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    題名: 《艾瑪》中的驚訝
    Surprise in Emma
    作者: 曾慧昀
    Tseng, Hui-Yun
    貢獻者: 吳易道
    Wu, Yih-Dau
    曾慧昀
    Tseng, Hui-Yun
    關鍵詞: 珍‧奧斯汀
    《艾瑪》
    驚訝
    禮儀
    階級衝突
    日常生活
    敘述
    Jane Austen
    Emma
    Surprise
    Manners
    Class conflict
    The everyday
    Narration
    日期: 2018
    上傳時間: 2018-08-06 18:09:31 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 乍看之下,《艾瑪》中的驚訝不是一個值得深入研究的題目,因為驚訝是一個廣泛運用於各類文學的表現手法,它會在《艾瑪》中出現實在不足為奇。此外,與同時期的志異小說相比,《艾瑪》並未以聳動、誇大的手法描寫令人驚訝的事件,而是描繪一個祥和、有秩序的英國社會。正因如此,多數學者認為其主要議題並非驚訝,而是十九世紀初英國仕紳的禮儀及日常生活。
    此二因素造成《艾瑪》中的驚訝長期缺乏討論與研究,然而,筆者認為《艾瑪》中的驚訝蘊藏著許多重要訊息,值得吾人細心探索。透過克里斯多佛‧米勒的書—Surprise: The Poetics of the Unexpected from Milton to Austen (2015) 可知,作家在文學作品中對驚訝的描述能夠反映他們獨特的文學表現手法及價值觀。因此,筆者認為驚訝不應只被視為一個常見的文學手法或是無意義的反射動作,透過分析《艾瑪》中的驚訝,讀者能更清楚地明白角色的性格、情緒以及階級衝突。另外,驚訝能幫助我們更了解奧斯汀對禮儀和日常生活的看法。
    本文旨在探討驚訝在《艾瑪》中的價值。首先,筆者檢視驚訝如何體現於角色的肢體反應。當角色們受到驚嚇時,他們的肢體反射並非毫無意義,而是反映其社會階級意識及道德觀。奧斯汀透過描寫角色們的肢體反應,說明了無禮的行為正是引發驚訝的一大原因。其次,筆者檢視奧斯汀如何描寫小說中的突發事故及意外。奧斯汀選擇不用聳動、誇大的文字來渲染這些事件所造成的驚嚇。相反地,她用客觀、冷靜的文字敘述,而這樣獨特的敘述手法說明了奧斯汀對維持日常生活平和的堅持。最後,筆者將探討奧斯汀對驚訝的看法。雖然在《艾瑪》中,奧斯汀透過客觀和冷靜的文字來降低意外所造成的驚嚇,但透過描述艾瑪的父親—伍德豪斯先生對驚訝的恐懼和反抗,可知實際上奧斯汀認為驚訝是一個滲透日常生活、無所不在且無法避免的情緒。
    Emma is commonly believed to be a novel that has nothing to do with surprise. Surprise, however extraordinary it may seem, is actually a common literary device frequently used by authors in various literary genres. Given its near-universal presence in literary works, surprise does not present itself readily as a useful lens through which we can analyze a novel critically. Hence few Austen scholars notice its significance in Emma. Surprise in Emma fails to garner scholarly attention also because it is not represented in a noticeably sensational fashion as in the gothic novels that Austen was familiar with. While gothic novels are famous for their depiction of surprising events, Emma is known for its delicate portrayal of a serene and orderly English society. On the face of it, daily life and manners in the early 19th century England become two major concerns in this novel. Compared to these two dominant concerns, surprise appears at best a peripheral, at worst an irrelevant, issue.
    However, I find surprising events everywhere in the world of Emma. Having read the rich discussion of the issue of surprise in Christopher R. Miller’s recent book, Surprise: The Poetics of the Unexpected from Milton to Austen (2015), I observe the possibility to discuss Emma in a new light. Surprise, far from being merely a common literary device or a brainless reflex, is a significant emotion that leads us to scenes of true emotion, self-revelation and class conflicts in the novel. What is more, I claim that surprise helps us better understand two of Austen’s major concerns—manners and the everyday.
    This dissertation aims to explore the value of surprise in Emma. First, I examine how the characters’ bodily responses toward surprise reveal their social and moral attitudes. Moreover, their surprises are closely related to behavior that Austen deems as flawed or bad manners. Second, I draw on several potentially sensational incidents in the novel to show how Austen deliberately deflates the disruptive power of surprise in her narration. Her calm and matter-of-fact depiction of surprising scenes reveals her allegiance to the everyday. Finally, though Austen appears determined to deflate surprise in her narration, I observe that, by illustrating Mr. Woodhouse’s unceasing fear of surprise, she actually recognizes surprise’s ubiquitous presence in everyday life.
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    描述: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    英國語文學系
    104551005
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G1045510052
    資料類型: thesis
    顯示於類別:[英國語文學系] 學位論文

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