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    題名: 從經濟奇蹟到外債危機 : 巴西經濟發展的政治經濟分析,1964-85
    作者: 吳文忠
    貢獻者: 何思因
    吳文忠
    日期: 1997
    上傳時間: 2018-10-05 17:08:34 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 巴西,謎一樣的國家,其一年一度的嘉年華會常令我著迷,也常令我感到困惑。我著迷於其絢麗繽紛的遊行活動、熱力四射的森巴舞、狂歡達旦的不夜城…展現出來的活力,覺得巴西真是個充滿生命力的國度。但是,我也同時困惑於其人民不可思議的酗酒、當街縱火、殺人… 等瘋狂行徑,彷彿嘉年華會已經成為這個國家的法律假期,而人們似乎也都抱著「沒有明天」的絕望心態,藉著極度瘋狂的行為來麻痺自己。
    我試著解謎。我發現政治與經濟的紊亂實為病因。巴西是開發中國家政經發展的失敗個案,從一九六四年軍政府上台以來巴西人民的生活是與長達二十二年之久的高壓威權統治、一連串的政治貪污醜聞、脫韁野馬般的惡性通貨膨脹率、以及天文數字般的鉅額外債共存;在這些問題似乎解決無望的情況下,無怪乎人民會對社會現狀產生消極的絕望心態。嘉年華會正好提供人們一個宣洩情緒的管道,使他們得以藉著極度放縱來遺忘現實生活的種種苦痛與無奈。
    導致今日巴西政經紊亂的原因,係根植於其歷史的發展脈絡裡。一九六四年至一九八五年這段軍人威權統治期間尤其是關鍵的年代。本文採取政治經濟學的觀點,分別從國際體系、國家(政府)、社會、與個人意識形態等四個分析層次,探討影響巴西在這段期間內經濟發展的各種因素,試圖對巴西這個謎一樣國家的政經發展獲得更深的了解。
    本篇論文得以完成,首先要感謝的是指導教授何思因老師,於研究所授課及論文撰寫期間在研究方法及觀念上的啟發。他的豐富學養、敏銳清晰的分析、以及從不吝嗇的鼓勵,使我在一次又一次的彷徨困頓中重新找到方向,燃起鬥志。其次要感謝鄧中堅老師及徐振國老師於口試時所提諸多寶貴意見,使本論文增色不少。此外,特別要感謝黃德福老師在研究所講授的「政治經濟學專題」與「政治衝突研究」兩門課,使我受益良多。
    在蒐集資料期間,感謝中鋼工會黃一中秘書、中石化工會邵克卿常務及其他所有相關人員協助提供資料。尤其要感謝中鋼工會團隊,在將近四天的相處中,不但包涵我的叨擾,更如同兄姐般的照顧我這個異鄉客;你們的熱情與誠懇,使我永難忘懷。雖然最後的論文架構已與最初的構想大相逕庭,仍感謝你們的協助!
    最後要感謝我摯愛的家人。爸、媽、諸位兄嫂多年來的養育與手足之情,是我今日能夠振翅高飛的原動力。女友淑娟蕙質蘭心,在日常生活上給我無微不至的照顧以及精神上的鼓勵,這份支持與信任,讓我無憂無慮地順利完成研究所學業。
    謹以本論文獻給求學過程中所有曾經幫助過我的親人、師長與朋友
    中華民國八十六年七月八日 於新店
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    龐君豪,1995,《巴西民主化過程之研究》。台北:政治大學外交研究所碩士論文。

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