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    Title: 探討第三方機構介入供應商評選機制之研究-以電路板採購流程為例
    Exploring Supplier Selection Mechanism Involved with 3rd Party Agency - A Case Study of Procurement Process in the PCB Industry
    Authors: 李明旺
    Lee, Ming-Wang
    Contributors: 羅明琇
    Lo, Ming-Shiow
    李明旺
    Lee, Ming-Wang
    Keywords: 電路板
    供應鏈管理
    第三方機構
    供應商評選
    一站式服務
    Printed Circuit Board (PCB)
    SCM ( Supplier Chain Management )
    Reliability
    3rd Party Agency
    One stop service
    Date: 2019
    Issue Date: 2019-02-12 15:42:58 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 電路板產業在台灣已經發展超過40年了,這些年的發展幾乎涵蓋了所有的電子產品的領域,也從2010年以來,台商的海內外產值已經是世界第一,舉凡手機,電腦,伺服器,電信交換機,車用電子;台資的電路板廠早已經是產業下單採購電路板的首選,印刷電路板是一種B to B 的商業模式,消費者並不會注意到在電子產品的內部有幾塊電路板與組裝的零件並執行著產品的相關功能。電路板廠的每一種料號的板子都是具有獨特性的,也都依客戶設計而生產,在工藝上必須考慮製造流程與原物料的選用;在涵蓋電子,機械,化工的製作流程中,在電路板的買家要下單給電路板廠時,價格、品質與交期,永遠是最先考慮的。然而隨著環保意識的抬頭,客戶對於產品性能的苛求;傳統的電子部件採購流程與供應商評選程序容易出現採用挑選過的樣品取得合格供應商資格,但量產後的持續供貨,卻出現信賴度異常與最終消費者因故障退貨,尋求真正失效原因卻是因電路板不良而造成。
    近年來愈來愈多的採購者會在電路板供應商評選與採購流程等等供應鏈管理程序裡,透過專業的第三方機構的介入並提供相關的測試以及做為安全規範的把關,可以建立買賣雙方的互信,確保終端產品的壽命與品質。本研究以印刷電路板採購為研究對象範圍,探究第三方機構介入供應商的評選機制與重要性。透過此次的研究與探討,對於目前主要電子相關產業在電路板採購於供應商評選時,將不同產業,不同成品應用與不同的機構所訂定都不盡相同的測試項目;予以歸納分類,也普查電路板行業中,可扮演客觀公正的第三方機構的測試能力與資源,此目的都在確保到終端消費者使用安全與壽命。合適與具備專業權威的第三方機構介入供應鏈管理的效益展現,是電子業供應鏈上中下游的溝通橋樑,讓最初設計的理念可以落實到最終消費者使用的體驗上。研究結論中導出電路板採購程序對於優質第三方機構在專業、公正、客觀與提供一站式的服務,也與產業中的安全規範做比較,訂出後續發展的方向與作法,是此論文研究的具體貢獻。
    關鍵字:電路板、供應鏈管理、第三方機構、供應商評選、一站式服務。
    The PCB industry has been developed in Taiwan for more than 40 years. It has covered almost all the fields of electronic products recently. Since 2010, the production revenues of Taiwan companies from domestic and oversea factories have been the highest in the world, including mobile phones, computers, and servos. Instruments, telecommunications switches, automotive electronics; Taiwan-funded PCB factory has been the industry's first choice for purchasing PCB, PCBs follow a B-to-B business model, and the consumer will not notice the electronic that there are several PCBs assembled components inside the product and perform the functions of the product. The PCB of each model is unique and also produced according to the customer's design. The manufacturing process and the selection of raw materials must be considered, including technologies covering electronics, machinery and chemicals.When the buyer wants to place an order for the circuit board factory, the price, quality and delivery time are always the first consideration. However, with the rise of environmental awareness, customers are demanding product performance; traditional electronic component procurement process, PCB suppliers always select screened good PCB to be qualified as approved venders. Due to lack of representativeness from these samples , the reliability and abnormality are found in the final consumer returning due to the failure, the reason for seeking the root cause of failure is due to the unreliable PCBs.
    In recent years, more and more purchasers will need the involvement of 3rd party organizations in the supply chain management procedures such as board supplier selection and procurement processes, through the involvement of professional 3rd -party agencies and provide relevant tests. The safety regulations has been established mutual trust between buyers and sellers to ensure the life and quality of the end products. This study takes PCB procurement as the research object and explores the selection mechanism and importance of 3rd -party agencies involved in suppliers. Through this research and discussion, for the current major electronics-related industries in the PCB procurement supplier selection, different industries, different finished product applications and different institutions set different test items; Also in the survey PCB industry, it can play the testing ability and resources of objective and fair 3rd-party agencies, all of which are aimed at ensuring the safety and longevity of the end consumers. Appropriate and professional 3rd-party agencies involved in the supply chain management benefits, is the communication bridge between the reaches of the supplier chains of electronics industry , so that the original design concept can be implemented to the consumer experience. In the research conclusions, the derived circuit board procurement procedure is a professional, fair, objective and one-stop service for outstanding 3rd-party organizations, and also compares with the safety norms in the industry, and sets out the direction and practice of subsequent development. Specific contributions to electronics industries.


    Keywords:Printed Circuit Board (PCB)、SCM ( Supplier Chain Management )、Reliability、3rd Party Agency、One Stop Service  
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    經營管理碩士學程(EMBA)
    105932019
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0105932019
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/THE.NCCU.EMBA.026.2019.F08
    Appears in Collections:[經營管理碩士學程EMBA] 學位論文

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