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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/122797

    Title: 價格離散的解析:以2009年至2013年中國乘用車市場為例
    Analysis of Price Dispersion: A Case Study of China's Passenger Car Market from 2009 to 2013
    Authors: 李柏德
    Li, Bo-De
    Contributors: 胡偉民
    Hu, Wei-Min
    Li, Bo-De
    Keywords: 中國乘用車市場
    China's passenger car market
    Price dispersion
    Theil index
    Hedonic prices
    Date: 2019
    Issue Date: 2019-04-01 15:05:53 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 以往對汽車價格離散的研究,多以複數國家為標的,國家不同導致的各種因素也帶來了價格離散。中國汽車市場雖處於單一國家內,仍因其配銷模式、物流成本及區域經濟環境差異而使市場分割。即使近年中國法規鬆綁且汽車交易資訊的取得難度降低,市場卻沒有整合的趨勢。本文分析2009年至2013年中國36個主要城市的汽車銷售價格,藉由觀察汽車銷售價格的離散程度和成因,解釋為何廠商在各地的定價能力沒有減弱。結果顯示,因為中國各地的所得差異和廠商提供商品數量的不同,而得以維持中國汽車市場的分割。
    Previous studies on car price dispersion are mostly based on plural countries, caused by various factors concerning boundaries. China's auto market, though in a single country, is still segmented in view of distribution method, logistics cost and regional economic environment difference. Despite an easier access to trading information and the loosening regulations, China's auto market has yet been integrated. This thesis will analyze the automobile sales prices in 36 major cities in China from 2009 to 2013. The price dispersion of China's auto market and its causes explain why manufacturers can retain the pricing power, and the income inequality and manufacturing quantity explain why China's auto market can remain segmented.
    The result shows that China's passenger car price index has declined while the price dispersion continues to expand, only with a slower growth compared to the previous period. According to the Theil Index analysis, price dispersion is primarily rooted in differences between economic regions, rather than within them. Moreover, it is the physical characteristic of the cars that has a significant positive impact on the sales price, not the distance of location between production and marketing. Intertemporal changes of price dispersion are found to be affected mostly by inter-regional variation of intertemporal income difference and competition difference. That is, it is affected by the income effect and the competition effect. With the two-stage system GMM, the increase in the absolute value of the intertemporal difference on income effect and competition effect on similar vehicles is inferred to have a significant positive impact on the intertemporal changes of price dispersion.
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    Description: 碩士
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G1042550241
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/THE.NCCU.PF.002.2019.F07
    Appears in Collections:[財政學系] 學位論文

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