構動態能力,以強化競爭優勢,也發現新創企業與創業生態系統間存在共同演化的關係。
    In recent years, in order to increase economic growth, governments around the world have been actively working on entrepreneurship and innovation policies in establishing successful entrepreneurial ecosystems. According to 2017 statistics data from Ministry of Economic Affairs, R.O.C., there are nearly 100,000 startups a year with an annual growth rate of 4%, but at the same time, the rate of failures in one year is as high as 90%, and only 1% of those survive the first five years. How to survive in a competitive and changing business environment still leaves much room for effort. Previous research have elaborated on entrepreneurial ecosystems entities such as government, universities, and investment institutions (Ben, 2017); however, relationship between “startup” and the ecosystem entities is still lack of discussion.
    This study aims to explore how startup companies strengthen competitive advantage through the interaction with entrepreneurial ecosystems. Using Ben (2017) entrepreneurial ecosystem structure and Teece (1997, 2007) dynamic capability theory to the analysis of two startups—Viscovery and Perkd, the study finds out that startups acquire resources from entrepreneurial ecosystem to construct their dynamic capabilities, and use dynamic capabilities to enhance their core competence, in the end to achieve competitive advantages. Moreover, a co-evolving relationship between startups and entrepreneurial ecosystems is being elaborated.
    The academic implications of this study lie in the application of dynamic capability theory to the interaction between startups and entrepreneurial ecosystems, while emphasizing that the development of start-ups and entrepreneurial ecosystems is a co-evolving process. The practical implications are to provide startups a clear picture in developing dynamic capabilities and to understand how to use the entrepreneurial ecosystem resources to build up dynamic capabilities and competitive advantages.
    This research explores entrepreneurial ecosystem in an unique way—both microscopically and macroscopically, starting from startups specific needs in acquiring external resources, to the collaboration with ecosystem entities, and further perceive the ecosystem as a collaborative, co-evolutionary, and dynamic network.
    To conclude, the main contribution of this study is to bridge the research gap in case studies research of entrepreneurial ecosystem, and to provide “process” and “evolution” point of view that has gained increasing attention in recent years.
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    Description: 碩士
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0105364128
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/THE.NCCU.TIIPM.005.2018.F08
    Appears in Collections:[科技管理與智慧財產研究所] 學位論文

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