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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/119305


    Title: 內生化市場結構與補貼政策
    Endogenous Market Structure and Subsidy Policy
    Authors: 林鈺凱
    Lin, Yu-Kai
    Contributors: 賴景昌
    蕭明福

    Lai, Ching-Chong
    Shaw, Ming-Fu

    林鈺凱
    Lin, Yu-Kai
    Keywords: 研發
    內生化市場結構
    補貼政策
    R&D
    Endogenous market structure
    Subsidy policy
    Date: 2018
    Issue Date: 2018-08-10 10:49:30 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本文建構了在內生化市場結構下的第二代R&D內生成長模型,並在此架構下探討四種不同補貼—最終財生產補貼、中間財生產補貼、內部研發補貼和進入補貼對經濟增長和內生市場結構的影響。
    發現當短期廠商數目固定時,最終產品生產補貼、中間產品生產補貼及內部研發補貼與過去的文獻相同,都會增加經濟增長率;但短期廠商數目固定時,研發部門的進入之價格補貼不會影響經濟增長。而當市場結構內生調整,也就是長期下,最終財生產補貼和中間產品生產補貼將使得廠商進入市場,隨著每家廠商的市場規模降低的負向效果將抵消短期的正向效果,因此對長期經濟增長率沒有效果。另一方面,當市場結構內生調整時,內部研發補貼減少了廠商數目但增加了經濟增長率,而研發部門的進入價格補貼擴大了廠商數目卻降低了經濟增長率。因此,內部研發補貼可能是比其他補貼更好的政策工具,因為它可以刺激長期經濟增長率。
    This thesis builds up a second-generation R&D-based growth model featuring endogenous market structure, and uses it to explore the growth effect of four distinct styles of subsidies. The four subsidies this thesis consider include final goods production subsidies, intermediate goods productions subsidies, in-house R&D subsides and entry subsidies. Several main findings emerge from the analysis. First, when the number of firms is fixed in the short run, final goods production subsidies, intermediate goods productions subsidies and in-house R&D subsides will stimulate the economic growth rate. However, entry subsidies are powerless to affect economic growth. Second, when market structure adjusts endogenously in the long run, final goods production subsidies and intermediate goods productions subsidies will increase the number of firms, and this tends to lower economic growth. The induced negative growth effect arisen from a rise in the number of firms just exactly offsets the positive growth effect in the short run, leaving the economic growth rate intact. Third, when market structure adjusts endogenously in the long run, in-house R&D subsidies increase economic growth but decrease the number of firms, whereas entry subsidies expand the number of firms but reduce economic growth. As the result, in-house R&D subsidies is a better policy instrument compared to other subsidies since it can stimulate economic growth in the long run.
    Reference: 一、中文部分
    賴景昌(2017)。R&D內生成長理論:內生化市場結構,講義。
    二、英文部分
    Aghion, P., & Howitt, P. (1992). A Model of Growth through Creative Destruction. Econometrica, 60(2), 323-351.
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    Aghion, P., & P. Howitt. (2008). The Economics of Growth. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.
    Barro, R. J., & Sala-i-Martin, X. (2004). Economic Growth. Second edition. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.
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    O'Donoghue, T., & Zweimuller, J. (2004). Patents in a Model of Endogenous Growth. Journal of Economic Growth, 9(1), 81-123.
    Peretto, P. F. (1998). Technological Change and Population Growth. Journal of Economic Growth, 3(4), 283-311.
    Peretto, P. F. (2007). Corporate Taxes, Growth and Welfare in a Schumpeterian Economy. Journal of Economic Theory, 137(1), 353-382.
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    Segerstrom, P. S. (1998). Endogenous Growth without Scale Effects. American Economic Review, 88(5), 1290-1310.
    Segerstrom, P. S. (2000). The Long-Run Growth Effects of R&D Subsidies. Journal of Economic Growth, 5(3), 277-305.
    Segerstrom, P. S., Anant, T. A., & Dinopoulos, E. (1990). A Schumpeterian Model of the Product Life Cycle. American Economic Review, 80(5), 1077-1091.
    Young, A. (1998). Growth without Scale Effects. Journal of Political Economy, 106(1), 41-63.
    Zeng, J., & Zhang, J. (2007). Subsidies in an R&D Growth Model with Elastic Labor. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 31(3), 861-886.
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    經濟學系
    105258007
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0105258007
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/THE.NCCU.ECONO.016.2018.F06
    Appears in Collections:[經濟學系] 學位論文

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