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    Title: 我國團體協商制度之問題與因應對策之探討
    A study on issues and policy of collective bargaining institution in Taiwan
    Authors: 陳志嘉
    Chen, Chih-Chia
    Contributors: 成之約
    陳志嘉
    Chen, Chih-Chia
    Keywords: 團體協商
    複數工會
    協商資格
    協商代表
    Collective bargaining
    Multiple trade unions
    Bargaining qualification
    Bargaining representatives
    Date: 2018
    Issue Date: 2018-08-10 10:48:41 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 勞動三權係為確保所有勞動者生存之基本手段,勞動三法自100 年 5 月 1 日施行以來,對於我國工會組織以及團體協商的影響甚鉅,而團結權及協商權是相輔相成的,團體協商權係勞動三權之核心,又組織工會主要目的之一係在於締結團體協約,所以工會的組織的演進也跟團體協商的發展是密不可分的。新勞動三法實施之後,新《工會法》重新定義了各種工會之類型,雖然使勞工有更多的機會依需求加入各類型之工會,卻也產生了許多同一個範圍內出現複數工會之現象;另外新《團體協約法》明定了誠信協商原則,並搭配不當勞動行為裁決制度,對於工會進行團體協商有更強力的保障,但在其中也針對工會的協商資格以及協商代表設有相當的限制。我國企業工會的涵蓋率並不高,且僱用勞工人數小於30人的企業占了全國企業家數至少7成以上,這些勞工以現行法制無法組織企業工會,於是產業工會及職業工會就成了這些勞工的歸屬,但在協商資格門檻的限制下,產業及職業工會事實上將有相當程度無法行使協商權,以致無法締結有法定效力的團體協約。另一方面,現行的協商代表制度亦有可能使工會出現惡性競爭之結果,進而造成工會協商困境以及相對弱勢工會之會員於協商過程中遭致不合理之待遇。本文參考美國及日本團體協商相關制度及針對勞、政、學三方進行訪談,建議在制度面上應維持產職業工會協商資格門檻,以確保其代表性,另一方面政府也應對於雇主團體訂定相關規範。此外,協商代表的產生可參考美國制度,以勞工選舉出來的協商代表與雇主協商,以避免工會間之爭議。同時,我國工會也應放寬自身的視野,跳脫與單一雇主協商的框架,完善發揮應有之功能,帶領我國勞資關係走向協約自治之目標。
    Collective Labor rights are the basic means to ensure the survival of all labors. Since the implementation of the three collective Labor Laws on May 1, 2011, it has impacted extremely on the trade unions and operations of the collective bargaining in Taiwan. While the right to unity and negotiation are complementary, The right of collective bargaining is the core of collective labor rights, and one of the main purposes of organizing unions is to reach a collective agreement. Therefore, the operation of collective bargaining is closely related to the development of trade unions.After the implementation of the collective Labor Laws, new “Labor Union Act” redefines the types of trade unions. Labors now have more opportunities to join various types of unions depending on their need, however, the act also created the issues of the multiple trade unions in the same area. In addition, new " Collective Agreement Act " clarified the principle of good faith when bargaining for a collective agreement with the institution of decision on unfair labor practices, which may give trade unions a stronger guarantee carry out the collective bargaining, but it also has considerable restrictions on the union representative The coverage of corporate unions is not high, and enterprises employing fewer than 30 employees account for at least 70% of the country’s entrepreneurs. These workers cannot organize trade unions under the existing regulations. Then, Industrial unions and professional labor unions become these workers’ choice. However, under the threshold of the union representative, industrial and professional unions can in fact hardly exercise the right to bargaining, not to speak of concluding collective agreements. Furthermore, the system of union representation may also result in vicious competition among the trade unions, which in turn deteriorate the situation that trade unions are hard to conclude collective agreements with employers.This study refers to the systems of collective bargaining in United States and Japan and conduct interviews with labor, politics, and academia. It is suggested that the threshold of the union representative for professional trade unions should be maintained , that make multiple unions within the enterprise have representativeness to negotiate with employers. On the other hand, the government should also set relevant regulations for employers' groups. In addition, the bargaining representatives can refer to the US system, bargaining representatives elected by the workers negotiate with the employer. At the same time, trade unions should widen their own horizons, break away from the framework of the single-employer bargaining, improve their functions, and reach the goal of the autonomy of collective bargaining in Taiwan.
    Reference: 一、中文文獻
    1.成之約(2015),臺灣勞資關係及其法制的探討,全球化與當代勞動法-理論與實踐之比較觀察暨第四屆兩岸勞動法學術研討會。
    2.成之約等(2012),勞動政策,國立空中大學。
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    20.衛民(2010),新「團體協約法」重要修正內容與對勞資關係影響之研究,國家政策研究基金會。
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    二、外國文獻
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    勞工研究所
    101262020
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0101262020
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/THE.NCCU.LR.008.2018.F08
    Appears in Collections:[勞工研究所] 學位論文

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