English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 27 |  Items with full text/Total items : 91913/122132 (75%)
Visitors : 25750569      Online Users : 288
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/122824


    Title: 過度教育與學用不符對台灣高等教育畢業生的薪資與工作滿意度影響
    The Effect of Overeducation and Skill Mismatch on Wage and Job Satisfaction of College Graduates in Taiwan
    Authors: 梁家瑜
    Liang, Chia-Yu
    Contributors: 莊奕琦
    Chuang, Yih-Chyi
    梁家瑜
    Liang, Chia-Yu
    Keywords: Taiwan
    TEPS-B
    Wages
    Job satisfaction
    Date: 2019
    Issue Date: 2019-04-01 15:14:34 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: none
    Overeducation and skill mismatch are two incidents commonly occurring when job-seeking. Imperfect information and the failure of market mechanisms can result in such mismatch. Job mobility and job competition theories state that overeducation can be voluntary, as job-seekers want to be more competitive than other candidates or expect a more promising career. Human capital theory points out that it is likely that graduates choose to be overeducated because they have too little experience and feel unprepared to do an adequate job. Overeducation, in particular, has been an issue since the expansion of higher education. Assignment theory explains that an increase in skilled labor brings about a lower wage, on average. These issues are strongly associated with the education and labor markets. This has definitely been a concern in Taiwan since the 1980s. These two items have the potential to influence both wages and job satisfaction. In this research, ordinary least squares (OLS), Heckman two-step, and inverse probability-weighting (IPW) estimates will be used to analyze wage effect. Probit models will be used to study job satisfaction. The first section of the research will use three methods and examine the effects on the entire highly-educated labor of the Taiwan Education Panel Survey-Beyond (TEPS-B) from the 2014 interview. After comparing three estimates, one will be adopted in further research of wage effect, and a probit model will be used for job satisfaction. This further research will stratify highly-educated graduates into six groups: gender, ranking, profession, institution, ownership, and industries. In the specification of gender, women claim less overeducation but have a higher wage penalty than men. Top 10, medical, and public graduation have stronger effects on wages and satisfaction. This indicates that Taiwanese elite universities have an impairment regarding educational distribution and therefore not every graduate takes a job as he or she expects. Third industry workers have a lower effect on wage penalty and are more willing to be overeducated or skill mismatched.
    Reference: Allen, J., & Van der Velden, R. (2001). Educational mismatches versus skill mismatches: effects on wages, job satisfaction, and on‐the‐job search. Oxford economic papers, 53(3), 434-452.
    Borghans, L., & De Grip, A. (1999). Skills and low pay: upgrading or overeducation?.
    Caliendo, M., & Kopeinig, S. (2008). Some practical guidance for the implementation of propensity score matching. Journal of economic surveys, 22(1), 31-72.
    Caroleo, F. E., & Pastore, F. (2014). Overeducation at a glance: determinants and wage effects of the educational mismatch, Looking at the AlmaLaurea data.
    Clark, A. E. (1997). Job satisfaction and gender: why are women so happy at work?. Labour economics, 4(4), 341-372.
    Croce, G., & Ghignoni, E. (2012). Demand and supply of skilled labour and overeducation in Europe: a country-level analysis. Comparative Economic Studies, 54(2), 413-439.
    Curtis, L. H., Hammill, B. G., Eisenstein, E. L., Kramer, J. M., & Anstrom, K. J. (2007). Using inverse probability-weighted estimators in comparative effectiveness analyses with observational databases. Medical care, S103-S107.
    Cutillo, A., & Di Pietro, G. (2006). The effects of overeducation on wages in Italy: a bivariate selectivity approach. International Journal of Manpower, 27(2), 143-168.
    Duncan, G. J., & Hoffman, S. D. (1981). The incidence and wage effects of overeducation. Economics of education review, 1(1), 75-86.
    Hartog, J. (2000). Over-education and earnings: where are we, where should we go?. Economics of education review, 19(2), 131-147.
    Hung, C. Y., Yin, C. C., & Tao, H. L. (2015). The Effects of Education-Job Mismatches on Earnings and Job Satisfaction: The Case of Female College Graduates in Taiwan. Taiwan Journal of Sociology of Education, 15(1), 43. (Chinese)
    Martin, J. K., & Shehan, C. L. (1989). Education and job satisfaction: The influences of gender, wage-earning status, and job values. Work and Occupations, 16(2), 184-199.
    Krug, G., & Nisic, N. (2011). Is there an urban wage premium for women? A difference-in-difference analysis using propensity score matching. LASER Discussion Paper, (54).
    Lin, C., & Wang, C. H. (2005). The incidence and wage effects of overeducation: The case of Taiwan. Journal of Economic Development, 30(1), 31.
    Mavromaras, K. G., McGuinness, S., O'Leary, N. C., Sloane, P. J., & Wei, Z. (2010). Job mismatches and labour market outcomes: Panel evidence on Australian university graduates.
    McGuinness, S. (2008). How biased are the estimated wage impacts of overeducation? A propensity score matching approach. Applied Economics Letters, 15(2), 145-149.
    McGuinness, S., & Sloane, P. J. (2011). Labour market mismatch among UK graduates: An analysis using REFLEX data. Economics of Education Review, 30(1), 130-145.
    Ministry of Education (2018). Department of Statistics. Retrieved from https://stats.moe.gov.tw/. (Chinese)
    Ning, G. (2010). Can educational expansion improve income inequality? Evidences from the CHNS 1997 and 2006 data. Economic Systems, 34(4), 397-412.
    Global Views Research (2018, July 3rd). 2018 The Best Ranking of Higher Education in Taiwan. Retrieved from http://gvsrc.cwgv.com.tw/?p=1967. (Chinese)
    Robst, J. (2007). Education, college major, and job match: Gender differences in reasons for mismatch. Education Economics, 15(2), 159-175.
    Sicherman, N. and Galor, O. (1990). A theory of career mobility. Journal of Political Economy, 98(1):169–192.Thurow, L.C. (1975), Generating Inequality, New York: Basic Books.
    Taiwan Education Panel Survey and Back (2018). Retrieved from http://tepsb.nccu.edu.tw/ (Chinese)
    Thurow, L.C. (1975), Generating Inequality, New York: Basic Books.
    沈暉智•林明仁 (2018). 論家戶所得與資產對子女教育之影響---以 1993--1995 出生世代及其父母稅務資料為例. Retrieved from http://www.econ.ntu.edu.tw/ter/new/data/new/forthcoming/106-019.pdf .(Chinese) Unpublished
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    應用經濟與社會發展英語碩士學位學程(IMES)
    1052660031
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G1052660031
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/THE.NCCU.IMES.002.2019.F06
    Appears in Collections:[應用經濟與社會發展英語碩士學位學程 (IMES) ] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat
    003101.pdf905KbAdobe PDF44View/Open


    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback