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    题名: 俄羅斯中東政策之演變─ 以沙烏地阿拉伯與以色列為例
    The Evolution of Russia’s Middle East Policy: The Cases of Saudi Arabia and Israel
    作者: 張倢禕
    Chang, Chieh-I
    贡献者: 林永芳
    Lin, Yong- Fang
    張倢禕
    Chang, Chieh-I
    关键词: 俄羅斯
    中東政策
    沙烏地阿拉伯
    以色列
    地緣政治
    國際關係
    Russia
    Middle east policy
    Saudi Arabia
    Israel
    Geopolitics
    International relation
    日期: 2019
    上传时间: 2019-05-02 14:47:06 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 俄羅斯和中東世界感覺起來並不相關,但如若展開地圖,及會發現兩者之間事實上是難以切割的。以地緣政治的視角來說,俄羅斯和中東之間的距離如此之近,理所當然地影響了兩者之間的政策制訂。自蘇聯至今,俄羅斯的中東政策在這100年間不斷地變化著。從這些變化中我們不只可以看出中東的地位對於俄羅斯來說有著難以磨滅的重要性,更可以看出俄羅斯和美國的關係、以及美國和中東世界的關係,是如何對彼此造成影響的。
    本文將時間範圍訂定自蘇聯時期至今,並選定俄羅斯以及中東地區作為空間範圍。另選定兩個區域性強權─沙烏地阿拉伯和以色列為例,來詳細探討俄羅斯對兩個國家的制定演變中,到底有哪些狀況,而這些狀況又受到那些因素的影響。本文將自研究動機和理論開始,逐層自俄羅斯的中東政策談論到俄羅斯對沙、以兩國的政策和關係,期望能夠以這樣的方式來呈現出俄羅斯在中東地區的角色以及重要性,並對俄羅斯和中東關係的未來發展做出預測。
    Russia and the Middle East seems not related to each other, yet if we look at the map, we will find the unbreakable connection between them. From the angle of Geopolitics, the distance between Russia and Middle East will for sure influence their policy-making process. Since Soviet era, the Middle East policy of Russia changed continuously within the 100 years. the position of Middle East is not only crucial to Russia from these changings, but also the relationships between Russia and US, or Us and Middle East.
    The time extent of the research starts from Soviet time till now, and specifically chooses Russia and the Middle East for the study case and chose two regional powers- Saudi Arabia and Israel as example to deeply explore. Within the evolution of the policy making of Russia to the two countries, what issue existed and what are the causes of these issues. In this thesis, we will start with motivation and theories, gradually discuss about the Middle East Policy of Russia and the Policy of Russia to Saudi Arabia and Israel. The main purpose is to present the character of Russia in the Middle East and the importance of the country, and give a prediction to the future relationship between Russia and the Middle East.
    參考文獻: 一、中文部分
    (一)專書
    1.尼古拉.斯瓦尼熱[俄]。大國思維─梅德韋傑夫訪談錄,北京:法律出版社,2010。
    2.李渤著,俄羅斯政治與外交,北京:時事出版社,2008。
    3.明驥著,蘇聯外交史,台北:黎明文化,2003。
    4.馮紹雷、相藍欣著,俄羅斯與大國及周邊關係,上海:人民出版社,2005。
    5.廖舜右,曹雄源,〈現實主義〉,張亞中,左正東主編,《國際關係總論(第三版)》,臺北:揚智,2013,頁36-73。
    6.羅伯‧卡普蘭《地理的復仇 : 一觸即發的區域衝突.劃疆為界的地緣戰爭,剖析地理與全球布局終極關鍵 》,林添貴譯,臺北:麥田出版社,2017年。
    7.蕭曦清著,俄國人入門,台北:博雅書屋,2012。
    (二) 新聞
    1.前蘇聯在以色列建國前後態度為何大轉彎?http://news.ifeng.com/history/1/jishi/200812/1230_2663_947078.shtml

