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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/122314

    Title: 世界銀行與中國的對話:減貧議題之分析
    Dialogue between World Bank and China: An Analysis of Poverty Reduction
    Authors: 林宜諼
    Lin, Yi-Hsuan
    Contributors: 鄧中堅
    Teng, Chung-Chian
    Lin, Yi-Hsuan
    Keywords: 世界銀行
    Poverty Reduction
    Date: 2019
    Issue Date: 2019-02-12 15:55:25 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 1944年,由美國與英國主導的布列敦森林會議(Bretton Woods Conference),是二戰後最重要的國際會議之一,國際復興開發銀行(International Bank of Reconstruction and Development,後以世界銀行為世所知)的創設是該會議最重要的成果。世界銀行作為國際政治最重要的國際組織之一,在各個議題都具領導性,減貧(Poverty Reduction)是組織當前重要的宗旨之一。中國自改革開放以來,成功使國內7億餘人脫離極端貧窮狀態,抗貧成果斐然,儘管如此,至今仍有約3000萬的貧困人口,是貧困人口數最多的國家之一。綜合世界銀行的重要性,與中國在貧窮議題上的特殊定位,筆者欲以減貧為主軸,探析世界銀行在此議題對中國所產生的影響。

    在本文中,筆者以建構主義作為分析之框架,主要以社會建構主義學者芬尼莫爾(Martha Finnemore)於著作《國際社會中的國家利益》(National Interests In International Society)中之為基礎,在該書中,芬尼莫爾以三個實際例子解釋國際組織如何成為國家社會化的驅動者,使國家接受新的規範與價值,甚至改變了對自身利益的認定。本研究同樣強調國際組織的能動性,透過建構主義對規範的框架,檢證世界銀行如何使減貧議題成為國際規範。

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    Description: 碩士
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0105253015
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/THE.NCCU.DIP.002.2019.F09
    Appears in Collections:[外交學系] 學位論文

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