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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/119590


    Title: 以智慧型手機實現室內空間三維建模
    3D modeling of interior space using smartphone-based mobile mapping system
    Authors: 蔡立筠
    Tsai, Li-Yun
    Contributors: 林士淵
    Lin, Shih-Yuan
    蔡立筠
    Tsai, Li-Yun
    Keywords: 智慧型手機
    移動製圖
    單視覺影像定位與製圖
    Smart phone
    Mobile mapping
    MonoSLAM
    Date: 2018
    Issue Date: 2018-08-27 14:55:34 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 近年來由於穿戴式裝置的興起,使得虛擬實境、擴增實境等應用快速發展,連帶造成室內三維圖資的需求快速成長,也促使圖資蒐集與處理方式朝向更加快速、即時、低技術經驗門檻等方面發展。在此情況下,由於現今智慧型手機普及且發展成熟,普遍裝備有GNSS信號接收功能、微機電系統(Micro Electro Mechanical Systems, MEMS)為基礎的慣性測量原件(Inertial Measurement Unit, IMU),以及具備卓越的計算能力和高解析度的相機。若能利用並整合這些原件,智慧型手機具有成為低成本行移動製圖系統(mobile mapping system,MMS)之潛力。
    為因應室內三維模型的需求,本研究利用智慧型手機為工具,開發一套行人專用的室內三維重建APP,針對受地上物遮蔽、GNSS訊號脫落、無Wi-Fi及網路通訊之室內空間,利用單視覺影像即時定位與製圖技術(Monocular Simultaneous localization and mapping, Mono SLAM)與內建之慣性測量原件,進行室內三維空間模型的建立、定位與視覺化。同時,操作者可以利用APP中設計的互動式引導重建室內環境的機制,解決單以Mono SLAM建置之結構模糊和錯誤,並可即時展示重建之三維模型。
    Due to the significant improvement of wearable devices, virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) applications have been developed rapidly. To support various VR and AR applications, three-dimensional models are essential tools. Moreover, a flexible, efficient and real-time processing to generate 3D models is highly required. To achieve this, smart phone nowadays equipping with GNSS receiver, MEMS-based IMU, excellent computational capabilities and high resolution camera becomes a possible solution for purpose of low-cost and accessible mobile mapping system (MMS). In this study we developed a smartphone application aiming for interior space model reconstruction. With the technique of monocular simultaneous localization and mapping (Mono SLAM) and data collected through IMU in smartphone, users are able to reconstruct, localize and visualize the 3D model of interior space. In additional, by using the system we designed in the application, users can interactively guide the reconstruction process to resolve the structural ambiguities and errors during the acquisition with MonoSLAM. The resultant 3D model can be displayed in near real-time.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    地政學系
    105257004
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0105257004
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/THE.NCCU.LE.019.2018.A05
    Appears in Collections:[地政學系] 學位論文

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