    二、英語部分
    (一)專書
    1.Cohen, Saul Bernard. (2009) Geopolitics: the geography of international relations, Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield.
    2.Kayaoglu, Turan. (2015) The Organization of Islamic Cooperation: politics, problems, and potential, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon; New York : Routledge.
    3.Kreutz, Andrej. (2007) Russia in the Middle East: Friend or Foe, Westport, Conn.: Praeger Security International.
    4.Stronski, Paul, Sokolsky, Richard, The Return of Global Russia: An Analytical Framwork, Carnegie Endowment of International Peace, December 2017, pp.18-21.
    (二)期刊論文
    1.Baev, Pavel K. “Future approaches to the Greater Middle East,” ISSUE, No.26, March 2016, pp. 56-60.
    2.Barmin, Yuri, Russia in the Middle East Until 2024: From Hard Power to Sustainable Influence, March 8, 2018, https://jamestown.org/program/russia-middle-east-2024-hard-power-sustainable-influence/
    3.Blank,Stephen, “Russia’s Middle Eastern Position in 2025”, November 20, 2018,
    https://jamestown.org/program/russias-middle-eastern-position-in-2025/
    4.Freedman, Robert O., “Russia, Israel and the Arab-Israeli conflict: the Putin years,” Middle East Policy, Vol.17(3), Fall, 2010, pp.51-63.
    5.Karasik,Theodore, “Russia in the Middle East: Implications and Policy Recommendations”, November 20, 2018, https://jamestown.org/program/russia-in-the-middle-east-implications-and-policy-recommendations/
    6.Oren, Michael B., “The Second War of Independence”, 2007.
    https://web.archive.org/web/20070110234732/http:/www.azure.org.il/magazine/magazine.asp?id=355
    7.Sladden, James; Wasser, Becca; Connable, Ben, and Grand-Clement,Sarah, Russian Strategy in the Middle East, 2017, https://www.rand.org/pubs/perspectives/PE236.html?fbclid=IwAR3Th3c4rGAaqpr18V8EnLeKrV_05SeDjpcL3zB_vZQDOYSvPXOCe18r4gs
    8.Trenin, Dimitri “Russia in the Middle Ease: Moscow’s Objectives, Priorities, and Policy Drivers, March 25, 2016, https://carnegieendowment.org/files/03-25-16_Trenin_Middle_East_Moscow_clean.pdf?fbclid=IwAR3DQpZYEFVZa6b5zrT_0mK1NDZ9XfDziMJ55U2SckbkHZehIWo70njD9Bw

    三、俄語部分
    (一)期刊論文
    1.Ачкасов В. А., Ланцов С. А.. Мировая политика и международные отношения. 2011, «Отношения России с арабскими странами».
    https://textbooks.studio/uchebnik-mejdunarodnie-otnosheniya/otnosheniya-rossii-arabskimi-24980.html
    2.КОСАЧ Григорий, «Россия и Саудовская Аравия: эволюция отношений», 2016.
    http://svom.info/entry/608-rossiya-i-saudovskaya-araviya-evolyuciya-otnosheni/
    3.Эпштейн, Алек «Израиль – Россия: несостоявшийся роман?», 2007.
    https://globalaffairs.ru/number/n_8826
    (二)新聞
    1.КОЖЕУРОВ,СТАНИСЛАВ; ЭПШТЕЙН АЛЕК, «В тени отмененного визита президента»,2011. https://polit.ru/article/2011/01/04/izrael/
    2.Мошкин, Михаил, «Почему Россия простила Израиль за сбитый Ил-20?», 2019.
    https://vz.ru/question/2019/2/28/966433.html
    3.Новый расклад сил в Сирии: Россия и Израиль против Ирана?
    https://www.dw.com/ru/%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%B2%D1%8B%D0%B9-%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%B4-%D1%81%D0%B8%D0%BB-%D0%B2-%D1%81%D0%B8%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%B8-%D1%80%D0%BE%D1%81%D1%81%D0%B8%D1%8F-%D0%B8-%D0%B8%D0%B7%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%B8%D0%BB%D1%8C-%D0%BF%D1%80%D0%BE%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%B2-%D0%B8%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B0/a-47314960
    4.Отношения России и Саудовской Аравии. Досье. https://tass.ru/info/2475421
    描述: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    俄羅斯研究所
    105263001
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G1052630011
    数据类型: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/THE.NCCU.RUSSIA.001.2019.A06
    显示于类别:[俄羅斯研究所] 學位論文

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