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    題名: Temporal neural mechanisms underlying conscious access to different levels of facial stimulus contents
    作者: 徐慎謀
    Hsu, Shen-Mou
    Yang, Yu-Fang
    貢獻者: 心腦中心
    關鍵詞: MEG;P300;alpha phase;consciousness
    日期: 2018-04
    上傳時間: 2018-09-14 16:06:12 (UTC+8)
    摘要: An important issue facing the empirical study of consciousness concerns how the contents of incoming stimuli gain access to conscious processing. According to classic theories, facial stimuli are processed in a hierarchical manner. However, it remains unclear how the brain determines which level of stimulus content is consciously accessible when facing an incoming facial stimulus. Accordingly, with a magnetoencephalography technique, this study aims to investigate the temporal dynamics of the neural mechanism mediating which level of stimulus content is consciously accessible. Participants were instructed to view masked target faces at threshold so that, according to behavioral responses, their perceptual awareness alternated from consciously accessing facial identity in some trials to being able to consciously access facial configuration features but not facial identity in other trials. Conscious access at these two levels of facial contents were associated with a series of differential neural events. Before target presentation, different patterns of phase angle adjustment were observed between the two types of conscious access. This effect was followed by stronger phase clustering for awareness of facial identity immediately during stimulus presentation. After target onset, conscious access to facial identity, as opposed to facial configural features, was able to elicit more robust late positivity. In conclusion, we suggest that the stages of neural events, ranging from prestimulus to stimulus-related activities, may operate in combination to determine which level of stimulus contents is consciously accessed. Conscious access may thus be better construed as comprising various forms that depend on the level of stimulus contents accessed. NEW & NOTEWORTHY The present study investigates how the brain determines which level of stimulus contents is consciously accessible when facing an incoming facial stimulus. Using magnetoencephalography, we show that prestimulus activities together with stimulus-related activities may operate in combination to determine conscious face detection or identification. This finding is distinct from the previous notion that conscious face detection precedes identification and provides novel insights into the temporal dynamics of different levels of conscious face perception.
    關聯: Journal of Neurophysiology, Volume 119Issue 4, Pages 1356-1366
    PMID: 29357469
    資料類型: article
    DOI 連結: https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.00747.2017
    DOI: 10.1152/jn.00747.2017
    顯示於類別:[心智‧大腦與學習研究中心 ] 期刊論文

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