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    Title: 以區塊鏈智能合約技術實作網路小額借貸平台
    Design and Implementation of a Peer-To-Peer Lending System based on Smart Contracts
    Authors: 黃世峰
    Huang, Shih-Feng
    Contributors: 陳恭
    Chen, Kung
    黃世峰
    Huang, Shih-Feng
    Keywords: 區塊鏈
    網路借貸
    以太坊
    智能合約
    比特幣
    Blockchain
    Peer-to-Peer lending
    Ethereum
    Smart contract
    Bitcoin
    Date: 2018
    Issue Date: 2019-02-12 16:00:03 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 金融科技 (Financial technology,也稱為FinTech) ,是指企業運用科技手段使得金融服務變得更有效率,因而形成的一種經濟產業。金融業務經過 600 年來長久的發展,但不是所有的人都能順利地得到金融服務,還是有一部分的資金需求者無法取得金融服務;這時透過網路借貸平台 Peer-To-Peer Lending 正好可以補齊這方面的需求,因此從 2005 年來網路借貸平台在世界各地蓬勃發展,不過網路借貸平台因為集中式管理的問題,容易發生監守自盜的問題,造成平台倒閉。

    2008 年中本聰發表了比特幣,2014 年 Vitalik Buterin 創立了以太坊,他們底層所使用的區塊鏈可以提供去中心化的網路架構、智能合約提供履約保證等功能,正巧可以補足網路借貸平台目前遇到的問題。本研究利用以太坊區塊鏈及智能合約實作網路借貸平台,探討區塊鏈應用程式的相關問題。
    Financial technology (also known as FinTech) refers to an economic industry in which enterprises use technology to make financial services more efficient. The financial business has developed for a long time in the past 600 years, but not all people can get financial services smoothly, or some of the capital needs can not get financial services; at this time, Peer-To-Peer Lending can be completed through the online lending platform. In this regard, the Internet lending platform has flourished around the world since 2005. However, due to the problem of centralized management, online lending platforms are prone to self-stealing and cause the platform to close down.

    In 2008, Nakamoto deployed bitcoin's original reference implementation. In 2014, Vitalik Buterin founded Ethereum. The blockchain used by the bottom layer can provide a decentralized network architecture, smart contracts to provide perform guarantees, etc., which can complement the network. The problems currently encountered by the lending platform. This study uses the Ethereum blockchain and smart contract implementation Peer-toPeer lending platform to explore issues related to blockchain applications.
    Reference: [1] Ethereum Community,「Dapp」,Retrieved June 14 2017,from:http://ethdocs.org/en/latest/contracts-and-transactions/developer-tools.html
    [2] Ethereum Community,「Ethereum Homestead Documentation」,Retrieved June 14 2017,from:http://ethdocs.org/en/latest/contracts-and-transactions/developer-tools.html
    [3] Ethereum Community,「Transaction」,Retrieved June 14 2017,from:http://ethdocs.org/en/latest/contracts-and-transactions/account-types-gas-and-transactions.html#what-is-a-transaction
    [4] ethereumbuilders,「Ethereum JSON RPC」,Retrieved June 14 2017,from:https://ethereumbuilders.gitbooks.io/guide/content/en/ethereum_json_rpc.html
    [5] Github.com,「keythereum」,Retrieved Oct 4 2016,from:https://github.com/ethereumjs/keythereum
    [6] Github.com,「sendRawTransaction」,Retrieved Oct 4 2016,from:https://github.com/ethereum/wiki/wiki/JavaScript-API#web3ethsendrawtransaction
    [7] Github.com,「sendTransaction」,Retrieved Oct 4 2016,from:https://github.com/ethereum/wiki/wiki/JavaScript-API#web3ethsendtransaction
    [8] Medium Corporation,「POA 私有鏈」,Retrieved Feb 08 2017,from:https://medium.com/taipei-ethereum-meetup/%E4%BD%BF%E7%94%A8-go-ethereum-1-6-clique-poa-consensus-%E5%BB%BA%E7%AB%8B-private-chain-1-4d359f28feff
    [9] Medium Corporation,「Private Chain Create」,Retrieved Mar 18 2017,from:https://medium.com/taipei-ethereum-meetup/使用-go-ethereum-1-6-clique-poa-consensus-建立-private-chain-1-4d359f28feffW
    [10] Wikipedia,「Ethereum」,Retrieved June 14 2017,from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethereum
    [11] Wikipedia,「Node.js」,Retrieved Oct 4 2016,from: https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/Node.js
    [12] Wikipedia,「認識你的客戶」,Retrieved Oct 14 2016,from:https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/認識你的客戶
    [13] 中央銀行全球資訊網,「主要國家P2P借貸之發展經驗與借鏡」,上網日期107年10月23日,檢自:https://www.cbc.gov.tw/public/Attachment/892717204371.pdf
    [14] 中央銀行全球資訊網,「主要國家P2P借貸之發展經驗與借鏡」,上網日期107年10月23日,檢自:https://www.cbc.gov.tw/public/Attachment/892717204371.pdf
    [15] 奇摩理財,「淺談區塊鏈特性」,上網日期107年4月20日,檢自:https://yahoo-cryptocurrency.tumblr.com/post/171782370883/淺談區塊鏈特性
    [16] 財團法人金融聯合徵信中心,「金融機構查詢信用資訊說明」,上網日期107年01月23日,檢自:http://www.jcic.org.tw/main_ch/docDetail.aspx?uid=76&pid=47&docid=82
    [17] 智庫百科,「區塊鏈 (Block Chain)」,上網日期107年10月23日,檢自:https://wiki.mbalib.com/zh-tw/區塊鏈
    [18] 電周文化,「區塊鏈技術演進史」,上網日期107年10月23日,https://www.ithome.com.tw/news/105370
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    資訊科學系碩士在職專班
    103971011
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0103971011
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/THE.NCCU.EMCS.003.2019.B02
    Appears in Collections:[資訊科學系碩士在職專班] 學位論文

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