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    Title: 事業單位職業災害發生原因與因應對策之探討─以某民營公司為例
    A Study on the Causes of Occupational Accident of Business Entity and Corresponding Strategies – The Case on a Private Company
    Authors: 廖至謙
    Liao, Chih-Chien
    Contributors: 成之約
    廖至謙
    Liao, Chih-Chien
    Keywords: 職業災害
    安全文化
    安全衛生教育訓練
    職業災害預防
    Occupational disaster
    Safety culture
    Education and training of safety and health
    Prevention of occupational disaster
    Date: 2019
    Issue Date: 2019-02-12 15:50:48 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究參考職業安全衛生領域之文獻與法令,同時搭配研究對象的過往案例與深度訪談,試圖探尋事業單位內部與職業災害相關的關鍵因素與重點對策,藉以了解職業災害及安全衛生領域之全貌與未來展望,研究內容經統整後得出:
    一、職業災害之發生原因:職業災害因素繁多,包含同仁的不安全行為、機器設備老舊、教育訓練不足、政策未獲支持等。換句話說,事業單位並未能全面養成安全文化,當人們安全意識不足時,不論身處何地、是什麼身分、正在進行何種作業,皆有可能對自己、對他人、對整個工作場域造成危害。
    二、職業災害後的標準作業流程:標準作業流程係以國家法令作為基本架構,另外配合各單位、各層級人員做細部區分,使相關規範「適才適所」。層層分工的概念,從通報、記錄、調查、復原等程序中要求各相關人員依據自身職權行使相應之義務,方能在職業災害後續流程中發揮最大效用。
    三、職業災害的因應對策:
    1.完善廠區設備環境:維持整潔汰舊換新,主動改善環境安全。
    2.強化安衛教育訓練:課程搭配回訓機制,因人制宜提供訓練。
    3.重新定位安衛角色:安衛業務專責承辦,管理監督回歸單位。
    4.投入資源整體考量:調整策略挹注資源,職業安全同樣重要。
    5.安全事項全員參與:管理階層以身作則,相關事項全程參與。
    本研究中最重要的癥結是為「安全文化」,企業在相關政策執行方法或在機器設備的精進上或許可以長期向上提升,但若是沒有具備安全意識、沒有培養安全文化,再多再好的硬體設備都將於事無補。唯有將職業安全衛生視為分內之事,方能達成最終目標,「有效降低、甚至避免職業災害發生」。

    關鍵字:職業災害、安全文化、安全衛生教育訓練、職業災害預防
    This study refers to the literature and laws in the field of safety and health, and at the same time, with the past cases and in-depth interviews of the research subjects, trying to explore the key factors and major countermeasures related to occupational disasters within the business unit, so as to understand the overall picture and future of occupational disasters and safety and health. The research content has been consolidated and concluded as below:
    First, causes of occupational disasters: There are many factors in occupational disasters, including unsafe behaviors of colleagues, old machinery and equipment, inadequate education and training, and unsupported policies. In other words, business unit are not able to fully develop a safety culture. When people are not aware of their safety, they may causes harm to themselves, others, and the entire workplace no matter where they are, what their identity are, or what they are doing.
    Second, standard operating procedures after the occurrence of occupational disasters:The standard operating procedures are based on national laws and regulations, and the divisions are made in accordance with the departments and levels of personnel to make the relevant specifications "appropriate." The concept of division of labor, in the procedures of notification, record, investigation, recovery, etc., requires all relevant personnel to exercise corresponding obligations according to their own authority, in order to maximize their effectiveness in the follow-up process of occupational disasters.
    Third, countermeasures for occupational disasters:
    1.Improve the equipment and environment of the plant: Maintain cleanliness and replace old machines, and actively improve the environmental safety.
    2.Strengthen safety and health education and training: create training equipped with a re-training mechanism, and provide courses according to personnel conditions.
    3.Repositioning the role of health and safety: Safety and health related business is undertaken by dedicated personnel, while management and supervision returns to various units.
    4.Overall consideration of input resources: Adjust business strategies when occupational safety is equally important.
    5.Full participation in safety and health matters: management leads by example and participates in relevant matters.
    The most important point in this study is the “safety culture”. Enterprises may be able to refine the implementation of relevant policies or in the improvement of machinery and equipment. However, if there is no safety awareness and no culture of safety, no matter how good the hardware devices are, it will not help. Only by considering occupational safety and health as one’s own business can we achieve the ultimate goal of "effectively reducing or even avoiding occupational disasters."

