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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/119660

    Title: 日露戦後における北方政策の可能性とその挫折―北海道内の北海道・樺太合併論を通じて―
    Authors: 楊素霞
    Contributors: 日文系
    Keywords: Advocacy of Administrative Union;Northern Frontier Policy;First Phrase of Colonial Plan;of Hokkaido;Administrative and Fiscal Reforms;Karahuto Prefecture
    Date: 2018-03
    Issue Date: 2018-08-28 10:38:20 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: Following the Russo-Japanese War, the northern frontier policy was actively debated in Japan. Some in Hokkaido advocated a policy of administrative union between Hokkaido and Karahuto, as a way of setting the frontier policy that could also address fiscal difficulties by economizing on administrative expenses. Advocacy of a Hokkaido-Karahuto administrative union persisted until the mid-1910s. This paper examines aims of this advocacy by groups in Hokkaido, and the response of the Karahuto Prefecture to the proposal by the Cabinet of an administrative and fiscal union of the two prefectures. Through this investigation, this paper delineates the possibilities for Japan’s northern frontier policy in the post-Russo-Japanese War period, and the reasons why these possibilities failed to materialize. The initial advocates of a Hokkaido-Karahuto administrative union, shortly after the Russo-Japanese War, were the Hokkaido members of the Seiyūkai. Later on, from 1910 to 1913, Hokkaido members of the Central Club joined the Seiyūkai in advocating the union. Their aim was to secure the fiscal resources needed to implement the ‘First Phase of Colonial Plan of Hokkaido’ (1910-27) for promoting colonial development within the prefecture. Yet, the union was never realized. It was doomed by the passive response of the Hokkaido Prefecture Government, and by opposition from both the central government and from Karahuto Prefecture. In particular, when the Cabinet first proposed the union plan in 1912 as a way to reduce government expenses, the Karahuto Prefecture stood firmly against it, exercising control of the overall executive power and of the special accounting system. During the First World War, when Japan’s state finances improved, advocacy of a Hokkaido-Karahuto administrative union disappeared temporarily. It re-appeared in themidst of the administrative and fiscal reforms of the mid-1920s.
    Relation: 社会システム, No.36, pp.57-79
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[日本語文學系] 期刊論文

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