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    政大機構典藏 > 理學院 > 心理學系 > 期刊論文 >  Item 140.119/120074
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/120074

    Title: Nonlinear neuroplasticity corresponding to sports experience: A voxel‐based morphometry and resting‐state functional connectivity study
    Authors: Chang, Chih-Yen
    Chen, Yin-Hua
    Yen, Nai-Shing
    Contributors: 心理系
    Keywords: baseball players;gray-matter volume;neuroplasticity;resting-state functional connectivity;sports;voxel-based morphometry
    Date: 2018
    Issue Date: 2018-09-12 14:03:44 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: We aimed to investigate the structural neuroplasticity associated with different levels of sports experience and its effect on the corresponding resting-state functional circuitry. We recruited 18 skilled baseball batters (SB), 19 intermediate baseball batters (IB), and 17 healthy controls (HC), and used magnetic resonance imaging methods to compare their regional gray-matter volume (GMV) and seed-based resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC). Our results revealed that a quadratic function could better depict intergroup differences in regional GMV than a linear function. In particular, the IB showed lower or higher regional GMV than the other two groups. The difference in GMV in the supplementary motor area and areas belonging to the ventral stream, including the middle temporal gyrus and middle temporal pole, might be possibly related to baseball-specific motor and perceptual experience, such as inhibitory action control and pitch identification. On the other hand, the stronger rsFC seeded from the right middle temporal pole to the default mode network, particularly in the precuneus, in the SB and IB relative to that in the HC might be possibly associated with the theory of mind, such as deciding whether to swing or not against the pitcher by detecting the spatial information of pitches. In conclusion, our three-group design enabled the capture of the unique and transient changes that occur during the intermediate phase of expertise development. Our findings indicated that structural and functional brain changes do not necessarily linearly increase as a function of experience as previously suggested by the literature.
    Relation: Human Brain Mapping
    Data Type: article
    DOI 連結: https://doi.org/10.1002/hbm.24280
    DOI: 10.1002/hbm.24280
    Appears in Collections:[心理學系] 期刊論文

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