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Cross-strait relations in the Xi Jinping era: 2013~2017
Since the government of the republic of china moved to Taiwan in 1949, the two sides of the Taiwan Strait have so far been separated for around 70 years. Through the ideological education and control of the KMT and the CCP, the people's thought on both sides of the strait have long been different from each other. Due to this, the direction of development of cross-strait relations has always been uncertain and elusive. However, it is not difficult to find that the CCP’s previous leaders have always adhered to the "One China" principle and the basic principle of "peaceful reunification and one country, two systems" by exploring their Taiwan policy in the face of Taiwan’s different ruling parties.
After Taiwan’s second Political party rotation, President Ma Ying-jeou took office and supported the "1992 consensus". Therefore, the development of Cross-Strait relations became revival, including signing multiple ECFA agreements and promoting “Workable Diplomacy” to consolidate existing diplomatic relations. The result of Cross-strait exchange and interaction also made President Ma Ying-jeou successfully get reelected in 2012. At the same time, Xi Jinping also successfully succeeded as the fifth-generation leader in China. Xi Jinping showed the attitude of “following the Hu’s laws” in the smooth development of Cross-Strait relations. When everything seemed to be stable, the "318 Student Movement" was triggered in 2013 for the reason that the Taiwanese people think that it was too sloppy in signing the service trade agreement and questioned some policies of the ruling authorities as being too pro-China. Thus, the support of the Kuomintang Party has declined rapidly, and it led to the KMP’s defeat in the nine-in-one election at the end of the year and the third political party rotation in the president election.
In the 520 inaugural speech, President Tsai Ing-wen showed respect for historical facts of the talks between the two sides of the Taiwan Strait in 1992, and it meant not indirectly admitting the political foundation of the "1992 Consensus" reached between the Ma Ying-jeou government and the Chinese Communist Party. Since then, cross-strait relations have gradually frozen. During the period of President Tsai Ing-wen’s administration, we can see many Taiwan independence advocates and actions of de-sinolization. Regarding the economic reforms that the people are most looking forward to, President Tsai Ing-wen put forward the slogan of "New Southbound Policy" and stated that Taiwan’s economic cannot rely too much on mainland China. Faced with various policy measures after the DPP government took office, the Mainland China launched a series of provocative, threatening and oppressive movements. For example, the Mainland China assigned military aircraft and aircraft carriers to bypass Taiwan, reduced the number of China visits and students to Taiwan, attracted Taiwanese people to work and study in Mainland China by proposing Taiwan-benefit policies, and isolated Taiwan diplomatically. How can President Tsai Ing-wen break through the deadlock in cross-strait relations and lead the people of Taiwan to a peaceful, prosperous, and prosperous road in these internal and external difficulties? It’s the test of leaders on both sides of the strait.
This study mainly explores the CCP’s Taiwan policy from the individual, national, and international levels. This study intends to analyze the changing and unchanging CCP's Taiwan policies through focusing on the decision-making style and Taiwan policy advocates of Chinese Communist Party Leader Xi Jinping, the personnel assignment of CCP's organizations dealing with Taiwan affairs, and the Cross-strait exchange interaction model and results under the ruling of the Kuomintang and the Democratic Progressive Party. Through the above analysis, we will explore the possible future direction of the CCP’s policy toward Taiwan and its impact on cross-strait relations.
Keyword: Cross-strait relations, 1992 Consensus, De-sinolization, Southbound Policy
|Source URI: ||http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G1059810131|
|Appears in Collections:||[國家安全與大陸研究碩士在職專班] 學位論文|
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