    Keywords: Occupational disaster, Safety culture, Education and training of safety and health, Prevention of occupational disaster.
    Reference: 一、中文部分

    中華民國安全衛生協會,2001,勞工安全管理師之勞工安全衛生教育訓練教材。

    王惠玲,2005,由過勞死到過勞自殺─相當因果關係之迷思,台灣本土法學雜誌,第77期,301-305。

    王筱萱,2007,內隱知識擷取方法之探討,http://ceiba3.cc.ntu.edu.tw/course/cb9879/92.03.27-2.pdf,資料檢索日期:2018年05月15日。

    文崇一,1987,調查訪問法,《社會及科學研究方法》下冊,台北:東華。

    台灣勞動法學會,2010,勞動基準法釋義─施行二十年之回顧與展望,新學林。

    行政院勞動部職業安全衛生署,TOSHMS管理模式,https://www.toshms.org.tw/association.aspx,
    資料檢索日期:2018年06月06日。

    行政院勞動部職業安全衛生署,年度重大職災實例摘要,https://www.osha.gov.tw/1106/1196/10141/10157/,
    資料檢索日期:2018年05月29日。

    林千雅,2014,探討職業災害與勞工行為之關聯性─以台電公司事故為例,國立高雄應用科技大學,工業工程與管理系,碩士論文。

    林明洲,2003,產業推行職業安全衛生管理系統之績效評估模式及策略分析,國立交通大學工學院碩士在職專班產業安全與防災學程,碩士論文。

    胡幼慧、姚美華,1996,質性研究,台北市:巨流。

    黃瑜君,2017,台灣機械產業安全衛生管理系統導入OHSAS18001個案研究,國立勤益科技大學,工業工程與管理系,碩士論文。

    黃茂榮,2006,債法各論,自版。

    楊通軒,1998,當事人違法或過失時職業災害補償責任之探討,我國職業災害補償制度實務研討會會議實錄。

    鄭雅文、鄭峰齊等,2013,職業,病了嗎?,群學出版。

    廖雪吟、陳俊勳,2006,從國外職業安全衛生自主管理系統趨勢看政府做法之探討,2006年工業安全衛生論文研討會論文集,經濟部工業局。

    蔡文賓,2017,某石油公司承攬商安全衛生管理之研究,國立高雄第一科技大學,環境與安全衛生工程系,碩士論文。

    歐用生,1998,教師成長與學習。板橋:台灣省國民學校教師研習會。

    劉奎廷,2013,塑膠業承攬商安全衛生管理現況之研究─以某大企業台南廠區為例,嘉南藥理科技大學,產業安全衛生與防災研究所,碩士論文。

    二、外文部分

    角本定男,1998,安全管理,呂山海譯,書泉出版社。

    F.E.Bird, Jr,1996, Safety and the bottom line, International Loss control Ins., Georgia.

    ILO, Decent Work, http://www.ilo.org/global/topics/decent-work/lang--en/index.htm, 資料檢索日期:2018年04月23日。

    ILO, National system for recording and notification of occupational diseases: Practical guide(ILO國家層級的職業安全衛生系統), http://www.ilo.org/safework/info/publications/WCMS_210950/lang--en/index.htm, 資料檢索日期:2018年04月27日。

    International Organization for Standardization, ISO 45001:2018管理模式,https://www.iso.org/standard/63787.html
    資料檢索日期:2018年07月17日。
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    勞工研究所
    105262026
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0105262026
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/THE.NCCU.LR.004.2019.F08
    Appears in Collections:[勞工研究所] 學位論文

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